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control of contagious diseases and for the care of other cases of illness or injury.
8. DAIRY BARN:-The herd, composed of representatives of the dairy breeds of cattle, is kept for instruction and experimental purposes. The product of the herd is sold in the form of milk, cream and butter to the boarding club and faculty, families. The amount of milk produced, however, is not sufficient to supply the demand, making it necessary to purchase a considerable amount of dairy products dur. ing each month of the college year. The Dairy barn should be en. larged, therefore, and the size of the herd increased to at least double the number of milking animals.
9. FORGING SHOP AND EQUIPMENT:-A course in forging is offered to the students of the School of Agriculture and to the students in the College of Mechanic Arts. At the present time the equipment of ten forges with anvils and necessary tools is installed in a leased shop near the campus. The equipment is meager, and the accommodations are insufficient for the number of students registering for this work. It is recommended that a building 62x34 feet, 12 feet high, conforming in style of architecture with the Mechanic Arts Building, be erected near it. The cost of such a structure is estimat. ed at $7,000. and equipment at $3,000.
10. CONCRETE ROAD TO EAGLEVILLE:-The Freight station for the College is Eagleville on the Central Vermont Railroad. About 2500 tons of coal are hauled annually from Eagleville to the College, 1500 tons of miscellaneous freight and 2000 tons of building material at a cost of $1.50 a ton. The distance from Eagleville to the College is 2.8 miles and the difference in elevation is 300 feet. A survey has been made and a layout can be obtained with a maximum grade of 5%. The legislation of 1915 made the road from Storrs to Eagleville an auxillary of the trunk line system of the State. When constructed, this road will furnish an access to the College by automobile by way of the improved roads centering in Willimantic from various parts of the State.
11. WATER SUPPLY:-The Water consumption of the College is from 60,000 to 75,000 gallons per day. The main supply is obtained from a well of five inch bore, drilled through solid rock to a depth of 800 feet. This well yields 50 gallons per minute and is being used to full capacity. A second well, with eight inch bore, was drilled in the summer of 1918 to a depth of 1100 feet. The flow of the well is much below expectations yielding on test 15 gallons per minute. During the past year a dam was constructed about 1000 feet west of the Dining Hall. The water from the reservoir is conducted by gravity to supply the Dairy Building and Dairy and Horse Barns. An additional supply of water is needed. Surface water can be obtained suitable for use at the Power Plant, Greenhouses and for shower baths and for flushing toilets in the dormitories. An appropriation is needed for pipe line pump and storage tank.
12. SEED HOUSE FOR EXPERIMENT STATION:-In the conduct of crop experiments, and the development of pure strains of plants true to type, it is essential that seeds be carried over from season to season through a period of years. The department of agronomy is in need of a house where seeds can be kept dry and secure.
The Whitney Barn should be moved from its present location to the experimental field to be used for the storage of crops and tools.
13. CARPENTER SHOP:-The superintendent of buildings is expected to carry in stock a supply of lumber, hardware and cement, plumbing, painting and electrical supplies used in repairs to buildings, and the maintenance of the plant. A building is needed to house repair and building supplies and to provide accommodations for carpenter, plumbing and paint shops.
14. APIARY:-The College has purchased forty colonies of Italian bees. Mr. Lloyd R. Watson, a specialist in bee culture, has been en. gaged to give instruction to students at the College and to engage in extension work in a apiculture throughout the State. A building is needed in which equipment for demonstration and instruction in this subjects can be stored and exhibited.
15. ORNAMENTAL PLANTING:-Charles N. Lowrie was gaged in 1910 to prepare a plan for the laying out of the campus with respect to its future growth, taking into account the location and grouping of buildings, laying out of walks and drives, and orna. mental planting. By means of a well studied plan, convenience and economy of circulation should be secured. Furthermore, the effect upon students and others of fine surroundings and landscape scenery is of great importance and should have far reaching results where so much of the time is spent in the open air as is at an Agricultural College. Funds should be available each year for the construction of walks and drives and for the ornamental planting of the campus.
16. FRUIT STORAGE AND REFRIGERATION:--A refrigerating room and a packing room for fruit and vegetables are needed as an addition to the equipment of the Horticultural Department. With the crops now harvested there is much waste and loss of fruit due to improper facilities for handling and packing. The cost of a fruit storage building and vegetable cellar and refrigerating room is estimated at $15,000.
17. FIRE PROTECTION:-The value of college buildings and contents is over $850,000. The average rate for insurance is .48 a hundred, which is as low as could be expected under present conditions. The cost to the college for insurance is about $3,500. a year. With adequate facilities for fire protection, there should be a material reduction in the cost of insurance and greater safety for both lives and property.
18. AGRONOMY BUILDING:-A building is needed for instruc. tion in Agronomy. One wing of the proposed building, The Farm Machinery Laboratory, was erected in 1915. Provision should now be made for the erection of the main structure to provide crops laboratories, soils laboratories, class rooms, offices and storage rooms for supplies and equipment.
19. DORMITORIES:-Two dormitories have been erected de signed to accommodate 66 students each. The number of male students enrolled in the college and school of agriculture and in the winter short courses is in excess of normal accommodations, resulting in an over crowding of living quarters.
It will not be wise to attract or receive additional students, until needed buildings and equipment are provided for adequate instruction to students now registered, or will it be desirable to build additional dormitories until the money for maintenance of the institution as a whole be increased to an amount suficient for the upkeep of the college at its present size. 20. SCIENCE HALL:-
Agriculture rests upon science. It is no longer urged in any quarter that agricultural instruction should be empirical. It is no longer held that an apprentice course is suficient for the college student in agriculture. The courses of study recom. mended by the Association of Agricultural Colleges provides that one third of the time in the schedule of the four-year course be devoted to the sciences of Chemistry, Physiology, Botany, Zoology, Geology, Entomology, and Bacteriology.
At present the department of Botany is quartered on the second floor of the Horticultural Building and the department of Physics m the attic of the Horticultural Building, the department of Bacteriology on the third floor of the Dairy Building and the department of Zoology, Geology and Entomology in the Main Building. The laboratories in each case are inadequate in size, and the room thus occupied is need. ed for other purposes. The department of Chemistry occupies a sep arate building. The chemical laboratories are very crowded, and several courses have been omitted on account of the lack of proper facilities. It cannot be too strongly urged that a group of subjects fundamental to agriculture and occupying from one-fourth to one-third of the total time of the students during a four-year course of study shold receive recognition, and that adequate laboratories be provided both for study and research.
21. ADMINISTRATION BUILDING:-The present Administration building was erected in 1890 when the enrollment was about 100 students. The attendance has now doubled and the class rooms are too small. The construction is of wood, and the buildings and valu. able contents, including the library, are in danger of loss by ire. The present building is now used for the following purposes: Offices of the President, Treasurer, and Secretary, Post Office, Library, Col. lege Store, class rooms for the departments of English and Economics, English and Elocution, German, French, History, and Mathematics; class rooms and laboratories for the department of Geology, Zoology and Entomology; Museum of Natural History, Students' Infirmary, Printing Shop, Studio for the department of Music, and a suite of guest rooms.
It is evident from the many uses which this building serves that it cannot be dispensed with until another is erected to take its place. Moreover, the plan of the landscape architect calls for the erection of a fireproof Administration Building. The Administration Building should provide class room accommodations for the academic departments suitable for a student body of at least 400; offices for adminis. tration, the Post Office, Business Office; offices for the director of the Experiment Station and for the director of the Extension Service; temporary accommodations for the Library and Chapel.
SUMMARY. The needs of the college for buildings and improvements are estimated for a period of six years. There may be a difference of opinion as to the relative importance of the several items in the budget, but in gezeral of first importance is the provision of ample funds for the maintenance of the institution as its present size; second, provision of suitable buildings and equipment for the adequate instruction of the students now enrolled; and third, provision for the growth of the institution in number of students. It is believed that a plan for the future growth of the college will tend to a more economical expenditure of funds appropriated for its support. SUMMARY OF THE NEEDS OF THE COLLEGE FOR BUILDINGS AND IMPROVEMENTS, ESTIMATED FOR A
PERIOD OF SIX YEARS. 1. Home Economics Building ..
$100,000.00 2. Dining Hall ..
66,600.00 3. Faculty Cottages
Four Single Cottages $ 269,600.00
62,700.00 4. Farm Improvements Ice House
3,500.00 Drainage of Land
6,460.00 Improvement of Land
12,960.00 5. Temporary Chemical Laboratory
15,000.00 6. Poultry Buildings
Completion of Laying House.. 500.00
625.00 Six 16x16 Colony Houses
3,075.00 7. Student Infirmary