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TABLE 12.-COMPARISON OF DATES OF LAST CONGRESSIONAL ACTION ON ANNUAL AUTHORIZATIONS AND

RELATED APPROPRIATION ACTS, 90TH CONG., 2D SESS. TO 92D CONG., IST SESS.

90th Cong.

2d sess.

91 st Cong.,

1st sess.

Annual authorization activities

91st Cong.,

2d sess.

92d Cong.,

1 st sess.

Atomic Energy Commission:

Authorization legislation.

Related appropriation act. Foreign assistance programs:

Authorization legislation.

Related appropriation act. Maritime Administration, Department of Commerce:

Authorization legislation.

Related appropriation act.
Military construction, Department of Defense:

Authorization legislation.

Related appropriation act. Military procurement, R. & D., Department of Defense:

Authorization legislation.

Related appropriation act..
National Aeronautics and Space Administration:

Authorization legislation..

Related appropriation act.. National Science Foundation:

Authorization legislation.

Related appropriation act.
Office of Saline Water, Department of Interior:

Authorization legislation..

Related appropriation act.. Peace Corps:

Authorization legislation.

Related appropriation act.
U. S. Coast Guard, Department of Transportation:

Authorization legislation..
Related appropriation act..

Apr. 8, 19681 July 1, 19691 May 19, 1970 July 31, 1971 July 30, 1968 Dec. 4, 1969 Sept. 23, 1970 Sept. 22, 1971 Sept. 19, 1968 Dec. 19, 1969 Dec. 22, 1970 Jan. 25, 1972 Oct. 11, 1965 Jan. 28, 1970 Dec. 28, 1970 Mar. 2, 1972 July 26, 1968 Sept. 25, 1969 1 May 11, 1970 Jan. 24, 19711 Aug. 1, 1968 Dec. 10, 1969 Oct. 7, 1970 Aug. 3, 1971 July 11, 1968 Nov. 21, 1969 Oct. 14, 1970 Oct. 21, 1971 Sept. 18, 1978 Dec. 19, 1969 Nov. 25, 1970 Nov. 15, 1971 Sept. 11, 1968 Nov. 6, 1969 Oct. 1, 1970 Nov. 11, 1971 Oct. 11, 1968 Dec. 18, 1969 Dec, 29, 1970 Dec. 15, 1971 June 18, 19681 Nov. 7, 1969 1 July 22, 1970 July 28, 1971 Sept. 25, 1968 Nov. 18, 1969 Dec. 7, 1970 Aug. 2, 1971

Nov. 5, 1969 1 July 15, 1970 Aug. 3, 1971 (3)

Nov. 18, 1969 Dec. 7, 1970 Aug. 2, 1971 Apr. 11, 1968 July 1, 1969 Mar. 18, 19701 July 15, 1971 July 11, 1968 Oct. 15, 1969 July 22, 1970 Aug. 2, 1971 June 17, 1968 1 Oct. 16, 1969 1 July 9, 1970 1 Sept. 23, 19711 Oct. 11, 1968 Jan. 28, 1970 Dec. 31, 1970 Mar. 2, 1972 May 27, 1968 1 July 8, 1969 May 7, 19701 Aug. 5, 1971 Aug. 1, 1968 Dec. 19, 1969 Dec. 29, 1970 Aug. 2, 1971

i Congressional action on authorization legislation (usually multiyear authorizations) for other activities included in the same appropriation act was completed later than the specific annual authorization here indicated.

* Annual authorizations for the National Science Foundation were not required for appropriations for period prior to fiscal year 1970 (sec. 14, Public Law 90-407).

Source: Library of Congress.

TABLE 13.-AUTHORIZATIONS AND APPROPRIATIONS BY AGENCY AND FUNCTION, FISCAL YEARS 1966–70 (PROGRAMS WITH FIXED AUTHORIZATIONS ONLY)

(In millions of dollars)

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

Gap
Au- Appro-
thore

Per
ized ated Amount cent1

Gap
Au- Appro-
thor- pri-
ized ated Amount cent 1

prie

Gap
Au- Appro-
thor-
pri-

Per-
ized ated Amount cent 1

Gap
Au- Appro-
thor- pri-
ized ated Amount cent1

Gap
Au- Appro-
thor pri-

Per
ized ated Amount cent 1

Per

Per

14, 246 11, 561

2,685

18.8 15, 192 12, 171

3,021

19.9 17,775 12, 916

4,859

27.3 21, 204 13,337

7,867

37.1 24, 381 15, 928

8, 453

34.7

[blocks in formation]

Agency and function

4, 543
3, 402

769
370

All agencies.
Department of Health,

Education, and

Welfare
Education.
Health and hospitals.

All other.
Department of Trans-

portation.
Highways..
Mass transportation

Airport construction
Department of Hous-

ing and Urban

Development
Public housing-
Urban renewal.

All other.
Office of Economic

Opportunity
Department of the In-

terior.
Construction of

waste treatment

facilities All other

[blocks in formation]
[graphic]

482

20.6

248

51

495

197

349

133

402

27.6

93

123

18.8

496

213

12.4

709

872

30.0

995

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Department of Agricul

ture. Department of Com

merce. Economic Develop

ment Administra

tion.
All other
Appalachian Regional

Commission
Highways.

All other
Department of Justice

(Law Enforcement

Assistance).
Water Resources

Council..

1 Percent of authorizations.
2 The 1970 appropriation figures for HEW are as passed by Congress, but vetoed by President
Nixon.

3 Lump-sum authorizations were provided in 1967 for the 3-year period 1967-69 for 2 programs
(medical, dental and other health facilities; health research facilities, and are included in the 1967
column. The appropriations for those 3 years were combined and also included in the 1967 column
for purposes of comparison.

4 For a number of HUD programs substantial amounts of unused prior-year spending authority
is available during the period under consideration and some additional authorization may be granted
each year. In such instances, only a portion of the appropriation—up to the amount authorized in
the applicable year, is carried into the totals.

6 A lump-sum authorization was provided in 1966 for the 3-year period 1966-68 for the open space land program and is included in the 1966 column. The appropriations for those 3 years were combined and also included in the 1966 column for purposes of comparison.

6 See footnotes 7, 8, and 9.

7 A lump-sum authorization was provided in 1966 for the 4-year period 1966-69 and is included in the 1966 column. The appropriations for those 4 years were combined and also included in the 1966 column for purposes of comparison.

8 A lump-sum authorization of $715,000,000 was provided in 1970 for the 2 fiscal years 1970 and
1971. For purposes of comparison, half of the authorization is presented here.

For a number of programs lump-sum authorizations were provided in 1966 for the 2-year period
1966 and 1967 and in 1968 for the 2-year period 1968 and 1969 and are included in the applicable
1966 and 1968 columns. Appropriations for these 2-year periods were combined and also included
in the applicable 1966 and 1968 columns for purposes of comparison.

10 No specific dollar authorizations.

11 A lump-sum authorization was provided for the 2-year period 1968 and 1969 and is reported in the 1968 column. The appropriations for those 2 years ($7,000,000 for 1968 and $24,000,000 for 1969) are also reported in the 1968 column for purposes of comparison.

12 Less than $500,000. Source: Staff analysis prepared by Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, June 1970.

[graphic][graphic]

TABLE 14.- LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS RELATING TO THE FISCAL YEAR 1973 BUDGET

SUMMARY

Number of

actions Legislative actions having direct or indirect relationship to fiscal year 1973 budget authority and outlays: Appropriation legislation:

Regular fiscal year 1973 bills (including vetoed Labor-HEW bill) - 13
Supplemental fiscal year 1973 bills-

2 Other (fiscal year 1972 bills)

4

Subtotal...

19

Actions on legislative proposals included in the fiscal year 1973 budget:

Proposals to reduậe budget authority and outlays..
Proposals for new or expanded programs.-
Inaction or failure to complete action on proposed legislation

(number of requests).

4 27

21

Subtotal.--

52

Actions on mandatory or "back-door” legislation not contemplated in
fiscal year 1973 budget:

Initiated by the President-
Initiated by the Congress-

10 14

Subtotal.-

24

47

Actions on authorizing legislation contemplated in fiscal year 1973
· budget (extension of continuing programs necessary prior to appro-
priation action):

Proposed authorizing legislation --
Inaction or failure to complete action on requested legislation

(including 3 vetoed bills) -
Inaction on highway legislation..

Subtotal...

8 1

56

Total_

151

revenues :

Legislative actions having direct relationship to budgeted fiscal year 1973

Legislative proposals by the President for fiscal year 1973-
Actions on legislation initiated by the Congress
Inactions on requested revenue legislation -

2 4

Total.-

160

Grand total, legislative actions (having direct or indirect relation

ship to fiscal year 1973 budget)-Action on legislation having potential impact on fiscal year 1973 budget and/or subsequent years, subject to funding in appropriation legislation: Legislation not contemplated in fiscal year 1973 budget:

Initiated by the President.-
Initiated by the Congress...

21
61

Total.

82 NOTES.—These legislative actions summarized above, are shown in more detail in the attached material. This accompanying detail sets out legislation (other than appropriation bills) proposed in the fiscal year 1973 budget, legislation not contemplated in the fiscal year 1973 budget, authorizing legislation required prior to appropriation for certain ongoing programs, and revenue legislation. Beyond the legislation shown, it should be understood that there are a great many other pieces of legislation individually having less significant or less apparent budgetary impact—both direct and potential. For example, private relief acts are not reflected, nor are numerous minor acts involving amounts having 5-year costs of less than $500,000.

Source: Fiscal year 1973 Budget Scorekeeping Report prepared by the staff of the Joint Committee on Reduction of Federal Expenditures.

I.

LEGISLATION REQUESTED IN FY 1973 BUDGET, SHOWING CONGRESSIONAL

ACTION COMPLETED THEREON DURING THE LAST SESSION

A. Proposals in the FY 1973 budget to reduce budget authority and outlays

In the FY 1973 budget there were 7 legislative proposals which, as requested, would have reduced budget authority by $1.6 billion and outlays by $2.1 billion.

Action was taken in the last session of Congress in 4 of the proposed reduction areas. Budget authority:

Billions Requested.

-$1. 0 Enacted..

.8

Change..-

+.2

Outlays:

Requested.
Enacted.

-1.5 -1.3

Change.--

+.2 Actions involve the following items:

Farmers Home Administration-reduced direct loans.
Public assistance (social security offset).
Medicaid reform.

Stockpile sales (partial action). No action was taken in 4 areas, involving requests totaling $0.6 billion in budget authority and outlays. These items were:

Federal Crop Insurance Corporation expenses.
Student loans (conversion to guarantees).
Veterans programswar orphan counseling.

Stockpile sales (partial inaction).
In the net, combined action and inaction in the area of these proposals had the
effect of increasing budgeted FY 1973 authority and outlays by $0.8 billion.
B. Proposals in the FY 1973 budget for new or expanded programs

In the FY 1973 budget there were 45 legislative proposals for new or expanded programs. As requested, these were estimated at $11.3 billion in budget authority and $12.2 billion in outlays.

Action was completed in the last session on 27 of these proposals. Budget authority:

Billions Requested

$10.5 Enacted..

13. 0

Change

+2.5

Outlays:

Requested..
Enacted...

11. 5
17.4

+5.9

Change.---
These proposals were:

Council on International Economic Policy-establish;
International financial institutions—additional authorizations;
Farmers Home-reduce direct loans;
All volunteer army-health professionals;
Military retirement reform (two proposals).
Consumer product safety.
Higher education, work study and grants.
Emergency school assistance.
National Foundation for Higher Education.
National Institute for Education.
Juvenile justice.
Social security benefit increase.
Social security liberalization and reform.
Indian economic development.

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