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The representative of any member of class A who shall be a member of the •board of directors shall immediately upon the happening of any such contingencies be dropped from the board of directors.
The royalties, or the right to participate in the royalties, and the rights of the members in the society, shall not be sold or otherwise disposed of by any member, and shall not be the subject of sale or other disposition by voluntary action, operation of law, legal proceedings or otherwise, and no member shall sell, otherwise dispose of, hypothecate, or create a lien upon any royalties accruing, or that may thereafter accrue to him, by virtue of his membership, or any of the rights, privileges, benefits, royalties, or emoluments to which he may be entitled by virtue of his membership.
These articles may be amended by a vote of two-thirds of the members present at any meeting of the society held for the purpose of voting on such amendment.
(Thereupon, at 11.55 o'clock a. m., the joint committee adjourned to meet at 9.30 o'clock a. m. tomorrow, Wednesday, April 7, 1926.)
TO AMEND THE COPYRIGHT ACT
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 7, 1926
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D. C. The committee met, pursuant to adjournment, at 9.30 o'clock A. m., in room 412, Senate Office Building, Senator William M. Butler (chairman) presiding.
Present: Senators Butler (chairman), Metcalf, Shipstead, and Dill; and Representatives Vestal, Bloom, Bowles, Lanham, McLeod, Wefald, Esterly, Goodwin, and Underwood.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order. Mr. Klugh, you may present your first witness.
Mr. KLUGH. Mr. Chairman, the first witness this morning will be Mr. Hanson, representing the American Newspaper Publishers Association.
STATEMENT OF ELISHA HANSON, 502 ALBEE BUILDING, WASHINGTON, DC., REPRESENTING
REPRESENTING THE AMERICAN NEWSPAPER PUBLISHERS ASSOCIATION, 270 MADISON AVENUE, NEW YORK CITY
Mr. HANSON. Mr. Chairman, my name is Elisha Hanson; address, 502 Albee Building, Washington, D. C. I am speaking for the American Newspaper Publishers Association, which has its headquarters at 270 Madison Avenue, New York.
The American Newspaper Publishers Association is a corporation which includes in its membership something like 550 publishers of daily newspapers throughout the United States. The membership includes all of the great metropolitan dailies, and it also includes representative daily newspapers in all of the 48 States of the Union, including both large and small.
It is absolutely a nonprofit organization. It acts, not in the interest of any individual newspaper, but only when the association as a whole takes a position which it believes to be the proper one to take in public matters affecting the newspaper business generally.
At the present time somewhere between 90 and 100 newspapers in the United States either operate their own broadcasting stations or arrange for time on stations operated by other parties. Ever since radio became a public service--and that is what the newspaper publishers regard it--the publishers have been very much interested in the development of radio so far as radio may have an effect on their 93693–26 -f
business, and also so far as radio may affect the public service which they feel they render in their business capacity.
They have three grounds for interest in radio and, of course, in the bill which is pending before you. The first ground is the possible effect, if any, which radio may have on the publishing business, either beneficial or detrimental. The second ground is the possibility of combining radio with the publishing business in the dissemination of news, advertising, and entertainment. The third ground, which they regard as the most important, is the public service which newspapers may render by supplementing their ordinary service by furnishing either news, educational matter, or entertainment over the radio.
During the last two or three years the publishers have been compelled to deal with the American society, with which this committee is familiar. The publishers do not object to dealing with any representative body of authors or others who have material to sell them, but they feel very earnestly that in this matter of broadcasting music over the radio not only is their interest not protected by this society, but the public's interest, which is so vital, is not protected.
The American society does not in its agreement with the publishers offer them 100 per cent protection against infringement of the copyright law, and that is the main reason why the publishers of daily newspapers would like to have this committee arrive at some equitable basis so that the man who possesses a copyright and receives that copyright from the Government, for the benefit of the public, may return to the public a consideration for the rights which the public have conferred upon him.
Representative Bloom. Let me ask you a question, please right there. You say the publishers that are interested. Are you speaking for the 550 publishers whom you represent generally, or are you speaking for the 90 who have broadcasting stations?
Mr. HANSON. I am authorized to speak for the association as a whole, which has directed me to make this appearance.
Representative BLOOM. Then the 550 members of the American Newspaper Publishers Association approve this bill the way it stands?
Mr. Hanson. They approve of the purpose of this bill, although there may be details of this bill which they would not approve. I am merely speaking of the purpose of the bill, which is to permit the broadcasting of music, and music only on a basis which the Congress may regard as fair to the public, in return for the right which the Congress gives to the owner of the copyright.
Representative Bloom. Do you approve of the bill the way it stands to-day? That is,' does your association approve it?
Mr. HANSON. There are some features of the bill which I shall not go into now that I think our association would not approve of.
Representative Bloom. Mr. Chairman, I think it would be very interesting to know what his association does and what it does not approve of.
The CHAIRMAN. It probably will be, but I think the committee would prefer to have him proceed now with his statement.
Representative Bloom. But he says he does not want to go into that.
Mr. HANSON. I am perfectly willing to go into it.
Representative Bloom. And since we are on the bill, I think we should take that up.
The CHAIRMAN. I think we should let the witness proceed, Mr. Bloom, as he desires, and then when he gets through we will ask him such questions as we desire to ask.
Mr. HANSON. As I say, I expect to make only a very brief statement. The newspaper publishers who are interested in this matter of broadcasting—and as I understand it, the bill before you deals only with the broadcasting of music--would like to have full protection, so that when they put their programs on they shall know exactly what their responsibility is and they believe that the protection which they seek is not only a protect for them, but for the general public.
They are not so much interested in the actual price which is fixed by Congress per piece for the numbers which are rendered over the radio as they are in having Congress fix a price for such numbers are permitted by the owners of the copyright to be broadcast over the radio. In other words, if a copyright owner does not want his music broadcast, there will be no effort on the part of the newspaper broadcasters to compel him to give that privilege. But if he does permit it to be broadcast, they think that in return for the benefit which the public confers on him in giving him a copyright the Congress should protect the public so that they may know in advance what they will have to pay for that broadcasting
Representative Bloom. Do you not think that should apply to everything that is published in a newspaper and that is copyrighted. If they syndicate articles by Frank Crane, Arthur Brisbane, or anyone else, if the broadcaster should pay for the privilege of broadcasting them, don't you think that at the same time we ought to put a price on them--put a price on everything?
Mr. Hanson. Well, my dear Congressman, this bill does not deal with news which is copyrighted in the newspaper, and your question is entirely foreign to the subject before the committee. But if we come down to your question, this bill reserves to the owner of the copyright the right to refuse the privilege of broadcasting. The present copyright law reserves to the owner of a copyright of a newspaper, a magazine, or a book, the right to permit the use of that copyrighted material as he sees fit. Now, if your music publisher or music writer refuses to give the right to broadcast he need worry not at all about this bill. And if the newspaper refuses to give the right to broadcast its copyrighted articles it is in the same position that the music publisher is in.
Representative Bloom. Yes; but let us put a price on it so that if the publisher does give the right to anyone, everyone should have it at that price. In other words, why not broaden the bill to include newspapers and copyrighted articles, syndicated articles, and every thing else? Why pick out the music publisher? You are representing 550 newspapers. Why not make it broad? Why not give everyone the same right?
Mr. Hanson. I do not think the newspapers of the United States would have the slightest objection, in the event Congress should see fit to put a provision in this bill fixing a price on their news at which every broadcaster could broadcast it, provided the newspaper itself authorized the broadcasting thereof.