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A BILL TO AMEND AND CONSOLIDATE THE ACTS RESPECTING
COPYRIGHT AND TO PERMIT THE UNITED STATES TO

ENTER THE INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT UNION

COMMITTEE ON PATENTS

SIXTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FLORIAN LAMPERT, Wisconsin, Chairman
ALBERT H. VESTAL, Indiana.

FRITZ G. LANHAM, Texas.
RANDOLPH PERKINS, New Jersey.

WILLIAM C. HAMMER, North Carolina.
CLARENCE J. McLEOD, Michigan.

SAMUEL E. COOK, Indiana.
THOMAS W. PHILLIPS, JR., Pennsylvania. SOL BLOOM, New York.
KNUD WEFALD, Minnesota.

R. E. L. ALLEN, West Virginia.
CHARLES L. FAUST, Missouri.

JAMES B. REED, Arkansas.
FRANK R. REID, Illinois.

HARRY E. SCHLERF, Clerk

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COMMITTEE ON PATENTS,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

Thursday, January 22, 1925. The committee met at 10 o'clock a. m. in the caucus room, House Office Building, Hon. Florian Lampert (chairman) presiding:

The CHAIRMAN. This meeting is one called for the consideration of H. R. 11258, known as the copyright bill, introduced by Congressman Perkins, of New Jersey.

(The bill referred to reads as follows:)

A BILL To amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright and to permit the United States to enter

the International Copyright Union

WHO MAY SECURE COPYRIGHT AS FIRST OWNER OF THE WORK

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That copyright is secured by this act for all the writings of authors from the time of the making of their works, whether unpublished or published, for the term of copyright protection hereinafter provided. Such copyright shall vest in the author of any such work immediately upon the making of the work and shall not depend upon the accomplishment of any conditions or formalities whatever: Provided, however, That for the purpose of preserving evidence and facilitating transfers of copyrights and rights thereunder, any author or his executors, administrators, or assigns may obtain registration for such work upon complying with the provisions of this act, and the certificate of such registration, under seal of the copyright office, shall be admitted in any court as prima facie evidence of the facts stated therein.

SEC. 2. The copyright secured by this act shall extend to the work of an author who is a citizen or subject of a foreign state or nation:

(a) When an alien author shall be domiciled or a bona fide resident within the United States during the whole or any substantial part of the time of the making of his work, or at the time of the first publication or first public performance of his work; or

(b) When such author is a citizen or subject of any country within the International Copyright Union or has first published his work in some country which is a member of the said union, in accordance with the provisions of this act; or

(c) When a foreign state or nation of which an author is a citizen or subject grants, either by treaty, convention, agreement, or law, to citizens of the United States the benefit of copyright on substantially the same basis as to its own citizens, or copyright protection substantially equal to the protection secured to such foreign author under this act or by treaty; or

(d) When a foreign author is a citizen or subject of any country which is a party to an international agreement which provides for reciprocity in the granting of copyright when the United States shall have become a party thereto.

The existence of the reciprocal conditions aforesaid shall be determined by the Preisdent of the United States by proclamation made from time to time, as the purposes of this act may require.

Sec. 3. The author of any compilation, abridgment, adaptation, arrangement, dramatization, translation, or other version of a work in the public domain, or of a copyright work when made with the consent of the owner of the copyright in such work, shall be the first owner of the copyright in such compilation, abridgment, adaptation, arrangement, dramatization, translation, or other version, subject to the rights of the owner of the copyright in the original work.

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