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PART IV.-THE IRON AND STEEL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

IN THE SOUTH.

119

PART IV.-IRON AND STEEL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY IN THE

SOUTH.

GENERAL SURVEY.

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION.

Territory covered-Employees for whom information was secured-Preparation of

data--[řext Table 633 and General Table 362].

TERRITORY COVERED.

In making a study of the iron and steel workers in the Southern States, the investigation was confined to furnaces and mills of Maryland and Alabama for two reasons: (1) The iron and steel industry is more important in these States than in any others of the South with the possible exception of Kentucky, and (2) Alabama and Maryland are the only two States in which persons of foreign birth are extensively employed. In the remaining iron and steel producing localities in the southern territory native white and negro labor is almost exclusively used.

EMPLOYEES FOR WHOM INFORMATION WAS SECURED.

The intensive investigation of households was limited to Alabama and the information secured is presented in connection with the study of the Birmingham district. Detailed information was obtained for 8,325 individual iron and steel workers in Maryland and Alabama. The number reporting, when compared with the total number employed, is considered sufficiently large to render the statistics presented representative. 48296°-VOL 9-11

121

-9

The following table and its accompanying chart show the number and percentage of male employees of each race studied: TABLE 633.— Male employees for whom information was secured by general nativity and

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Number of male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and race.

[This chart shows only races represented by 100 or more employees.)

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