« iepriekšējāTurpināt »
sary once in a while to take our bearings. We commend this volume to those that are and those that would be cultivated in the use of a noble language. Even where it may be hypercritical, it will set them thioking to good purpose. Let them read carefully the chapters on Big Words for Small Thoughts, Misused Words, Style, British and American English, Is being done. And if they continue to talk of “Presidential campaigns,” and
“balance” for remainder, “has got" for has, “portion” for part, "resurrected," "donate," etc., they will do it deliberately. But if a man has a drop of Irish blood, to say nothing of Dutch, Scotch, or French, we despair of his learning the dis inction between “shall” and “will.” He will to his dying day imitate Biddy's “ Will I spread the table, ma'am ?” and “We will be cold, ma'am.”
BIBLE NOTES FOR DAILY READERS. A comment on Holy Scripture. By
Yurk: Chus Scribner & Co. Chicago: W. G. Holmes. 2 vols. 8 vo.
The conception of this commentary is a good one. It aims to give in the most compact form such an explanation of the whole Bible as shall unfold its meaning to "daily readers.” It omits the text, makes no references to expositors and almost no quotations, and uses the fewest words that will convey the meaning. The author in his Iutroduction, however, acknowl. edges his abundant indebtedness to the best modern commentators by Dame, and indicates that this is the fruit of many years' labor. We ought to add that it is printed on large, clear type.
The commentary is written in a devout spirit, and with thoroughly evangelical views, adopting even the Old School view of our relation to Adam, thus (Rom., v. 13): “ Adam was the representative of the race, and being involved in sin the race is involved with bim. His sin is made over, imputed, counted or reckoned as theirs because he is their agent, their father, their natural prototype, their federal head, their representative." In exegetical value the notes vary somewhat with the helps which the author used. They are naturally strongest on the New Testament, and especially the gospels. The work undertaken is a great and a difficult one, requiring not only the bighest skill, but greai learning. We judge that this writer was dependent chiefly upon other expositors, and in cases of a special diff. culty perhaps at a loss between different views. The general spirit of the commentary and its prevailing influence upon its readers are probably superior to its ability in exposition. We should hardly resort to it to answer any question of doubt or difficulty or even to know what is the most accepted or best sustained exposition. The author probably would not expect it. Still it would give most readers a far more intelligent understanding of God's word than they now have. And we welcome all devout endeavors to promote the familiar, intelligent use of the Scriptures.
THE PSALMS: THEIR History, TEACHINGS, AND USE. By WILLIAM BIN
NIE, D. D. London: T. Nelson & Sons. New York: John Boyd, 109 South Avenue. Pp. 400. 8vo.
This treatise has been Dr. Bivnie's "pleasant companion of his leisure hours for many years.” He bas evidently bestowed upon it much thought and labor, and has used the works of Hengstenberg, Hupfeld, Delitzsch, and other able scholars. The title sufficiently describes the contents. While the writer does not attempt to exhaust the learning of the theme, nor to probe all its questions to the bottom, he bas given us a highly judicious and valuable account and analysis of this remarkable group of compositions. It is a good book on a magnificent theme, and will deepen the impressions and exalt the conception of its readers. As indications of the writer's posiLion, we may mention that with Hengstenberg, Delitz-ch, and Oehler, he maintains the authenticity of the titles (against De Wette, Ewald, and others); he reckons the second, twenty-second, forty-fifth, and hundred-andtenih psalms as directly Messianic; the 8th, 18th, 35th, 41st, 55th, 69th, 109th, as typically Messianic; the 16th and 40th as “mystically " Messianic; he finds the doctrine of immortal life plainly uttered in psalms 16, 17, 73, 49, and suggested in others; and he defends the rightfulness of the so-called "imprecatory” psalms.
BIBLE THOUGHTS AND THEMES. TAE LESSER EPISTLES. By HORA
Tits Bonar, D. D. New York: Roberi Carter & Biotberg. Chicago: W. G. Holines. Pp. 437. 12 mo.
The Carters have previously issued a similar volume by the same author, and with the same characteristics. In this volume some sixty five different texts and topics are subjects of terse, devout, practical meditation. They seem to us like the essence of so many excellent sermons--thougbıful and spiritual and pungent. We only wish there were more of si ch preaching. It is pleasant to believe that such books still find readers enough to justify tbeir publication. The number will increase. Stimulants and confectionery must sometime give way to food.
SERMONS PREACHED IN THE King's WEIGH HOUSE CHAPEL. London.
1829–1869. By T. BINNEY. London: Macmillan & Co. Pp. 383.
It is very natural to read the last of these weighty and thoughtful dis. courses first, and those preceding in the light of it. The title is “A Forty Years' Review.” Mr. Binney's miuistry has been a notable and effective
Facile princeps among the Congregational preachers of London—if not among all London preachers, Spurgeon alone excepted, -possessing a Jorge, rich nature, and great power of iny pressing himself upon the public niind, and constantly looked to and appealed to for aid by pul; it and platform addresses, in every good work, he has filled a large place in the religjous movements of forty years past. The London of this period would not be London with Thomas Binney left out. A man of ample and fatherly presence,—"front of Jove,"—somewhat like grand Dr. Gutbrie's, of Edin. burgh,-a noble capacity of kindling and sweeping thought, a judgment and gift of wisdom touching great public questions and interests worthy of large honor and trust, and unusual insight and foresight-these were elements of pro!racted and eminent usefulness, which bave made the “Weigh House Chapel" a center of attraction and power.
Some of these sermons are really elaborate treatises, and one can but wonder how they were ever preached! Was it in the fashion of old New England preachers, pausing where convenient, and beginning at the next service with the next “head?" The preacher explains that they were not written at all till ofter being preached, and are now expanded aud amplified." They are, unquestionably! Two of them extend to more tbau tilty pages, those on Salvation by Fire and Silvation in Fullness," and on “The Law our Schoolmaster.” The other discourses cover respectively 8, (three sermors) 9, (wo) 11, 12, (two) 13, 16, 18, 22, 23, 29, 30, 31, and 33 pages. The preacher evidently believes in“
at according to the cloth!" in sayiug much when there is much to be said, and little when there is little American readers will be struck by the eminent Scripturalness of these sermons. They are very rich in exhibitions of the Word. Bible language and Bible exposition abound in them. The priacher's habit of indicating inspired words hy single quotation commas shows this on every page. The style is various—at one time, as a note explains, intended to be heard, “as if the book were speaking like a man;" at another “to be read, pondered, studied, because the man had spoken like a book.”
Many of these sermous sbow Mr. Binney's ability in dictrine. The first : “ The Words of Jesus and what Underlies tbem," is a vigorous assertion of the orthodox cred as the substance of our Lord's teaching, and the answer to man's spiritual questiouivgs. The fifth, “Men in understanding is a potent plea for an elevated, intelligent, intellectual piety.” The wise preacher evidently spues out the puling tale of the day aby ut religion consisting in Seeling, and needing no theology, and insists, instead, upon deep and comprehensive views of truth and duty. In the sixth sermon,“Natural and Revealed Religion,"—the distinction between the two is sharply set forth, and illustrated by Paul's teaching at Athene, at Thessalovica, and at Corinth. It is thoroughly well-done. The third, “ Life and Immortalily,” shows how law and gospel severally held the fundamental truth of a hereafter. The thirteenth, “The Law our Schoolmaster," defines the relation at large, between the Old Dispensation and the New—a mas. terly presentation, and pretty exhaustive. Five sermons, VIII –XII., inclusive, deal with the practical on Christian experience very shrewdly and usefully. “An Old Year Meditation,” and “ Buying and Sellirg," ure practical in other, and very pungent, ways. “Rationalism at Corinth," and " The Creed of St. Paul” are cogent assaults on current religious error, and “The Blessed God "gives utilitarianism in religion no quarter, while “Experience and H pe conservative of Faith,” deals with some of the deep thivgs of the divine life.
OUR SEVEN CHURCHES. THOMAS K. BEECHER. New York: J. B. Ford
& Co. Chicago: Cobb Bros., S. C. Griggs & Co. 18mo., pp. 167.
We bave here a series of eight lectures delivered by the author to his own congregation in Elmira, N. Y. Their aim is to promote charity between churches of different name and order. They present the best features of the Roman Catholic, the Presbyterian, the Protestant Episcopal, the Methodist Episcopal, the Baptist and Congregarional and the Liberal Christian churches respectively, with two additional lectures ou Choosing One's Church," and on “the Church of Christ,” as it shall ultimately be made up of representatives of all churches and many of no churches. The design of the book is excellent, and falls in with one of the most bopeful tendencies of our times. Perhaps the book will promote that design. But we apprehend that its greatest influence will tend to defeat the end for which tbe Church of Christ was instituted, by fostering a spirit of indiffer. ence to all religion. The true end for which the Church was established in the world, is identical with that of the whole scheme of redemp!ion, viz., to reconcile men to God, and hold them in vital union with the Father. For this some positive beliefs are necessary, and some associated action for the propagation of these beliefs. While intolerance and exclusiveness are to be deprecated, yet some carnestness of devotion to thorough convictious of truth is essential to overcome the careless indifference to divine tbings, of souls estranged from God, is sure to prevail uuder a charity which makes no discriminatious.
A TREATISE ON THE PREPARATION AND DELIVERY OF SERMONS. By
Joun A. BROADUS, D.D., L.L.D, Professor in the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, S. C. Philadelphia : Smith, English & Co. New York : Sheldon & Co. Chicago : Cobb Brothers. Pp. 514. 8vo.
The author has made a valuable contribution to Homiletic literature. His work, though not strikingly original, shows wide range of reading, good command of the literature of the subject, judicious and ample selection of materials, and fresh and attractive treatment of them. The author has made free use of the works of other writers in his department, especially Whately and Vinet, for which he has given full credit :
His arrangement of topics, though supported by high authority, seems faulty. Instead of treating at length of the materiols of preaching, and then of the several parts of a sermon,-a course which almost compels one to go over much of the ground a second time,-it would seem better to enter at opce on the analysis of a sermon, and discussion of its various parts, and then to take the synthetical method, and show how to gather materials, and build up such a sermon
The author's classification of subjects of sermons into "doctrinal, moral, historical, experimental and occasional,” seems as unphilosophical, and imperfect, as would be a similar distribution of the various kinds of apples, were one to attempt an exhaustive classification of them, by making classes of Pippins, Russets and so on, and then adding a class to embrace miscellaneous or stray apples.
f The author surprises us when he says, “ The proposition of the subject' scar cely needs to be treated as a distinct part of the discourse. The simplest and most natural analysis would seem to be that which gives three parts, viz: the introduction, the plan, (including divisions, when these are made,) and the conclusion. It would seem that the proposition should make a separate part in every analysis of a sermon, for it is as distinct from the divisions, as the trunk of a tree from its branches. Aristotle makes the statement distinct from the proof, and each equally essential to an oration.
The author's classification of sermons into “Subject Sermons, Text Ser: mons and Expository Sermons," seems also not the best. It would scem that the ground of classification should not be the manner of treating a text, whether topically or textually, for this is nothing more than a difference in the statement and division of a theme, but should rather lie in the method of treatment, or form of the development.
We think it not well to introduce into a treatise on Homiletics, so large an amount of material on general rhetoric, which a student of Homiletics ought to have previously studied.
The author's style is, in general, clear, familiar and attractive, and well adapted to his suloject. Very rarely we find such expressions as better," "correspond with facts," which ought not to appear in a work of this kind.
The treatise, as a whole, is a good one, and will well repay perusal by those who desire to excel in the work of the Christian ministry.
A HISTORY OF TUIE SANDWICH ISLANDS M189ION. By REV. RUFUS
ANDERSON. D.D, LL.D, Lure Foreign Secretary of the American Board. Boston: Congregational Publishing Society. Pp. 408.
12 mo. After a long life of most efficient superintendence of the Missionary work Dr. Anderson now gives the churches the benetit of his thorough knowledge and his eninent wisdom. It is the fitting climax of his labors. The present volume is the first of a series, intended to be three in number. They may prove to be more. This history of the Sandwich Islauds we have read straight tbrough, as we used to read a novel. Much as has been said and written concerning this wonderful series of events, there was still room and call for the narrative of the honored Secretary. First, it gives us the interior and central view. This fact, again, makes it by far the most complete and symmetrical view. Dr. Anderson grasps the history as one while, from the landing of the brig Thaddeus till the Jubilee of 1870. The fragmentary accounts we have heard from the lips of Coan and Ruggles and others are here combived. For ourselves, we never before comprehended the origin and method of the first great revival. Here we learn for the first time the broad and deep system of influences which God was pleased to bless, and these aguin as part of a regular system of agencies devised at the Committee Rooms for the conquest of the Islands unto Christ. But not as a system of machinery alone; for the deepest spirit of prayer and