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by working alone. The Extension specialists have worked together in doing systematic educational work along various lines. The most important of these are as follows:

EXTENSION SCHOOLS—Extension Schools continue to be one of our most effective methods of teaching. The school is conducted for four days, beginning Tuesday morning and continuing until Friday night. The local expenses are met by the community; all other expenses are met by the Extension Service. In most schools courses in agriculture and home economics are given. Experience has proved that not more than three courses in agriculture should be given in any one school. Local responsibility for securing attendance and making all necessary local arrangements is necessary for the success of the school. The schools in agriculture are ranted only in real farm. ing communities. The home economics school can be extended to urban communities. During the past two years twenty-one schools in agriculture and nineteen in home economics have been held, with a total attendance of 697 persons.

FARMERS' INSTITUTES-Farmers' 'Institutes in Connecticut are conducted by the Extension Service. Our Institute programs are for one day only. Institutes are granted upon request from the community or the County Agent. The Institute still occupies an important place in this State as a means of inspiration and instruction in farming and household problems. During the past two years forty Institutes have been held with a total attendance of 2257 persons.

FARMERS' WEEK–Farmers' Week has become an annual event at Storrs. The date set for the Farmers' Week is the first week in August. There has been an average attendance in the last two years of approximately 250 persons. Although in view of the severe farm labor shortage, this number represents a fair attendance, it is hoped that in the future our Farmers' Week at Storrs will be much more largely attended than ever before. The program is such as should attract men, women, boys and girls. This meeting is held in cooperation with the State Agricultural societies.

FAIR EXHIBITS—For the past two years the Extension Service has cooperated with the Council of Defense in fair exhibits. The Extension staff has made up exhibits and has been in attendance at the fairs. The Council of Defense has financed the exhibits and taken care of routing. Through this cooperation it has been possible to reach a large number of fairs. A total of fourteen in 1917 and twelve in 1918 were attended. (A number of fairs were given up in 1918, on account of the influenza epidemic.) Two complete exhibits occupylag tents 40x80 and 40x60 respectively have been sent to the fairs. On the whole these exhibits attracted more interest at the smaller agricultural fairs than at the larger fairs. The fair exhibit work, although dificult to measure in actual results, has been without question very much worth while.



FRUIT GROWING—Available funds have not permitted the Extension Service to take up fruit work as extensively as the industry in this State warrants. Through a cooperative arrangement with the Horticultural department of the College an endeavor has been made to answer all inquiries and occasionally to make important farm visits upon request. It is hoped that another year sufficient funds will be available to provide a full time Extension man for fruit work.

VEGETABLE GARDENING-The Extension Service has no specialist in vegetable growing. During the past two years, however, the Extension Service has cooperated with the Committee of Food Supply of Council of Defense in stimulating the home garden movement. As a result, thousands of families who had never thought of having a garden before have had gardens. A large number of these families will never be satisfied again without a garden in which to raise the family supply of vegetables. It is hoped that this interest in the home garden may be maintained and developed to the point where every farm and every suburban home that has a small piece of land will have a garden with which to supply the vegetable needs of the family. The Extension Service, as soon as funds permit, contemplates having a well-trained vegetable gardening man on its staff, who will not only head up this garden movement, but who will be available to assist market gardeners in their problems.

COTTAGE CHEESE WORK—During the summer of 1918 Miss Eleanor Moss was added to the Extension staff to give demonstrations to the housewives in making cottage cheese. The purpose of this work was to save the surplus skim milk by converting it into edible form as a meat substitute. A total of 118 demonstrations and meetings was held, with a total attendance of 3,500. There was very general interest among the country women especially. This probably was one of the most successful pieces of demonstration work that the Extension Service has conducted. It was financed entirely by the Dairy Division of the U. S. Department of Agriculture. The work was discontinued at the close of the summer when the milk surplus had disappeared. This demonstration work would undoubtedly be of great value each year just prior to and during the flush period for milk.

ENTOMOLOGY—Through the cooperation of the Bureau of En. tomology of the U. S. Department of Agriculture an Extension Entomologist was placed in Connecticut in March, 1918. His efforts have been devoted mainly to the control of vegetable insects. The greatest value of this service has been in teaching home gardeners how to protect their vegetables from insect pests, and in assistance to supervisors of community and city gardens. The work has been supported entirely from Federal Emergency funds. In all probability it will be continued during 1918-1919.

COUNTY AGRICULTURAL AGENTS—The County Agricultural Agent work has fully established itself on a permanent basis during the past two years. Not only have farmers come to appreciate the County Agricultural Agent as being indispensable in improving agricultural conditions, but men in other lines of business have indorsed the agricultural ageat work, and contributed to the support of it with their influence and financial backing.

JUNIOR EXTENSION, INCLUDING BOYS' AND GIRLS' CLUBSThe Boys' and Girls' work has grown rapidly under the stimulus of war conditions. Each county in the State now has a county Boys' and Girls' worker. No work has been more enthusiastically supported than our work with juniors. Men and women have volunteered is large numbers as local leaders for the purpose of assisting the boys and girls in carrying through their work to completion. This work among our juniors is the most fundamental and far reaching work being done by the Extension Service, since it is work done with those who in a few years will be in charge not only of our economic but also of our social, educational, religious, and community welfare. Giving to the boys and girls useful employment, and at the same time creating the right point of view towards life is a service the value of which can not be overestimated. It is fortunate that the Exten. sion Service early in its existence began this work. The Boys' and Girls' work has a very close relationship to the school system and there is need that schools in the State may be brought into closer relationship with the Junior Extension work. A carefully coordinated and well defined program between the Extension Service of the Col. lege and the school system can not fail to be of the highest value to the boys and girls of the State.

HOME ECONOMICS—The urgent need for conservation of food supplies, the necessity for maintaining the health of the family and for carrying on our household work with the decreased labor supply resulted in Congress appropriating to the Department of Agriculture sufficient funds to inaugurate the home economics work on a more extensive scale. The development of the household program to meet the fundamental problems of the home and the community especially with reference to conservation of labor, proper recreation and in maintaining the health of the family will perform to the State and the nation a service of the utmost importance. The home economics work also constitutes one of the most effective means for Americanization of our citizens of foreign nationality. It should be of increasing service to both rural and urban communities.

MARKETING—Marketing is another leading phase of our Extension activities. Though the marketing work has been under way only two years, its development has already made considerable progress. The work has grown far beyond the capacity of one man. This last year, due to the support from the Bureau of Markets of the Department of Agriculture, four assistants were provided to supervise public wholesale markets in Bridgeport, New Haven, Hartford, and Waterbury respectively. This market reporting service has met with very general demand, and its extension to other large cities, and to smaller communities is being called for. Already plans are under way to bring this about, provided State funds can be secured to meet the Federal contribution. The marketing work is essential to the development of a sound, prosperous agriculture. The marketing work renders a service to the consumer as well as to the producer. COOPERATION WITH THE U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

The U. S. Department of Agriculture has been from the beginning of organized Extension work a very vital factor in the development of our program. Beginning with the support of some of the more import. ant State Extension specialists, the Department has extended its financial assistance to the County Agricultural Agent, to Boys' and Girls' Club leaders, and the Home Demonstration Agents. The rapid development of the Extension Service has been due in a large measure to the cooperation received from the U. S. Department of Agriculture. COOPERATION WITH THE FOOD COMMITTEE OF THE STATE COUNCIL OF DEFENSE AND WITH THE U. S. FOOD

ADMINISTRATION. Upon the declaration of war, the trustees of the College offered the services of our institution to the Food Committee of the State Council of Defense. The Extension Service upon invitation placed our State Leader of County Agents, Mr. I. G. Davis, in the ofice of the Food Committee in Hartford. This was a fortunate arrangement in that the Council of Defense was brought into intimate relationship with the Extension Service. Through this connection our agricultural specialists were brought into consultation in the making and development of the Food Committee's program. Our Farm Bureaus with their agents became the active field agents of the Food Committee in all agricultural production work.

The Extension Service also placed Miss M. E. Sprague at the service of the Food Administration to have charge of the food conservation work. Miss Sprague was made Home Economics Director for the Food Administration in Connecticut. In this capacity she not only coordinated all women's organizations in the State into one harmonious agency, but she also contributed invaluable service in developing the work of our Home Demonstration Agents in such a way as to make their energies count most effectively in food conservation. At the same time her work has resulted in placing the Home Demon. stration work on such a basis that the housewives generally appreciate the value of this assistance in meeting their fundamental home problems. As in the case of our Agricultural Agents, the women agents of the Extension Service and the Farm Bureaus have been a strong force in carrying through successfully the Food Administration program.


The Junior Food Army Committee of the Committee of Food Supply, with Mrs. Samuel Russell as chairman, was responsible in a large measure for the enlistment of fifty thousand boys and girls in food production and food conservation. The Boys' and Girls' Club work which the Connecticut Agricultural College and the U. S. Department of Agriculture have been carrying on for several years served as a basis for developing the Junior Food Army program. Mr. A. J. Brundage, State Leader, for Junior Extension work, and the County Club Leaders, carried out the plans and program of the Junior Food Army Committee. Again the work of the Food Committee of the Council of Defense was carried out through our already existing Extension organization, resulting in harmonious relationships and successful achievement.

The marketing work of the Council of Defense was coordinated with the marketing work already begun by the Extension Service. Mr. Guy C. Smith, our Extension Agent in Marketing, became the representative of the Food Committee of the Council of Defense in all matters relating to marketing and distribution of food products. This connection opened up many possibilities, and responsible for important developments in our marketing program.

The publicity work of the Food Committee was also headed up by the publicity agent of the Extension Service, Mr. Glenn H. Campbell, until his resignation. After that time the work was carried on by Professor William F. Kirkpatrick of the Poultry Department of the College. Probably no more important work was carried on during the year than that which resulted from the work done in this connection. The educational publicity in connection with our agricultural production and home economics program has been in harmony with and a part of the field activities of our College and Farm Bureau agents. Through this connection with the Food Committee of the Council of Defense it has been possible for us to get much greater response on the part of the press than we have ever been able to get under normal condition. It is hoped that the connection which has been established during the war will be maintained.

COORDINATION OF EXTENSION ACTIVITIES–One of the most important problems in the development of our Extension Service is the proper coordination of the different lines of work. Our entire Extension staff appreciate the necessity of no duplication, and are all work. ing together to that end. As a result of series of conferences to aid proper coordination of all Extension activities, a program committee on Extension work has been appointed by the Extension Director. This committee considers all plans of work and programs before they are finally adopted.

EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT—Since our Extension staff can come in personal contact with only a small percentage of our people, it has become necessary that the Extension Service make use of other means of Extension teaching. The medium of the press is without doubt one

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