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scripts, microfilms, audiovisual materials, tape recordings, computer tapes, etc. It also provides information services to requesters from its own and from outside resources. Multistate Affiliations Regional arrangements (by informal agreement, compact, or by contract) among states or statewide agencies to pursue common library and information programs. National Refers to interests that transcend local, state, and regional concerns. The term is also used to refer to organizations whose operations embody or serve these broader interests. National Bibliographic Center A place where the basic record for each bibliographic item is created (or verified) and held to serve the full range of needs of libraries, information centers, abstracting and indexing services, and national and trade bibliographies. National Lending Library A central library, within a country, responsible for acquir at least one copy of a prescribed class of material and making it available to other libraries by loan or photocopy service. National Plan The phased schedule by which the National Program is implemented to meet its program objectives. National Program An organized and articulated statement prepared to provide for the coherent development of library and information activities in the United States to meet the needs of its people.

Nationwide
That which extends throughout the country.

Network Two or more libraries and/or other organizations engaged in a common pattern of information exchange, through communications, for some functional purpose. A network usually consists of a formal arrangement whereby materials, information, and services provided by a variety of types of libraries and/or other organizations are made available to all potential users. (Libraries may be in different jurisdictions but agree to serve one another on the same basis as each serves its own constituents. Computers and telecommunications may be among the tools used for facilitating communication among them.)

On-line Retrieval Services Retrieval services involving direct interactive communication between the user at a terminal and the computer programmed to provide access to one or more data bases. Private Sector Organizations not directly tax supported. Includes organizations outside of government such as profit-making companies and not-for-profit institutions, which produce, process, store, or disseminate information.

Public Sector

Organizations directly tax supported. Regional Resource Center An institution especially chartered to provide a common service to a cooperative of libraries in differing political jurisdictions. Software The intellectual instructions—such as a computer programwhich govern machine operations. State Library Agency The official agency of a state charged by the law of that state with the extension and development of public library services throughout the state. This agency has adequate authority under the law of the state to administer state plans in accordance with the provisions of the Library Services and Construction Act, and is generally responsible for statewide planning and coordination of cooperative library and information services. System An organization of people, machines, material resources, and procedures, designed to accomplish a given purpose or set of purposes. A system may exist within a library or information activity, or it may exist when two or more library or information activities agree to participate in a common service program utilizing their resources. Telecommunication The exchange of information by electrical transmission. Telefacsimile See Facsimile.

User

Any individual or group with a desire, no matter how casual or how serious, to use libraries and information facilities.

Listing of Related Papers

1. Relationship and Involvement of the State Library Agen

cies with the National Program Proposed by NCLIS

Alphonse F. Trezza, Director, Illinois State Library 2. Role of the Public Library in the National Program

Allie Beth Martin, Director, Tulsa City/County Library

System 3. The Relationship and Involvement of the Special Library

with the National Program—Edward G. Strable, Manager, Information Services, J. Walter Thompson Company

Chicago 4. The Independent Research Library-William S. Buding

ton, Executive Director and Librarian, The John Crerar

Library 5. The Information Service Environment Relationships and

Priorities—Paul G. Zurkowski, President, Information In

dustry Association 6. Manpower and Educational Programs for Management,

Research, and Professional Growth in Library and Information Services—Robert S. Taylor, Dean, School of

Information Studies, Syracuse University 7. School Library Media Programs and the National Pro

gram for Library and Information Services Bernard M. Franckowiak, School Library Supervisor, Wisconsin De

partment of Public Instruction 8. National Program of Library and Information Services of

NCLIS: Implication for College and Community College Libraries—Beverly P. Lynch, Executive Secretary, Association of College and Research Libraries, American Library

Association 9. The National Library Network, Its Economic Rationale

and Funding—Robert M. Hayes, Dean, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Cali

fornia 10. Intellectual Freedom and Privacy: Comments on a Na

tional Program for Library and Information Services R. Kathleen Molz, Chairman, Intellectual Freedom Com

mittee, American Library Association 11. International Library and Information Service Developments as they Relate to the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science-Foster E. Mohrhardt, Former President, Association of Research Libraries and

American Library Association 12. An Economic Profile of the U.S. Book Industry-Curtis G.

Benjamin, Consultant, McGraw Hill, Inc. 13. The Role of the Information Center in the National Com

mission on Libraries and Information Science Program for the Improvement of National Information Services—Herman M. Weisman, Manager, Information Services, Na

tional Bureau of Standards 14. The Relationship of the Government and the Private Sec

tor in the Proposed National Program-David Carvey,

Vice President, Disclosure, Inc. 15. New Federal Authority and Locus of Responsibility,

John Bystrom, Professor of Communication, University

of Hawaii 16. Relationship and Involvement of the Multi-State Library

and Information Community with the National Program for Library and Information Services—Maryann Duggan, Director, Continuing Education and Library Resources

Program-WICHE 17. The Future of Federal Categorical Library Programs

Robert Frase, Consulting Economist 18. Availability and Accessibility of Government Publications

in the National Program for Library and Information Services—Bernard Fry, Dean, Graduate Library School,

Indiana University 19. Cost Comparisons of Alternative Bibliographic Access

Systems—Saul Herner, President, Herner and Company 20. University Libraries and the National Program for Li

brary and Information Services—John McDonald, Execu

tive Director, Association of Research Libraries 21. Federal Libraries and Information Centers— James Riley 22. Quantitative Data Required to Support and Implement a

National Program for Library and Information Services,
Theodore Samore, School of Library Science, The Uni-

versity of Wisconsin-Milwaukee 23. Urban Information Centers and their Interface with the

National Program for Library and Information Services-
Jane E. Stevens, Library Science Department, Queens
College

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