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deportation, in accordance with the preceding provisions of this section, of any alien who is deportable under any law of the United States, shall be found by the Attorney General to be impracticable or inconvenient because of enemy occupation of the country whence such alien came or wherein is located the foreign port at which he embarked for the United States or because of other reasons connected with the war, such alien may, at the option of the Attorney General, be deported (a) if such alien is a citizen or subject of a country whose recognized government is in exile, to the country wherein is located that government in exile, if that country will permit him to enter its territory; or (b) if such alien is a citizen or subject of a country whose recognized government is not in exile, then, to a country or any political or territorial subdivision thereof which is proximate to the country of which the alien is a citizen or subject, or, with the consent of the country of which the alien is a citizen or subject, to any other country. If deportation proceedings are instituted at any time within five years after the entry of the alien, such deportation, including one-half of the entire cost of removal to the port of deportation, shall be at the expense of the contractor, procurer, or other person by whom the alien was unlawfully induced to enter the United States, or, if that cannot be done, then the cost of removal to the port of deportation shall be at the expense of the appropriation for the enforcement of this Act, and the deportation from such port shall be at the expense of the owner or owners of such vessels or transportation lines by which such aliens respectively came, or, if that is not practicable, at the expense of the appropriation for the enforcement of this Act. If deportation proceedings are instituted later than five years after the entry of the alien, or, if the deportation is made by reason of causes arising subsequent to entry, the cost thereof shall be payable from the appropriation for the enforcement of this Act. A failure or refusal on the part of the masters, agents, owners, or consignees of vessels to comply with the order of the Attorney General to take on board, guard safely, and transport to the destination specified any alien ordered to be deported under the provisions of this Act shall be punished by the imposition of the penalties prescribed in section eighteen of this Act: Provided, That when in the opinion of the Attorney General the mental or physical condition of such alien is such as to require personal care and attendance, the said Attorney General shall when necessary employ a suitable person for that purpose, who shall accompany such alien to his or her final destination, and the expense incident to such service shall be defrayed in the same manner as the expense of deporting the accompanied alien is defrayed. Pending the final disposal of the case of any alien so taken into custody, he may be released under a bond in the penalty of not less than $500 with security approved by the Attorney General, conditioned that such alien shall be produced when required for a hearing or hearings in regard to the charge upon which he has been taken into custody, and for deportation if he shall be found to be unlawfully within the United States. (39 Stat. 890–891; 57 Stat. 511; 8 U.S. C. 156.)

Acts of July 18. 1943, anrended sec. 20 of the Act of Feb. 0, 1917, as amended, by inserting sentence beginning "If the United States is at war

ADMISSION OF ALIENS LIABLE TO BE EXCLUDED ON GIVING BOND OR CASH

DEPOSIT; SUIT IN EVENT ALIEN BECOMÉS PUBLIC CHARGE SEO. 21, That any alien liable to be excluded because likely to become a public charge or because of physical disability other than tuberculosis in any form or a loathsome or dangerous contagious disease may, if otherwise admissible, nevertheless be admitted in the discretion of the Attorney General upon the giving of a suitable and proper bond or undertaking, approved by said Attorney General, in such amount and containing such conditions as he may prescribe, to the United States and to all States, Territories, counties, towns, municipalities, and districts thereof, holding the United States and all States, Territories, counties, towns, municipalities, and districts thereof harmless against such alien becoming à public charge. In lieu of such bond, such alien may deposit in cash with the Attorney General such amount as the Attorney General may require, which amount shall be deposited by said Attorney General in the United States Postal Savings Bank, a receipt therefor to be given the person furnishing said sum, showing the fact and object of its receipt and such other information as said Attorney General may deem advisable. All accruing interest on said deposit during the time same shall be held in the United States Postal Savings Bank shall be paid to the person furnishing the sum for deposit. In the event of such alien becoming a public charge, the Attorney General shall dispose of said deposit in the same manner as if same had been collected under a bond as provided in this section. In the event of the permanent departure from the United States, the naturalization, or the death of such alien, the said sum shall be returned to the person by whom furnished, or to his legal representatives. The admission of such alien shall be a consideration for the giving of such bond, undertaking, or cash deposit. Suit may be brought thereon in the name and by the proper law officers either of the United States Government or of any State, Territory, District, county, town, or municipality in which such alien becomes á public charge. (39 Stat. 891; 8 U. S. C. 158.) TEMPORARY DETENTION AND ADMISSION OR DEPORTATION, IN CASE OF CONTAGIOUS DISORDER, OR WIFE OR MINOR CHILD OF NATURALIZED PERSON OR RESIDENT ALIEN; EXPENSE OF TREATMENT

Sec. 22. That whenever an alien shall have been naturalized or shall have taken up his permanent residence in this country, and thereafter shall send for his wife or minor children to join him, and said wife or any of said minor children shall be found to be affected with any contagious disorder, such wife or minor children shall be held, under such regulations as the Attorney General shall prescribe, until it shall be determined whether the disorder will be easily curable or whether they can be permitted to land without danger to other persons; and they shall not be either ad. mitted or deported until such facts have been ascertained; and if it shall be determined that the disorder is easily curable and the husband or father or other responsible person is willing to bear the expense of the treatment, they may be accorded treatment in hospital until cured and then be admitted, or if it shall be determined that they can be permitted to land without danger to other persons, they may, if otherwise admissible, thereupon be admitted: Provided, That if the person sending for wife or minor children is naturalized, a wife to whom married or a minor child born subsequent to such husband or father's naturalization shall be admitted without detention for treatment in hospital, and with respect to a wife to whom married or a minor child born prior to such husband or father's naturalization the provisions of this section shall be observed, even though such person is unable to pay the expense of treatment, in which case the expense shall be paid from the appropriation for the enforcement of this Act. (39 Stat. 891–892; 8 U. S. C. 159.) COMMISSIONER OF IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION; ADMINISTRATION OF IMMIGRATION LAWS; RULES AND REGULATIONS; PROTECTION OF ALIENS; CONTRACTS FOR SUPPORT OF DISTRESSED ALIENS; DETAIL OP IMMIGRATION AND MEDICAL OFFICERS; IMMIGRATION OFFICERS; DUTIES; LANDING STATIONS FOR ALIEN PASSENGERS TRANSPORTED FROM CANADA OR MEXICO

Sec. 23. That the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization shall perform all his duties under the direction of the Attorney General. Under such direction he shall have charge of the administration of all laws relating to the immigration of aliens into the United States, and shall have the control, direction, and supervision of all officers, clerks, and employees appointed thereunder; he shall establish such rules and regulations, prescribe such forms of bond, reports, entries, and other papers, and shall issue from time to time such instructions not inconsistent with law, as he shall deem best calculated for carrying out the provisions of this Act and for protecting the United States and aliens migrating thereto from fraud and loss, and shall have authority to enter into contract for the support and relief of such aliens as may fall into distress or need public aid, and to remove to their native country, or the country from whence they came, or to the country of which they are citizens or subjects, at any time after entry, at the expense of the appropriations for the enforcement of this Act, such as fall into distress or need public aid from causes arising subsequent to their entry and are desirous of being so removed, but any person thus removed shall forever be ineligible for readmission except upon the approval of the Secretary of State and the Attorney General." He shall prescribe rules for the entry and inspection of aliens coming to the United States from or through Canada and Mexico, so as not unnecessarily to delay, impede, or annoy persons in ordinary travel between the United States and said countries, and shall have power to enter into contracts with transportation lines for the said purpose. It shall be the duty of the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization to detail officers of the Immigration and Naturalization Service from time to time as may be necessary, in his judgment, to secure information as to the number of aliens detained in the penal, reformatory, and charitable institutions (public and private) of the several States and Territories, the District of Columbia, and other territory of the United States, and to inform the officers of such institutions of the provisions of law in relation to the deportation of aliens who have become public charges. He may, with the approval of the Attorney General, whenever in his judgment such action may be necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Act, detail immigration officers for service in foreign countries; and, upon his request, approved by the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury may detail medical officers of the United States Public Health Service for the performance of duties in foreign countries in connection with the enforcement of this Act (8 U.S. C. 101-02). The duties of immigration and naturalization officials in charge of districts, ports, or stations shall be of an administrative character, to be prescribed in detail by regulations prepared under the direction or with the approval of the Attorney General (8 U.S. C. 108): 47 Provided, That no person, company, or transportation line engaged in carrying alien passengers for hire from Canada or Mexico to the United States, whether by land or water, shall be allowed to land any such passengers in the United States without providing suitable and approved landing stations, conveniently located, at the point or points of entry. The Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization is hereby authorized and empowered to prescribe the conditions, not inconsistent with law, under which the above-mentioned landing stations shall be deemed suitable within the meaning of this section. Any person, company, or transportation line landing an alien passenger in the United States without compliance with the requirement herein set forth shall be deemed to have violated section eight of this Act, and upon conviction shall be subject to the penalty therein prescribed (8 U. S. C. 160): Provided further, That for the purpose of making effective the provisions of this section relating to the protection of aliens from fraud and loss, and also the provisions of section thirty of this Act, relating to the distribution of aliens, the Attorney General shall establish and maintain immigrant stations at such interior places as may be necessary, and, in the discretion of the said Attorney General, aliens in transit from ports of landing to such interior stations shall be accompanied by immigrant inspectors (8 U. S. C. 161): Provided further, That in prescribing rules and making contracts for the entry and inspection of aliens 4? applying for admission from or through foreign contiguous territory, due care shall be exercised to avoid any discriminatory action in favor of foreign transportation companies transporting to such territory aliens destined to the United States, and all such transportation companies shall be required, as a condition precedent to the inspection or examination under such rules and contracts at the ports of such contiguous territory of aliens brought thereto by them, to submit to and comply with all the requirements of this Act which would apply were they bringing such aliens directly to seaports of the United States, and, from and after the taking effect of this Act, no alien applying for admission from foreign contiguous territory shall be permitted to enter the United States unless upon proving that he was brought to such territory by a transportation company which had submitted to and complied with all the requirements of this Act or that he entered, or has resided in, such territory more than two years prior to the date of his application for admission to the United States (8 U. S. C. 162). (39 Stat. 892–893; 50 Stat. 164; 8 U.S. C. 101-102, 108, 160-162.)

45 Act of May 14, 1937 (50 Stat. 164; 8 U. S. C. 102). Prior thereto, sec, 23, Act of February 6, 1017 (39 Stat. 892; 8 U. 8. C. 101–2, 108, 160), read in part as follows: *and shall have authority to enter into contract for the support and relief of such aliens as may fall into distress or need public aid, and to remove to their native country, at any time within three years after entry, at the expense of the appropriations for the entorcement of this Act, such as fall into distress or need public aid from causes arising subsequent to their entry and are desirous of being so removed ;

47 For additional provisions covering authority to prescribe rules and regulations for the entry and inspection of aliens into the United States, see Act of May 26, 1924, sec. 17 (43 Stat. 163–164 ; 8 U. S. C. 217), p. 55, and sec. 24 (43 Stat. 166;

8 U. S. c. 222), p. 58, and Act of June 28, 1940, sec. 37 (a) (54 Stat. 675; 8 U. S. C. 458), p. * Act of May 2, 1932 (47 Stat. 145; 8 U. 8. C. 109), as amended by Act of June 26, 1940

IMMIGRATION OFFICERS; APPOINTMENT; COMPENSATION Seo. 24. That immigrant inspectors and other immigration and naturalization officers, clerks, and employees shall hereafter be appointed and their compensation fixed and raised or decreased from time to time by the Attorney General, upon the recommendation of the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, and in accordance with the provisions of the civil-service Act of

January sixteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty-three: Provided, That said Attorney General, in the enforcement of that portion of this Act which excludes contract laborers and induced and assisted immigrants, may employ, for such purposes and for detail upon additional service under this Act when not so engaged, without reference to the provisions of the said civil-service Act, or to the various Acts relative to the compilation of the Official Register, such persons as he may deem advisable and from time to time fix, raise, or decrease their compensation. He may draw annually from the appropriation for the enforcement of this Act $200,000, or as much thereof as may be necessary, to be expended for the salaries and expenses of persons so employed and for expenses incident to such employment; and the accounting officers of the General Accounting Office ** shall pass to the credit of the proper disbursing officer expenditures from said sum without itemized account whenever the Attorney General certifies that an itemized account would not be for the best interests of the Government :50

Immigrant inspectors shall be divided into five classes as follows: Grade 1, salary $2,100; grade 2, salary $2,300; grade 3, salary $2,500; grade 4, salary $2,700; grade 5, salary $3,000; and, hereafter, inspectors shall be promoted successively to grades 2 and 3 at the beginning of the next quarter following one year's satisfactory service (determined by a standard of efficiency which is to be defined by the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization, with the approval of the Attorney General) in the next lower grade; and to grades 4 and 5 for meritorious service after no less

(64 Stat. 574; 8 U. S. C. 109–109a). Prior thereto, sec. 24, Act of February 6, 1917 89, Stat. 893), read in part as follows: "for the enforcement of the Act $100,000,

4 Act of June 10, 1921 (42 Stat. 24; 8 U. S. C. 109). Prior thereto, sec. 24, Act of February 6, 1917 (89 Stat. 893), read in part as follows: "and the accounting omcers of the Treasury

58 Reorganization Act of April 3, 1939 (53 Stat. 561 ; 6 U. S. C. 133-183r), Plan | (5 F. R. 2108, effective June 30, 1940). Prior thereto, sec. 24, Act of February 8, 1917 (39 Stat. 893), read in part as follows: "Provided further, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to alter the mode of appointing commissioners of immigration and naturalization at the several ports of the United States as provided by the sundry civil appropriation Act approved August elghteenth, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, or the official status of such commissioners heretofore appointed."

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