Lapas attēli

faint, feint fair, fare feat, feet find, fined fiea, flee flew, fiue fore, four foul, fowl freeze, frieze furs, furze gait, gate gilt, guilt grate, great grater, greater grocer, grosser hail, hale hair, hare hall, haul hart, heart heal, heel hear, here hide, hied higher, hire hoard, horde holed, hold indite, indict jam, jamb key, quay knight, night knot, not know, no lane, lain lead, led leak, leek lessen, lesson lie, lye limb, limn load, lowed loan, lone lynx, links maid, made male, mail


main profit, prophet mantel, mantle quartz, quarts marshal, martial quire, choir maze, maize

rain, reign, rein mead, meed

rap, wrap mean,

mien raise, rays, raze meat, meet, mete read, reed metal, mettle retch, wretch mews, muse right, rite, write might, mite

rime, rhyme miner, minor ring, wring moan, mown road, rode, rowed moat, mote

roe, row mode, mowed sail, sale muscle, mussel

scene, seen mustard, mustered sea, see nay, neigh

seam, seem nave, knave

shear, sheer new,

knew size, sighs night, knight sleight, slight nun, none

sold, soled oar, ore

so, sew, sow ode, owed

soar, sore one, won

some, sum our, hour

son, sun pail, pale

stake, steak pall, pawl

stair, stare pain, pane

stationary, stapair, pare, pear

tionery pause, pawse steal, steel peace, piece

storey, story peal, peel

straight, strait
peer, pier

sweet, suite
plaid, played sword, soared
plain, plane tacks, tax
plait, plate tail, tale
plum, plumb tare, tear
pole, poll

team, teem
pore, pour

throe, throw pray, prey

throne, thrown principal, prin- tide, tied ciple

tier, tear

time, thyme to, too, two toe, tow told, tolled ton, tun travel, travail treatise, treaties

vain, vane, vein vale, veil wade, weighed wait, weight waist, waste wave, waive way, weigh

wear, ware week, weak ween, wean wether, weather wood, would yoke, yolk you, ewe, yew




The following rules are recommended by the American Philological Association, the Spelling Reform Association, and the Philological Society of England, and are included here to serve as guides to authors and others in sympathy with the efforts being made to secure a logical and simpler form of orthography. All words affected by these rules are to be found in the vocabulary of the “Standard Dictionary”; in recording the new phonetic forms the editor has not introduced any theories of his own.

Rule 1

(1) Change final “ed” to “t” when so pronounced, as in abashed (abasht), wished (wisht), etc., and, if a double consonant precedes, drop one of the consonants, as in chipped (chipt), dressed (drest), hopped (hopt), etc.

(2) Retain final “ ed” when the “e” affects a preceding sound.

(a) When the preceding vowel sound is long and expressed by a single letter, as the following: baked, not bakt, as bakt gaped, not gapt

would be pronounced backed chafed, not chaft caked, not cakt

coped, not copt craped, not crapt

moped, not mopt draped, not drapt

roped, not ropt N.B. -The "e" does not affect the preceding vowel sound when expressed by two or more letters, as in booked (bookt), bleached (bleacht), crouched (croucht).

(6) When a preceding “C” has the sound of "s," as in chanced (not chanct), forced (not forct), faced (not fact), etc.

Rule 2 (1) Drop “ue" at the end of words when the preceding vowel is short or a diphthong, as in dialogue, catalogue, etc. Thus, spell dialog, catalog, demagog, epilog, synagog, etc.

(2) Retain "ue" when the preceding single vowel is long, as in prorogue, vogue, disembogue, pirogue, plague, vague, fatigue.

Rule 3

(1) Drop final “e” from words ending in "ite” when the “i” is short, as hypocrit, opposit, preterit, requisit, etc.

(2) Retain final “ewhen the “i” is long, as in finite, polite, unite, etc,

Rule 4

Drop final “te" in words like cigarette, coquette, quartette, etc. Thus, spell coquet, epaulet, quartet, and all words of the same class which are Anglicized.

Rule 5

(1) Drop final“

'me" in words like programme, and spell program.

(2) Retain final me” in written medical prescriptions, where the form gram might be mistaken for grain, and cause serious error.

Rule 6

(1) Drop final “e” from words ending in “ile” when the “i” is short, as in fragille, ductil(e, etc.

(2) Retain final “ e” when the “i” is long, as in gentile, exile, etc.

Rule 7

(1) Drop final "e" from words ending in “ine" when the "i" is short, as in disciplin(e, doctrin(e, feminin(e, etc.

(2) Retain final “e” when the “i” is long, as in sunshine, asinine, machine, etc.

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