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Transcript of a grocery and meat account of a group of 8 Bulgarians, July 22 to October

22, 1907 (bread bought elsewhere) —Continued. September 5:

September 15: Pears... $0.15 Meat...

$0. 18 Sugar. .25 Meat and beans.

. 68 Meat. .30 Cakes...

.05 Meat and cakes..

15 September 16: Grapes and oranges.. . 20 Pencils..

. 10 Cakes...

.05 Cakes.. Sausage.

. 10 September 17: Cakes.. .05 Meat...

. 10 September 6:

September 18: Beans and oil.. . 20

. 10 Olives....

.05
Grapes.

. 10 Sardines....

05
Watermelon

.30 Cakes and bananas.

15

September 19:
Oranges, bananas..

. 10
Meat....

25 September 7:

Beans...

. 15 Meat..

15
Oranges.

. 10 Meat..

.23

Cakes.. Sugar and coffee.

. 45 Gasoline..

: 24 September 20:

Meat.. Grapes....

15 Sardines....

05
Onions..

. 10 Meat..

.22 Sausage. Sausage and grapes..

. 20
Candy.

.05 September 8:

September 21:
Meat..

.36
Sugar.

25 Meat.

. 12

Gasoline.
Meat..

. 20
Meat.

. 20 September 9:

Greens..

. 15 Meat and oranges

27 September 22: Sugar.

Cakes..

10 Cheese..

. 10
Meat.

23 Cheese. .05 Cakes.

.05 Cakes.. .05 Oranges.

. 10 Butter and candy..

. 15 September 23: September 10:

Meat and beans..

. 35 Meat...

. 10
Sugar.

. 25 Meat.

. 20

Pepper. Meat. .36 Olives....

. 15 September 11:

September 24:
Meat and beans.

11
Cakes..

.05 Meat and beans.

. 20
Grapes.

. 05 Gasoline....

Meat..

. 15 Cucumber.

Meat..

. 12 September 12: Meat.

. 11 September 25: Meat.

.06

Gasoline...
Sardines..

.05
Rice....

. 10 Meat..

.05
Beans.

15 Meat..

. 28 Grapes. Sausage.

. 10 September 26: September 13:

Sugar.

. 25 Tomatoes and olives..

Meat.

. 20 Tomatoes and cakes.

. 15
Beans.

. 10 Cakes. .05 Grapes.

.05 Sugar.

. 25
Cakes.

.05 September 14:

September 27: Meat..

Candy.

. 10 Tomatoes.

Olives.
Lard.

.35
Oil..

. 10 Rice..

Gasoline.. Cakes.. .10 Meat.

22 48296° ---VOL 9-11-17

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Transcript of a grocery and meat account of a group of 8 Bulgarians, July 22 to October

22, 1907 (bread bought elsewhere Continued.

$0. 10

. 20 . 10 . 10 . 05

September 28:

Oranges.
Pears.
Meat.

Onions..
September 29:

Beans and meat.
Cakes.
Sugar.
Cakes.

Grapes.
September 30:

Meat.
Meat.
Meat.
Candy.
Grapes..
Peaches..

· 25

25 . 17

20 . 05

. 15 . 12 . 05

. 29 .10 .05

05 . 10

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Total....

. 10

10

. 15 .05

. 25

20 . 10

25 . 10 . 10 . 05

· 25

October 9: $0.05

Apples.
. 10 Meat.
. 25

Beans.
. 10 Rice..

Tobacco.. 35

October 10: .05

Sugar.

Gasoline. . 05

Coffee.. .05

Tomatoes. 10 October 11:

Meat...
Tomatoes.
Cakes...

Oranges.
.05

OL

s.... .05

October 12: 20. 15

Beans..
Oil...
Meat.

Cake.
. 10 October 13:
. 10

Meat..
. 15

Meat.
Sugar.

Potatoes. . 17 Greens.. .35

Cakes.... . 25 October 14: .05

Meat...

Gasoline.. . 10

Cabbage. .35 Beans.. . 10

October 15: .10

Sugar. .10

Candy .28

Cakes.. . 10 Meat.

October 16: . 10

Rice.... . 10

Pepper. .10

Oranges.

Meat. .05

Oranges.

Olives.. .30

Oil.. .10

Meat.. .05

October 17: .05

Meat...

Cabbage. 15

Beans. 11

Cakes.. . 25 Tomatoes. .17 October 18:

Tomatoes. .30 Meat. .10 Gasoline.. .05

Meat.. .05

Cakes...

15 . 17 . 10 . 10

Meat..

October 1:

Meat...
Beans.
Grapes.

Eggs.
October 2:

Sugar.
Gasoline.
Lard.
Coffee..

Sugar.
October 3:

Onions...
Beans, meat.
Rice and candy.

Olives...
October 4:

Cakes...
Meat.

Greens..
October 5:

Meat...
Coffee...
Tomatoes.
Sugar.

Cakes.
October 6:

Meat.
Beans.
Tomatoes
Cakes....

Candy..
October 7:

Meat...
Meat..
Sugar

Gasoline..
October 8:

Meat..
Sausage.
Candy.
Candy.

38 25 . 05 . 10 .05

. 25

. 10 . 05 . 05 . 30 . 05 . 10 .05 . 23

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Transcript of a grocery and meat account of a group of 8 Bulgarians, July 22 to October

22, 1907 (bread bought elsewhere)—Continued.

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PURCHASES OF CLOTHING, SHOES, AND SMALL ARTICLES.

The following accounts, which have been copied from the books of alien merchants selling on credit, will serve to supplement the detailed showing as to purchases of food. The individuals whose accounts are given bought exclusively from the merchants furnishing the information. They give an exhibit of the average individual's expenditures for clothing and other articles than food. The accounts are, with one exception, taken from periods during the year 1907, in a time of prosperity and steady work, preceding the present depression, and have been selected according to the leading races in the community. They are not submitted as an accurate statement of cost of living, but are considered representative of the kind and quantity of articles purchased by the representatives of the different

races.

DETAILED

EXPENDITURES

FOR

CLOTHING AND OTHER ARTICLES.

. 10

Account No. 1.-Bulgarian (from Mace- | Account No. 2.-Roumanian-Continued. donia).

July 3, 1907: November 13, 1907:

Underwear..

$0.50 Quilt, spread, needles...... $2. 25 Perfume.

. 25 November 20, 1907:

July 8, 1907:
Coat, pants, gloves, buttons... 1. 10 Sleeve holders..

.05 December 15, 1907:

Handkerchief.

. 05 Underclothes..

1. 00 July 14, 1907: February 19, 1908:

Collar and tie..

.35 Notebook...

. 10 July 19, 1907:

Gloves..
Account No. 2.-Roumanian. July 21, 1907:

Pair pants.

2. 25 May 15, 1907:

July 25, 1907: Gloves.. $0.10 Gloves..

. 10 May 19, 1907:

July 31, 1907:
Socks (two pairs)....

. 25
Blanket..

. 50 May 23, 1907:

Mattress (cot).

3. 85 Rule..

. 10 June 3, 1907:

August 2, 1907:
Knife..

25 Toothbrush.

. 10 Belt....

25 August 7, 1907: June 22, 1907:

Socks.... Pants.

.50 August 13, 1907: Gloves...

Handkerchief..

. 10

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DETAILED EXPENDITURES FOR CLOTHING AND OTHER ARTICLE8—continued.

·10

· 60

65

.

Account No.2.-Roumanian-Continued- Account No. 4.Bulgarian (from Bul

garia). August 15, 1907: Gloves..

$0.10 September 27, 1907: August 19, 1907:

Suit of clothes.

$12.00 Shoes..

2. 30 September 29, 1907: August 24, 1907:

Handkerchiefs and socks..... . 25 Gloves..

. 10

October 6, 1907: September 1, 1907:

. 25 Mosquito net...

October 25, 1907: Overshirt.

1. 00

Two flannels, pair socks....... 1. 25 Flannels and suspenders... .75 October 30, 1907: September 9, 1907:

Collar and hat.

2. 20 Pants.....

.75 November 12, 1907: Suspenders.

. 25
Quilt...

2. 00 September 17, 1907:

November 27, 1907:
Cap....

. 10
Shoes..

3. 00 October 6, 1907:

November 30, 1907: Five pairs socks...

Shirt....

.60 Flannels, underwear.

3. 10

December 2, 1907: October 17, 1907:

Two pairs socks..

.50 Alarm clock...

1. 25

December 14, 1907: October 26, 1907:

Bedspread and pillow... 1. 50 Rubbers...

.80

December 20, 1907: November 17, 1907:

Cards and envelopes..... 1. 40 Brush...

. 15

December 31, 1907: Necktie and handkerchiefs...

Handkerchiefs and collars.... . 35 November 26, 1907:

January 6, 1908: Handkerchiefs..

. 20

Flannel, underwear, suspendDecember 7, 1907:

ers, and socks.

5. 15 Three pairs of gloves and

January 28, 1908:
spectacles....
.50

15 December 28, 1907:

February 8, 1908: Two pairs odd socks.......... . 20

Shoes and hosiery..

3. 25 December 30, 1907:

Handkerchief.

. 15 Playing cards and writing

February 21, 1908:

35 paper...

Pair of pants....

3. 25 January 4, 1908:

March 1, 1908:
Shoes....

3. 25
Suit of clothes...

15.00 Watch chain..

. 25

March 22, 1908: Account No. 3.-Bulgarian (from Macedonia).

1. 10 Shirt, necktie, and buttons...

April 4, 1908: May 7, 1907:

Two pairs socks......

. 20 Pair of pants...

$0.75 April 12, 1908: May 12, 1907:

Hat..

1. 50 Quilt.....

2. 50 April 19, 1908: Underwear and socks.

.70 Pair of socks and necktie...... May 19, 1907: Coat and collar...

3. 50

Account No. 5.Bulgarian (from MaceJune 3, 1907:

donia). Work coat..

July 15, 1907: June 14, 1907:

Pair of pants..

$0.50 Cap..

10 Underwear. June 15, 1907:

July 19, 1907:
Pair pants...

. 75
Clock.

1. 00 June 16, 1907:

July 28, 1907: Suit of clothes..

11. 70 Chain.. Hat.... 1. 50 Watch..

1. 25 June 17, 1907:

August 2, 1907: Cartridges....

Pair of gloves.

. 10 July 8, 1907:

August 11, 1907: Pair of pants... 1. 75 Sleeve holders.

15 Pair of shoes.

Pair of socks..

. 10 July 25, 1907:

August 21, 1907:
Shirt...

.50
Pair of gloves..

.50

.60

.50

. 25

· 50

. 10

. 70

DETAILED EXPENDITURES FOR CLOTHING AND OTHER ARTICLES—continued. Amunt No. 6.-Bulgarian (from Mace- | Account No. 6.-Bulgarian (from Macedonia).

donia)-Continued. June 27, 1907:

November 25, 1907: Two flannels... $1.00 Musical instrument...

$1.00 July 12, 1907:

February 15, 1908:
Mattress..

1. 25
Cap...

.50 Pair of shoes.

1. 70

March 12, 1908:
Working coat.

.50
Pair of pants....

1. 50 Pair of pants.. Cap......

. 10 Suspenders.

. 20

Account No. 7.-Roumanian. Trunk..

1. 50 July 29, 1907:

January 6, 1907: Pair of shoes.

1. 75

Underwear and socks.......... $0.70 August 4, 1907:

January 12, 1907:
Two cots...

4. 50
Rubbers (2 pairs).

1. 50 October 10, 1907:

January 15, 1907: Gasoline, can. 2. 50 Rubbers (1 pair)..

.80

. 50

RENTS.

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The rent paid by the individual immigrant is, of course, small, because of the large number of persons who occupy a cottage or room and divide the rent among them. The average alien endeavors not to let his expenditure for rent go above $1, and the landlord, on the other hand, seems to have departed from the usual method of fixing rents at a point where it will yield a fair return on the amount invested in the house and land by placing the rental charge on the conditions that exist—the occupancy of a room or cottage by a large number of persons who divide the rent among them.

The resultant income is out of proportion to the investment, and excessive. By way of illustration, the cottages in Hungary Hollow may be considered. These cottages usually have three rooms, although some scattered here and there have four rooms. In each of these cottages twelve to sixteen men live, paying a rent from $14 to $16 per month. Multiplying these amounts by twelve to get the annual rents, they are found to be $168 and $192, respectively. These rentals are the equivalent of an investment of $2,800 and $3,200. The original cost of the cottages, it is claimed, was $1,500, although this seems to be an excessive estimate. On this basis, however, the landlords are receiving from 11 to 13 per cent gross. As the houses are badly in need of repair, practically the only deduction to be made is for taxes and insurance. The cottages are very similar to, but not so good as, those for which the southern cotton mill operatives pay a rent of $3 to $3.50 per month.

As far as the rooming houses are concerned, which are conducted by the mercantile establishments, and in which such a large proportion of the population lives, the rents are from $5 to $8 per room. Taking an average rental per room of $5, which is a very low estimate, a mercantile house having 50 rooms to rent would receive $250 in rentals per month, or $3,000 annually. This amount represents the annual interest payment on $50,000 at 6 per cent. In practice a parallel case exists to substantiate this supposition. A mercantile house in the community has 50 rooms for rent, from which it receives more than an average of $5 per room per month. Its building cost

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