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NATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION
ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION ACT
AN ACT To authorize appropriations for the National Telecommunications and
Information Administration, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the “Telecommunications Authorization Act of 1992”. 1
TITLE 1-NATIONAL TELECOMMUNI
CATIONS AND INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION
PART A-ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS
SEC. 101. (47 U.S.C. 901 note] SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the “National Telecommunications and Information Administration Organization Act”. SEC. 102. (47 U.S.C. 901) DEFINITIONS; FINDINGS; POLICY. (a) DEFINITIONS.-In this title, the following definitions apply:
(1) The term “NTIA” means the National Telecommunications and Information Administration.
(2) The term “Assistant Secretary” means the Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information.
(3) The term "Secretary” means the Secretary of Commerce.
(4) The term “Commission” means the Federal Communications Commission.
(5) The term “Corporation” means the Communications Satellite Corporation authorized in title III of the Communications Satellite Act of 1962 (47 U.S.C. 731 et seq.). (b) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds the following:
(1) Telecommunications and information are vital to the public welfare, national security, and competitiveness of the United States.
(2) Rapid technological advances being made in the telecommunications and information fields make it imperative that the United States maintain effective national and international policies and programs capable of taking advantage of continued advancements.
1 Public Law 102–538, 106 Stat. 3533, approved Oct. 27, 1992.
(3) Telecommunications and information policies and recommendations advancing the strategic interests and the international competitiveness of the United States are essential aspects of the Nation's involvement in international commerce.
(4) There is a critical need for competent and effective telecommunications and information research and analysis and national and international policy development, advice, and advocacy by the executive branch of the Federal Government.
(5) As one of the largest users of the Nation's telecommunications facilities and resources, the Federal Government must manage its radio spectrum use and other internal communications operations in the most efficient and effective manner possible.
(6) It is in the national interest to codify the authority of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration, an agency in the Department of Commerce, as the executive branch agency principally responsible for advising the President on telecommunications and information policies, and for carrying out the related functions it currently performs, as reflected in Executive Order 12046.
(c) POLICY.—The NTIA shall seek to advance the following policies:
(1) Promoting the benefits of technological development in the United States for all users of telecommunications and information facilities.
(2) Fostering national safety and security, economic prosperity, and the delivery of critical social services through telecommunications.
(3) Facilitating and contributing to the full development of competition, efficiency, and the free flow of commerce in domestic and international telecommunications markets.
(4) Fostering full and efficient use of telecommunications resources, including effective use of the radio spectrum by the Federal Government, in a manner which encourages the most beneficial uses thereof in the public interest.
(5) Furthering scientific knowledge about telecommunications and information. SEC. 103. (47 U.S.C. 902) ESTABLISHMENT; ASSIGNED FUNCTIONS. (a) ESTABLISHMENT.
(1) ADMINISTRATION.—There shall be within the Department of Commerce an administration to be known as the National Telecommunications and Information Administration.
(2) HEAD OF ADMINISTRATION.—The head of the NTIA shall be an Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and Information, who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. (b) ASSIGNED FUNCTIONS.
(1) IN GENERAL.-Subject to section 105(d), the Secretary shall assign to the Assistant Secretary and the NTIA responsibility for the performance of the Secretary's communications and information functions.
(2) COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION FUNCTIONS.-Subject to section 105(d), the functions to be assigned by the Secretary under paragraph (1) include (but are not limited to) the following functions transferred to the Secretary by Reorganization Plan Number 1 of 1977 and Executive Order 12046:
(A) The authority delegated by the President to the Secretary to assign frequencies to radio stations or classes of radio stations belonging to and operated by the United States, including the authority to amend, modify, or revoke such assignments, but not including the authority to make final disposition of appeals from frequency assignments.
(B) The authority to authorize a foreign government to construct and operate a radio station at the seat of Government of the United States, but only upon recommendation of the Secretary of State and after consultation with the Attorney General and the Chairman of the Commission.
(C) Functions relating to the communications satellite system, including authority vested in the President by section 201(a) of the Communications Satellite Act of 1962 (47 U.S.C. 721(a)) and delegated to the Secretary under Executive Order 12046, to
(i) aid in the planning and development of the commercial communications satellite system and the execution of a national program for the operation of such a system;
(ii) conduct a continuous review of all phases of the development and operation of such system, including the activities of the Corporation;
(iii) coordinate, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the activities of governmental agencies with responsibilities in the field of telecommunications, so as to ensure that there is full and effective compliance at all times with the policies set forth in the Communications Satellite Act of 1962;
(iv) make recommendations to the President and others as appropriate, with respect to steps necessary to ensure the availability and appropriate utilization of the communications satellite system for general governmental purposes in consonance with section 201(a)(6) of the Communications Satellite Act of 1962 (47 U.S.C. 721(a)(6));
(v) help attain coordinated and efficient use of the electromagnetic spectrum and the technical compatibility of the communications satellite system with existing communications facilities both in the United States and abroad;
(vi) assist in the preparation of Presidential action documents for consideration by the President as may be appropriate under section 201(a) of the Communications Satellite Act of 1962 (47 U.S.C. 721(a)), make necessary recommendations to the President in connection therewith, and keep the President informed with respect to the carrying out of the Communications Satellite Act of 1962, and
(vii) serve as the chief point of liaison between the President and the Corporation.
(D) The authority to serve as the President's principal adviser on telecommunications policies pertaining to the Nation's economic and technological advancement and to the regulation of the telecommunications industry.
(E) The authority to advise the Director of the Office of Management and Budget on the development of policies relating to the procurement and management of Federal telecommunications systems.
(F) The authority to conduct studies and evaluations concerning telecommunications research and development and concerning the initiation, improvement, expansion, testing, operation, and use of Federal telecommunications systems and advising agencies of the results of such studies and evaluations. (G) Functions which involve
(i) developing and setting forth, in coordination with the Secretary of State and other interested agencies, plans, policies, and programs which relate to international telecommunications issues, conferences, and negotiations;
(ii) coordinating economic, technical, operational, and related preparations for United States participation in international telecommunications conferences and negotiations; and
(iii) providing advice and assistance to the Secretary of State on international telecommunications policies to strengthen the position and serve the best interests of the United States in support of the Secretary of State's responsibility for the conduct of foreign affairs.
(H) The authority to provide for the coordination of the telecommunications activities of the executive branch and assist in the formulation of policies and standards for those activities, including (but not limited to) considerations of interoperability, privacy, security, spectrum use, and emergency readiness.
(I) The authority to develop and set forth telecommunications policies pertaining to the Nation's economic and technological advancement and to the regulation of the telecommunications industry.
(J) The responsibility to ensure that the views of the executive branch on telecommunications matters are effectively presented to the Commission and, in coordination with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, to the Congress.
(K) The authority to establish policies concerning spectrum assignments and use by radio stations belonging to and operated by the United States. (L) Functions which involve
(i) developing, in cooperation with the Commission, a comprehensive long-range plan for improved