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TABLE 596.- Number of male employees in a granite and stamping plant in Community

E, by race and occupation.

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ANNUAL EARNINGS OF MALE HEADS OF FAMILIES STUDIED. The following table shows that of the 44 Magyar husbands from whom information was received all are regularly employed and earn an average of $444 per annum. TABLE 597.-Husbands at work, by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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the range

a For selection of families, see p. 272. The following table shows, by general nativity and race,

, in annual earnings of male heads of families: TABLE 598.— Earnings per year of male heads of families, by general nativity and race of

individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) (This table includes only male heads of selected families. For selection of families, see p. 272.)

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The preceding table shows that the annual average earnings of foreign heads of Maygar families are $444, and that all of the heads earn less than $800 per year. Slightly more than two-fifths earn under $400, and a shade more than four-fifths less than $600. ANNUAL EARNINGS OF MALES 18 YEARS OF AGE OR OVER IN THE

HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

The table next presented shows, by general nativity and race of individual, yearly approximate earnings of all males 18 years of age or over, in the households studied, who were working for wages. Table 599.— Yearly earnings (approximate) of males 18 years of age or over, by general

nativity and race of individuai.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

General nativity and race of individual.

Number
Number earning-

Per cent earning-
working
for wages Average
and re- earnings. Under Under Under Under Under Under Under Under
porting

$200 $400 $600 $1,000. $200. $400. $600. $1,000 amount.

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The average yearly earnings for all foreign-born males who are working for wages are shown by the above table to be $285. The annual earnings of the Magyars are considerably above those of the Bulgarians, the former showing $339 as compared with $261 of the latter. About the same proportions of the Magyars and Bulgarians earn under $200 per year, while a larger proportion of the latter than of the former earn under $400 and under $600.

ANNUAL FAMILY INCOME.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race of head of family, the per cent of families having a total yearly income of each specified amount.

Table 600.- Per cent of families having a total yearly income of each specified amount,

by general nativity and race of head of family.

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The foregoing table, which shows the range of annual family income for Magyar families whose heads were born abroad, discloses the fact that the great majority of families have a yearly income under $750, 36.4 per cent an annual family income under $500, and 13.6 per cent less than $300. All of the families have an annual income under $1,500, and 86.4 per cent a yearly income of less than $1,000.

WIVES AT WORK.

The extent to which the female members of the households contribute to the family support is indicated by the two tables next submitted. The first table shows that, of the 44 wives in households whose heads were foreign-born Magyars, only 2, or 4.5 per cent, were at work outside of the home. The average earnings of these women have not been computed owing to the small numbers involved.

TABLE 601.-Wives at work, by general nativity and race of head of family.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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ANNUAL EARNINGS OF FEMALES 18 YEARS OF AGE OR OVER IN THE

HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the yearly earnings, approximate, of females 18 years of age or over, in the households studied, who were working for wages.

Table 602.— Yearly earnings (approximate) of females 18 years of age or over, by general

nativity and race of individual.

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The one Croatian female at work for wages reports earnings under $400. Of the three Magyar women, two earn under $200 and all three who are at work less than $300.

RELATION BETWEEN THE EARNINGS OF HUSBANDS AND THE PRACTICE

OF WIVES OF KEEPING BOARDERS OR LODGERS.

The following tables indicate the tendency among the Magyar wives to seek employment or keep boarders or lodgers, according to the yearly earnings of their husbands. Seventy-three and seventenths per cent have employment or keep boarders or lodgers where the husbands' earnings are under $400, while only 52.9 per cent are at work or keep boarders or lodgers where the husbands' earnings are $400 but under $600, and 75 per cent are shown where the husbands' earnings are $600 or over.

Table 603.— Number of families in which wife has employment or keeps boarders or

lodgers, by yearly earnings of husband and by general nativity and race of head of family.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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a For selection of families, see p. 272. Of the selected families only those which have both husband and wife present appear in this table.

TABLE 604.- Per cent of families in which wife has employment or keeps boarders or

lodgers, by yearly earnings of husband and by general nativity and race of head of family.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) (For selection of families, see p. 272. Or the selected families only those which have both husband and

wife present appear in this table.)

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SOURCES OF FAMILY INCOME.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race of head of family, the per cent of families having an income within the year from husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources: TABLE 605,- Per cent of families having an income within the year from husband, wife,

children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general nativity and race of head of family.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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The table above shows that all of the Magyar families have an income from earnings of husband, and 63.6 per cent receive contributions to the family income in the form of payments of boarders or lodgers, while 9.1 per cent have children contributing to the family support, and 4.5 per cent receive an income from the earnings of wives.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race of head of family, the source of family income in detail, each specified source being exclusive of other sources:

TABLE 606.-Source of family income in detail, by general nativity and race of head of

family.
(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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The preceding table shows that only 22.7 per cent of the Magyar families whose heads were foreign-born receive their entire income from the earnings of husbands, while 47.7 per cent derive their income from the earnings of husbands plus the payments received from boarders or lodgers. A proportion of the families equivalent to 4.5 per cent are supported by the earnings of husbands and children.

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