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RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
IMPROVING CONGRESSIONAL CONTROL

OVER BUDGETARY OUTLAY

AND RECEIPT TOTALS

REPORT

OF THE

JOINT STUDY COMMITTEE
ON BUDGET CONTROL

STANFORD
LIBRARIES

APRIL 18, 1973

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1973

93-859 0

JCB-5-73

JOINT STUDY COMMITTEE ON BUDGET CONTROL

Co-Chairmen JAMIE L. WHITTEN, House Appropriations AL ULLMAN, House Ways and Means

Co-Vice Chairmen JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Senate Appro- RUSSELL B. LONG, Senate Finance priations

HERMAN T. SCHNEEBELI, House Ways ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Senate Appropriations and Means

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LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

this report.

JOINT STUDY COMMITTEE ON BUDGET CONTROL,

Washington, D.C., April 18, 1973. Hon. CARL ALBERT, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Hon. JAMES 0. EASTLAND, President Pro Tempore of the U.S. Senate.

DEAR MR. SPEAKER AND MR. PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE: By direction of the Joint Study Committee on Budget Control, we submit herewith the committee's final report pursuant to the provisions of Public Law 92–599, approved October 27, 1972, (as modified by Senate Concurrent Resolution 8, agreed to February 27, 1973).

Since making its interim report, the committee held hearings from March 6 through March 15, 1973. More than one-half of those who appeared and who submitted written statements were members of the House and Senate who have interested themselves in this problem of Congressional budgetary control. The committee received numerous worthwhile suggestions in these hearings, and many of them have been incorporated in the recommendations which are presented in

Basically the committee in the following report has followed the interim recommendations presented last February. The Joint Study Committee in this report presents institutional changes which it believes will enable Congress to obtain better control over the budget. It does this both by providing procedures for an overall consideration of the budget and at the same time presenting an improved congressional system for determining relative funding priorities.

Part I of this report presents a summary of the committee's recommendations. Part II presents the needs for Congressional budgetary controls, Part III the general objectives of the committee recommendations, and Part IV the specific recommendations of the Joint Study Committee on Budget Control.

This report was adopted unanimously by all members who were able to attend the most recent meeting on April 16. Committee members plan today to introduce a bill which will implement the recommendations contained in this report. The members of the Joint Study Committee also stand ready to assist the Congress in completing the legislative action required to translate their recommendations into an effective operating mechanism.

COCHAIRMEN
JAMIE L. WHITTEN,

House Appropriations
AL ULLMAN,

House Ways and Means.
Co-VICE CHAIRMEN
JOHN L. McCLELLAN,

Senate Appropriations.
ROMAN L. HRUSKA,

Senate Appropriations. RUSSELL B. LONG,

Senate Finance. HERMAN T. SCHNEEBELI,

House Ways and Means.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page.

1
7
16
17

I. Summary

II. Need for Congressional Budgetary Controls.--

III. General Objectives of Committee Recommendations.

IV. Recommendations of Joint Study Committee on Budget Control -

Appendix :

Table 1. Comparative data on the Federal budget estimates

originally submitted to Congress and the final budget

results, fiscal years 1921–74.

Table 2. Outlays, receipts and surpluses or deficits in the unified

budget, Federal funds and trust funds, fiscal years

1960–74

Table 3. Totals of regular annual, supplemental and deficiency

appropriation bills, as enacted, and comparison with

estimates considered, 83d through 92d Congresses--

Table 4. Percentage distributon of total budget outlays by

major functions, fiscal years 1965–74..

Table 5. Appropriation actions, by bill, fiscal years 1969–73

(during the last two sessions of Congress) --

Table 6. Impact of congressional actions on budget totals,

fiscal years 1969–73_.

Table 7. Controllability of budget outlays, fiscal years 1967

and 1974 (estimated) -

Table 8. Analysis of unobligated and obligated balances (end

of year) fiscal year 1973_.

Table 9. Estimated effect of calendar year tax liabilities of tax

actions since 1962_-

Table 10. Aggregate Federal individual income tax liability as a

percentage of adjusted gross income in taxable re-

turns, 1952–71..

Table 11. Relationship of individual income tax receipts and

personal income on national income accounts basis,

calendar years 1951–71.-

Table 12. Comparison of dates of last congressional action on

annual authorizations and related appropriation acts,

90th Congress, 2d session, to 92d Congress 1st

session

Table 13. Authorizations and appropriations by agency and

function, fiscal years 1966–70 (programs with fixed

authorizations only) -

Table 14. Legislative actions relating to the fiscal year 1973

budget

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