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representative number of bulk containers, the composite consisting of no more than 10 times the amount required for conducting the required tests and assays. Such samples are not required if they have been previously submitted.
(iv) In the case of a sterile drug packaged in combination with containers of a sterile diluent, the sample shall be collected by taking 20 immediate containers of the diluent collected at regular intervals throughout each filling operation, except that if the diluent is sterilized after filling into containers, the representative sample shall consist of 20 immediate containers collected from each sterilizer load and each container shall be taken from a different part of each such sterilizer load. In the case of sterile drugs packaged in combination with sterile dispensers, the sample shall be collected by taking 20 dispensers from each sterilizer load, and each dispenser shall be taken from a different part of such sterilizer load.
(9) In the case of an initial request for certification, each ingredient used in making the batch other than ingredients required by specific regulations: 1 package of each containing approximately 5 grams. Results and dates of the latest tests and assays made by or for him on such ingredients shall precede or accompany the submission.
(10) The results and dates of tests and assays made by or for him on the nonantibiotic active ingredients in the batch.
(11) If such batch or any part thereof is to be packaged with a sterile diluent or sterile dispenser, such request shall also be accompanied by a statement that such diluent or dispenser is sterile and conforms to the requirements prescribed therefor by specific regulations.
(d) Each sample submitted pursuant to the regulations in this chapter shall be addressed to the Commissioner. Its package shall be clearly identified as to its contents and shall bear the name and post-office address of the person submitting it.
(e) In addition to the information and samples specifically required to be submitted to the Commissioner by the regulations in this chapter, the person who requests certification of a batch
§ 431.5 Samples for sterility testing.
(a) “Filling operation" and "sample" defined. (1) The term "filling operation" when used in connection with samples of a batch required for sterility testing refers to that period of time not longer than 24 consecutive hours during which a homogeneous quantity of drug is being filled continuously into market-size containers and during which no changes are made in the equipment used for filling. (Short rest periods for operators of the filling equipment and the time required to change operators between consecutive shifts are not considered as a break in continuity of the filling operation.) If more than one filling device is used during the filling operation, the samples shall include immediate containers filled by each device, and each such container shall be identified with a mark corresponding to that assigned to the filling device. If more than one filling operation is required to fill a batch, each container in the sample shall be identified with the number of the operation.
(2) For the purpose of sterility testing, the term "sample" means the total number of containers taken from each filling operation.
(b) Packaging requirements for samples. If a batch of a sterile antibiotic is packaged for repacking or for use as an ingredient in the manufacture of another drug, the sample required for sterility testing may be packaged in one container, in lieu of 20 containers, or in two containers in lieu of 40 containers, under the following conditions:
(1) The weight or volume of the sample is equivalent to the composite weight or volume required for a multiple container sample;
(2) The sample is a composite of samples taken from all parts of the batch; and
(3) The sterility test method prescribed for the drug by the regulations in this chapter is “Bacterial membrane filter method” described in § 436.20(e)(1) of this chapter.
mined by the tests and methods of assay prescribed for such drug by regulations issued under this chapter.
(e) The regulations in this chapter, prescribing tests and methods of assay for antibiotic and antibiotic-containing drugs, shall not be construed as preventing the Commissioner from using any other test or method of assay in his investigations to determine whether or not:
(1) A request for certification contains any untrue statement of a material fact; or
(2) A certification has been obtained through fraud, or through misrepresentation or concealment of a material fact.
(f) Except as specifically provided by the regulations in this chapter, no provision of any regulation shall be construed as exempting any certifiable antibiotic drug from any applicable provision of the act or any regulation thereunder.
$ 431.11 Conditions on the effective
ness of certificates.
(a) If it appears to the Commissioner, after such investigation as he considers necessary, that:
(1) The information (including results of tests and assays) and samples required by or pursuant to the regulations in this chapter have been submitted, and the request for certification contains no untrue statement of a material fact; and
(2) The batch complies with the regulations in this chapter and conforms to the applicable standards of identity, strength, quality, and purity prescribed by the regulations in this chapter; the Commissioner shall certify that such batch is safe and efficacious for use, subject to such conditions on the effectiveness of certificates as are prescribed by $ 431.11 and shall issue to the person who requested it a certificate to that effect.
(b) If the Commissioner determines, after such investigation as he considers to be necessary, that the information submitted pursuant to the regulations in this chapter, or the batch covered by such request, does not comply with the requirements set forth in paragraph (a) of this section for the issuance of a certificate, the Commissioner shall refuse to certify such batch and shall give notice thereof to the person who requested certification, stating his reasons for refusal.
(c) All statements, samples, and other information and materials submitted in connection with a request for certification shall be considered to be part of such request.
(d) Compliance of a drug with the standards of identity, strength, quality, and purity prescribed by regulations in this chapter shall be deter
(a) A certificate shall not become ef fective:
(1) If it is obtained through fraud or through misrepresentation or concealment of a material fact;
(2) With respect to any package unless it complies with the packaging requirements, if any, prescribed by the regulations in this chapter which were in effect on the date of the certificate;
(3) With respect to any package unless its label and labeling bear all words, statements, and other information required by the regulations in this chapter; or
(4) With respect to any package of a certifiable antibiotic drug subject to the regulations in this chapter, when it is included in a packaged combination with another drug, unless such other drug complies with the requirements of the regulations in this chapter.
(b) A certificate shall cease to be effective:
(1) With respect to any immediate container after the expiration date, if any, prescribed by the regulations in this chapter;
(2) With respect to any immediate container when it or its seal (if the regulations in this chapter require it to be fails to meet the requirements of the regulations in this chapter; or
(6) With respect to any immediate container, if such regulations require its labeling to bear a caution against dispensing otherwise than on prescription, at the beginning of the act of dispensing or offering to dispense it otherwise than:
(1) By a practitioner licensed by law to administer such drug; or
(ii) On his prescription issued in his professional practice.
sealed) is broken, or when its label or labeling is altered, multilated, destroyed, obliterated, or removed in whole or in part, or ceases to conform to any labeling requirement prescribed by the regulations in this chapter, except that:
(i) If the drug in such container is repacked or used as an ingredient in the manufacture of another drug, and certification of the batch thus made is requested, such certificate shall continue to be effective for a reasonable time to permit certification or destruction of such batch;
(ii) If the drug is in a container packaged for dispensing and is used in compounding a prescription issued by a practitioner licensed by law to administer such drug, such certificate shall continue to be effective for a reasonable time to permit the delivery of the drug compounded on such prescription; or
(iii) If its label or labeling is removed in whole or in part for the purpose of relabeling and supplemental certification of the relabeled drug is requested, as provided by $433.12 of this chapter.
(3) With respect to any immediate container of penicillin when it is included in the packaged combination penicillin with aluminum hydroxide gel or penicillin with a vasoconstrictor, or to any immediate container of bacitracin when it is included in the packaged combination bacitracin with a vasoconstrictor, except that when certification of the batch so included is requested, such certificate shall continue to be effective for a reasonable time to permit certification of such batch which is part of such combination;
(4) With respect to any package when the drug therein fails to meet the standards of identity, strength, quality, and purity which were in effect on the date of the certificate; except that those minor changes which occur before the expiration date and which are normal and unavoidable in good storage and distribution practice shall be disregarded.
(5) With respect to any package of a certifiable antibiotic drug subject to the regulations in this chapter, included in a packaged combination with another drug, when such other drug
8431.12 Certification of antibiotic
drugs after shipment in bulk con
tainers. (a) The Food and Drug Administration has received inquiries from certain interested manufacturers concerning their shipment of certified antibiotics, packaged in bulk containers, to hospitals and pharmacies for repacking or for use in the manufacture of another drug on the order or prescription of a physician. The regulations promulgated under section 507 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 357) do not prohibit the shipment of certified bulk containers of antibiotics to such persons. However, under the provisions of $ 431.11(b)(2)(i), certification should be requested of each repacked batch and of each batch of another drug manufactured from such bulk drug, unless the repackaged drug or other drug has been made exempt from the certification requirements by regulation. The fact that the drug is to be repacked or manufactured on the order or prescription of a physician does not exempt it from the certification requirements of the act. Under the provisions of $ 431.11(b)(2)(ii), it is only when the drug used to compound a prescription is in a container packaged for dispensing that certification of the drug so compounded is not required.
(b) In the light of these provisions, unless the manufacturer and shipper of bulk containers of antibiotics has, with the consignee, an
effective permit issued under $433.16 of this chapter, if the drug is to be repacked, or under $ 433.13 of this chapter if it is to be used in the manufacture of another drug, the shipper has the responsibility of seeing that certification is requested of each repacked batch and of each batch of another drug manufactured from such drug.
§ 431.51 Suspension of certification
When the Commissioner finds that a person has:
8 431.17 Request to provide for certifi
cation of an antibiotic drug. A request under section 507 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to provide for certification of an antibiotic drug is required to comply with the procedures and meet the requirements applicable to the submission to the Food and Drug Administration and review by the agency of applications and abbreviated applications, and amendments and supplements to them, under part 314 of this chapter.
[50 FR 7516, Feb. 22, 1985)
8 431.20 Disposition of outdated drugs.
When certification becomes invalid because the expiration date is passed, such articles should not be disposed of for drug use either through commercial or charitable channels unless the articles have been assayed to establish potency and recertified.
(a) Obtained or attempted to obtain a certificate through fraud or through misrepresentation or concealment of a material fact; or
(b) Falsified the records required to be kept by $431.61; or
(c) Failed to keep such records or to make them available, or to accord full opportunity to take an inventory of stocks on hand, or otherwise to check the correctness of such records as required by $ 431.61; or
(d) Failed to establish a system for maintaining the records required by $314.81 of this chapter or has repeatedly or deliberately failed to maintain such records or to make required reports in accordance with the provisions of that section, or has refused to permit access to, or copying, or verification of such records or reports; or
(e) Failed to conform to the requirements of good manufacturing practice prescribed by parts 210, 211, 225, 226 and 229 of this chapter; the Commissioner will immediately suspend service to such person under the regulations in this chapter. Upon request a hearing will be granted to such person to show cause why such service should be resumed.
$ 431.50 Forms for certification or ex
emption of antibiotic drugs. The following forms which must be supplied in connection with certain certification or exemption procedures for antibiotic drugs may be obtained from the Product Surveillance Branch (HFD-333), Food and Drug Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857.
(39 FR 18934, May 30, 1974, as amended at 40 FR 13497, Mar. 27, 1975; 55 FR 11582, Mar. 29, 1990]
8 431.52 Hearings.
Any person who contests the suspension of certification service under $ 431.51 shall have an opportunity for a regulatory hearing before the Food and Drug Administration pursuant to part 16 of this chapter.
Form 1 Application for exemption for storage. 2 Application for exemption for processing. 3 Application for exemption for labeling. 4 Application for exemption for manufac
turing use. 7 Request for check tests and assays or certification of а.
batch of -(the blank to be filled in with the name of the antibiotic drug). 8 Application for exemption for repacking. 9 Request for supplemental certification of
a batch of an antibiotic drug.
[41 FR 48267, Nov. 2, 1976, as amended at 42 FR 15675, Mar. 22, 1977)
$ 431.53 Fees.
[39 FR 18934, May 30, 1974, as amended at 40 FR 28052, July 3, 1975; 41 FR 10886, Mar. 15, 1976; 50 FR 7516, Feb. 22, 1985; 50 FR 8997, Mar. 6, 1985; 55 FR 11582, Mar. 29, 1990)
(a) Fees for the services rendered under the regulations in this chapter shall be such as are necessary to provide, equip, and maintain an adequate certification service.
(b) The fee for such services with respect to each batch of a drug, certification of which is provided by the regulations in this chapter, shall be $114 for each batch submitted, plus the sum of the fees for all individual tests required for certification of each batch. The minimum tests for each batch shall be those prescribed in the section relating specifically to such drug.
(1) The fee schedule for specific tests required for antibiotic drug certification is as follows:
CHARGEABLE FEE PER TEST Arquad content Benzylpenicilloyl content Bleomycin Butanol content Candicidin potency (special turbidimetric) Capreomycin 1 content ...... Color identity Column chromatography Column chromatographic isomer content Copper content Crystallinity Cycloserine color assay Daunorubicin potency (special turbidimetric) Depressor substance test Disc potency Dissolution test Doxycycline purity (paper chromatography) Free chloride Frozen antibiotic test panel Gas chromatography Gentamicin C Heavy metals test High pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) Infrared identity Infrared quantitative lodochlorhydroxyquin content Isoniazid content Karl Fischer moisture LD50 toxicity Loss on drying Lysine content Melting range Metal particles (ophthalmic ointments) Microbiological assay, plate .... Microbiological assay, turbidimetric Microorganism count Nonaqueous titrations (and compleximetric) Paper chromatographic identity Penicillenate and penamaldate content Penicillin chemical assay .... Penicillin contamination Penicillin G content PH Polarographic assay Potency (special plate) Probenecid content Procaine colorimetric Pyrogens test: 3 rabbits Pyrogens test: 8 rabbits Quantitative thin layer chromatography Residual streptomycin Residue on ignition Solubility identification Specific rotation Specific rotation (potency quantitative) Specific surface area
52 85 121
8 130 65 22
4 27 19 40 52 107 130 54 32 32 165 14 54 19 19 22 22
8 22 50 29 68 22 43 30 15 39 32
4 33 91 32
8 72 144 80
8 26 54 22 44 22
(2) The fee for a supplemental request submitted pursuant to the provisions of $ 433.12 of this chapter shall be $50.
(4) In the case of persons using the certification services and whose manufacturing facilities are not located in the United States or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, such persons shall be required to deposit each year sufficient funds to cover costs encountered when their facilities are inspected pursuant to the provisions of section 704 of the act.
(c) When the Commissioner considers it necessary to make investigations of a new product containing a certifiable antibiotic drug on which a request has been submitted in accordance with $ 431.17, the fee for such service shall be the cost thereof. In such case the request shall be followed by an advance deposit in such amount as the Commissioner specifies, and thereafter such additional advance deposits shall be made as the Commissioner estimates may be necessary to prevent arrears in the payment of such fee.
(d) A person requiring continuing certification services may maintain an advance deposit of the estimated cost of such services for a two-month period. Such deposit shall be debited with fees for services rendered, but shall not be debited for any fee the amount of which is not definitely specified in the regulations in this chapter unless the depositor has previously requested the performance of the services to be covered by such fee. A monthly statement for each such advance deposit shall be rendered.
(e) The fees for the services rendered with respect to each batch 'certified under the regulations in this chapter shall accompany the request for certification, or the request for check tests and assays, unless such fee is covered by an advance deposit maintained in accordance with paragraph (d) of