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after having written them will notice how readily they can lighten the text by substituting simple words for others of a ponderous character. No ambiguous statement should be retained. All verbosity ought to be eliminated.
No manuscript should be corrected as if it were a proof. All alterations required should be plainly marked in the body of the subject-matter—not in the margin, as is done on a proof. Whenever an abbreviation or an abbreviated word is to be printed in full, a circle should be drawn around it with a pen and ink.
HOW TO SECURE THE BEST RESULTS
FROM THE PRINTER
By following seriatim the suggestions made below, the author will secure the best results from the printer.
1. Indicate paragraphs clearly. If attention has not been paid to paragraphing while the subject-matter was in preparation, the paragraph may be indicated by marking on the manuscript the symbol wherever a paragraph is required.
2. Underline all titles—as, of chapters, sections, etc.—clearly; also all passages which require emphasis. Note that a single line drawn under a word denotes that it is to be set in italic type; that two lines denote the word is to be set in SMALL CAPITALS; that three lines denote it should be set in FULL CAPITALS;
that four lines denote it should be set in ITALIC
CAPITALS; that a single wave-line denotes
it should be set in lower-case bold-faced type (there are several varieties of this); and that a double wave-underline denotes it should be set in BOLD-FACED CAPITALS.
3. Indicate side-heads which are to aline with the rest of the type-matter with an underlineas, for italics, small capitals, bold-face, etc.
EXAMPLE OF A SIDE-HEAD
Principal Kinds of Inscriptions. The great bulk of Greek and Latin Jewish inscriptions are on tombstones; texts not of this character are quite the exception.
If a side-note is required it should be marked on the manuscript on the side where it is to be set. This may be done by writing the words of the side-note in a box; so:
or in a three-quarter
EXAMPLE OF A SIDE-NOTE
fortresses doubtless had been oc.
fortified. Its most vulnerable point was the River Khausar, which ran through the city, and which, while serving for defense, might be turned also to its destruction.
4. Write all new matter to be added, if more than one line in extent, on a separate sheet, and indicate clearly the place for its insertion. If one line or less, write addition between the lines, using a caret (1) to show where it should be inserted. If one page or more, the folio number should be followed by an alphabetical sign, as 23a, 235, 236, to indicate that matter added is to follow regular page 23
5. When illustrations are to be inserted in the text, a complete list of same should accompany it. The author should indicate on the margin of his manuscript the specific illustration to be inserted at a given point. This may be done by numbering the illustrations in the order in which they are to be used, and by marking corresponding numbers on the margin of the text itself.
6. Great care should be taken to spell all proper names or technical terms correctly and uniformly, and to use capital letters only where necessary.
7. If a work consists of several parts, a contents of the whole, showing the arrangement required, should accompany the manuscript.
8. Indicate foot-notes by number in the body of the text, and mark the foot-note itself with a number corresponding to that in the text. All foot-notes should be written in ink of a different color from that of the text. They may be written at the bottom of a page of manuscript, or preferably, on a separate slip which can be pasted where required.
9. The elimination of matter not required is best indicated by drawing through it a horizontal line. If, however, more than a word or two, or a line, are to be struck out, a stroke of the pen drawn obliquely across the rejected matter will suffice. If an entire page, or more than a page, is to be omitted, the folios of the page or pages omitted should be written after the folio of the page that precedes the matter to be omitted.
For example, if an author wishes to omit four pages of matter following page 25 of his manuscript (and desires to avoid renumbering his entire manuscript), he should remove them, and on
page 25 write the folios 25-29, which serve to indicate that page 25 stands for its own number and for the numbers of the missing pages 26, 27, 28, and 29.
10. Matter that should be set in type smaller than the text is indicated on a manuscript by drawing a single line down its left side; for example:
Put forth thy hand, in God's name; know that “impossible,” where Truth and Mercy, and the everlasting Voices of Nature order, has no place in the brave man's dictionary. That when all men have said “ impossible,” and tumbled noisily elsewhither, and thou alone art left, then first thy time and possibility have come. It is for thee now; do thou that, and ask no man's counsel but thy own only, and God's. Brother, thou hast possibility in thee for much; the possibility of writing on the eternal skies the record of a heroic life.-CARLYLE.
Matter to be set in still smaller type is indicated by drawing two lines down its left side; for example:
The man who is worthy of being a leader of men will never complain of the stupidity of his helpers, of the ingratitude of mankind, or of the inappreciation of the public. These things are all a part of the great game of life; and to meet them and not go down before them in discouragement and defeat, is the final proof of power.-ELBERT HUBBARD (Technical World).