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the United States of America and so much of an Act approved July twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, entitled "An Act making provisions for the naval service for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety-five, and for other purposes," being chapter one hundred and sixty-five of the laws of eighteen hundred and ninety-four (Twenty-eighth Statutes at Large, page one hundred and twenty-four), reading as follows: "Any alien of the age of twenty-one years and upward who has enlisted or may enlist in the United States Navy or Marine Corps and has served or may hereafter serve five consecutive years in the United States Navy or one enlistment in the United States Marine Corps and has been or may hereafter be honorably discharged, shall be admitted to become a citizen of the United States upon his petition without any previous declaration of his intention to become such; and the court admitting such alien shall, in addition to proof of good moral character, be satisfied by competent proof of such person's service in and honorable discharge from the United States Navy or Marine Corps;" and so much of an Act approved June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and fourteen, entitled "An Act making_appropriations for the naval service for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and fifteen, and for other purposes,” being chapter one hundred and thirty of the laws of nineteen hundred and fourteen (Thirty-eighth Statutes at Large, part one, page three hundred and ninety-two), reading as follows: *Any alien of the age of twenty-one years and upward who may under existing law become a citizen of the United States, who has served or may hereafter serve for one enlistment of not less than four years in the United States Navy or Marine Corps, and who has received therefrom an honorable discharge or an ordinary discharge, with recommendation for reenlistment, or who has completed four years in the Revenue-Cutter Service and received therefrom an honorable discharge or an ordinary discharge with recommendation for reenlistment, or who has completed four years of honorable service in the naval auxiliary service, shall be admitted to become a citizen of the United States upon his petition without any previous declaration of his intention to become such, and without proof of residence on shore, and the court admitting such alien shall, in addition to proof of good moral character, be satisfied by competent proof from naval or revenue-cutter sources of such service: Provided, That an honorable discharge from the Navy, Marine Corps, Revenue-Cutter Service, or the Naval Auxiliary Service, or an ordinary discharge with recommendation for reenlistment, shall be accepted as proof of good moral character: Provided further, That any court which now has or may hereafter be given jurisdiction to naturalize aliens as citizens of the United States may immediately naturalize any alien applying under and furnishing the proof prescribed by the foregoing provisions;" and so much of section three of an Act approved June twenty-fifth, nineteen hundred and ten (Thirty-fourth Statutes at Large, part one, page six hundred and thirty), reading as follows: “That paragraph two of section four of an Act entitled 'An Act to establish a Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization, and to provide for a uniform rule for the naturalization of aliens throughout the United States,' approved June twenty-ninth, nineteen hundred and six, be amended by adding, after the proviso in paragraph two of section four of said Act, the following: Provided further, That any person belonging to the class of persons authorized and qualified under existing law to become a citizen of the United States, who has resided constantly in the United States during a period of five years next preceding May first, nineteen hundred and ten, who, because of misinformation in regard to his citizenship or the requirements of the law governing the naturalization of citizens has labored and acted under the impression that he was or could become a citizen of the United States and has in good faith exercised the rights or duties of a citizen or intended citizen of the United States

because of such wrongful information and belief may, upon making a showing of such facts satisfactory to a court having jurisdiction to issue papers of naturalization to an alien, and the court in its judgment believes that such person has been for a period of more than five years entitled upon proper proceedings to be naturalized as a citizen of the United States, receive from the said court a final certificate of naturalization, and said court may issue such certificate without requiring proof of former declaration by or on part of such person of their intention to become a citizen of the United States, but such applicant for naturalization shall comply in all other respects with the law relative to the issuance of final papers of naturalization to aliens."

That all Acts or parts of Acts inconsistent with or repugnant to the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed; but nothing in this Act shall repeal or in any way enlarge section twenty-one hundred and sixty-nine of the Revised Statutes, except as specified in the seventh subdivision of this Act and under the limitation therein defined: Provided, That for the purposes of the prosecution of all crimes and offenses against the naturalization laws of the United States which may have been committed prior to this Act the statutes and laws hereby repealed shall remain in full force and effect: Provided further, That as to all aliens who, prior to January first, nineteen hundred, served in the Armies of the United States and were honorably discharged therefrom, section twentyone hundred and sixty-six of the Revised Statutes of the United States shall be and remain in full force and effect, anything in this Act to the contrary notwithstanding. (40 Stat. 546–547; 8 U.S. C. 359, 388, 395, 416.)

Sec. 3. That all certificates of naturalization granted by courts of competent jurisdiction prior to December thirty-first, nineteen hundred and eighteen, upon petitions for naturalization filed prior to January thirty-first, nineteen hundred and eighteen, upon declarations of intention filed prior to September twenty-seventh, nineteen hundred and six, are hereby declared to be valid in so far as the declaration of intention is concerned, but shall not be by this Act further validated or legalized.

The word “District” in sections four, ten, and twenty-seven of the Act which this Act amends is hereby amended to read "the District of Columbia.” (40 Stat. 548; 8 U.S. C. 406, 409.)

DEBARRING FROM NATURALIZATION CERTAIN ALIENS WITHDRAWING THEIR DECLARATIONS OF INTENTION TO AVOID MILITARY SERVICE

(Act approved July 9, 1918] SEO. 4. *

* * Provided, That a citizen or subject of a country neutral in the present war who has declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States shall be relieved from liability to military service upon his making a declaration, in accordance with such regulations as the President may prescribe, withdrawing his intention to become a citizen of the United States, which shall operate and be held to cancel his declaration of intention to become an American citizen and he shall forever be debarred from becoming a citizen of the United States.”. (Ch. XII, 40 Stat. 885; 8 U. S. C. 366.) DEBARRING FROM NATURALIZATION CERTAIN ALIENS WITHDRAWING THEIR DECLARATIONS OF INTENTION TO AVOID MILITARY SERVICE

(Act approved August 31, 1918) SEC. 1. * Provided further, That a citizen or subject of a country neutral in the present war who has declared his intention to become a citizen of the United States shall be relieved from liability to military service upon his making a declaration, in accordance with such regulations as the President may prescribe, withdrawing his intention to become a citizen of the United States, which shall operate and be held to cancel his declaration of intention to become an American citizen, and he shall forever be debarred from becoming a citizen of the United States.) 10 (40 Stat. 955.)

APPOINTMENT OF CLERKS OF UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTS AND FIXING

OF SALARIES (Act approved February 26, 1919,12 as amended by the Act of February 11, 1921]

That section 1 of the Act aproved February 26, 1919, entitled “An Act to fix the salaries of the clerks of the United States district courts and to provide for their office expenses, and for other purposes," is hereby amended to read as follows:

• This provision repealed by sec. 504, Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 1173: 8 U. S. C. 904), effective January 13. 1941. was identical with second proviso to spc. 1, Act of August 31, 1918 (40 Stát. 955; 8 U.S. C. 366), also repealed effective January 13, 1941, by sec. 504, Nationality Act of 1940. The Act of February 11, 1931 (46 Stat. 1087; 8 U. s. C. 366a), repealed by sec. 504, Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 1173; 8 U. S. C. 904). provided that notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, no alien sbould be barred from becoming a citizen of the United States on the ground that be withdrew bis intention to become a citizen of the United States in order to secure discharge from the military service, if such withdrawal (and the application therefor) and discbarge took place after November 11, 1918. See first proviso sec. 3 (a) of tbe Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 approved Sept. 16, 1940, as amended. (54 Stat. 885; 50 U. $. C. 303.)

10 This provision, repealed by sec. 504 Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 1173 : 8 U. S. C. 904). effective January 13, 1941. was identical with proviso to sec, 4, Act of July 9, 1918 (40 Stat. 885; 8 U. s. C. 366), also repealed by sec. 504, Nationality Act of 1940. The Act of February 11, 1931 (46 Stat. 1087: 8 U. S. C. 366a); repealed

by sec. 504, Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 1173; 8 U. S. C. 904), prorided that not. withstanding any provision of law to the contrary, no alien should be barred from be coming a citizen of the United States on the ground that he withdraw his intention to become a citizen of the United States in order to secure discharge from the milltary service, if such withdrawal (and the application therefor) and discharge took place after November 11, 1918. See first proviso sec. 3 (a) of the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 approved September 16, 1940, as amended. (54 Stat. 885; 50 U. 8. C. 303.)

1 Sec. 1, Act of March 4. 1921 (41 Stat. 1412-1413; 28 U. 8. C. 657), supplemented the Act of February 26, 1919, in providing as follows: "SEC. 1. .

That provisions of the Act entitled 'An Act to fix the salaries of the clerks of the United States district courts and to provide for their office expenses, and for other purposes.' approved February 26, 1919, shall be applicable on and after July 1, 1921, to the clerk

of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, excepting that said clerk shall be appointed as beretofore by said Court in General Term, and to the clerks of the district courts of the United States for Hawaii and Puerto Rico: Provided further, That no clerk or deputy clerk or assistant in the office of the clerk of a United States district court shall receive any compensation or emoluments through any office or position to which he may be appointed by the court, other than that received as such clerk, deputy clerk, or assistant, whether from the United States or from private litigants.

“SECTION 1. That on and after the 1st day of July, 1918, all clerks of the United States district courts shall be appointed by the judge for the district, or the senior judge if there be more than one judge in the district, and all fees and emoluments authorized by law to be paid to the clerks of the United States district courts, except the clerks of the district courts of Alaska, shall be charged as heretofore and shall be collected, as far as possible, and paid into the Treasury of the United States in such manner and at such times as hereinafter provided; and such clerks shall be paid, in lieu of the fees and emoluments now allowed by law, an annual salary as hereinafter provided : Provided, That this section shall not be construed to require or authorize fees to be charged or collected from the United States.” (41 Stat. 1099; 28 U.S. C. 557.) 2

SEC. 2. That the clerk of the United States district court for each of the judicial districts of the United States, except the clerks of the district courts of Alaska, shall be paid, in lieu of the fees, salaries, and per centum now allowed by law, an annual salary to be fixed by the Attorney General at not less than $2,500 nor more than $5,000, based in each instance upon the amount of business transacted by the court and the fees and the emoluments received by the clerks in the four years last preceding. (40 Stat. 1182; 28 U. S. C. 558.)

SEO. 9. That the clerk of every district court, except the clerks of the district courts of Alaska, shall account quarterly for all the fees and emoluments earned during the quarter last preceding such accounting, except where the person requiring the services is relieved by law from prepayment of fees and costs, and for all fees and emoluments received within the quarter which had been earned prior thereto. Such accounting shall be in writing and shall be made to the Attorney General, in such form as he may prescribe, on the first days of January, April, July, and October in each year, or within twenty days thereafter, and shall include all moneys received in connection with the admission of attorneys to practice in the court, all that portion retained by the clerk of moneys received for services in naturalization proceedings in whatever capacity rendered, and all other amounts received for services in any way connected with the clerk's office. Such accounts shall be made in duplicate and be verified by the oath of the officer making them. The Attorney General shall cause each such return or account to be carefully examined by the proper officer of the Department of Justice and shall approve the same as he may deem just and proper, and shall transmit it with his approval to the General Accounting Office, by which an account shall be stated against the officer rendering such return or account. Immediately upon receipt of notice from the General Accounting Office, or within ten days thereafter, the clerk shall deposit to the credit of the Treasurer of the United States the amount so stated against him. (40 Stat. 1183; 28 U.S. C. 567; as amended by secs. 301, 304, Act of June 10, 1921, 42 Stat. 23, 24; 31 U. S. C. 41, 44.) **

13 Act of February 11, 1921. Prior to February 11, 1921, this section read as follows in the Act of February 26, 1919 (40 Stat. 1182; 28 t. 3. c. 557): "That on and after the first day of July, nineteen hundred and eighteen, all clerks of United States district courts shall be appointed by the Judge for the district, or the senior judge if there be more than one judge in the district, subject to the approval of the senior circuit Judge for the circuit in which the district is situated, and all fees and emoluments authorized by law to be paid to the clerks of the United States district courts, except the clerks of the district courts of Alaska, sball be charged as beretofore and shall be collected, as far as possible, and paid into the Treasury of the United States in such manner and at such times as hereinafter provided ; and such clerks shall be paid, in lleu of the fees and emoluments now allowed by law, an annual salary as hereinafter provided : Provided, That this section shall not be construed to require or authorize tees to be charged or collected froin the United States."

NATURALIZATION OF ALIENS SERVING IN ARMED FORCES DURING THE

WORLD WAR

[Act approved July 19, 1919] 14 [This Act continued in force and effect until March 3, 1924, which was one year after the official date for the return of all American troops. (41 Stat. 222.)]

GRANTING CITIZENSHIP TO CERTAIN HONORABLY DISCHARGED INDIANS WHO

SERVED DURING THE WORLD WAR

[Act approved November 6, 1919) That every American Indian who served in the Military or Naval Establishments of the United States during the war against the Imperial German Government, and who has received or who shall hereafter receive an honorable discharge, if not now a citizen and if he so desires, shall, on proof of such discharge and after proper identification before a court of competent jurisdiction, and without other examination except as prescribed by said court, be granted full citizenship with all the privileges pertaining thereto, without in any manner impairing or otherwise affecting the property rights, individual or tribal, of any such Indian or his interest in tribal or other Indian property. (41 Stat. 350; 8 U. S. C. 3.) 15

APPOINTMENT OF CLERKS OF COURTS [Act approved February 11, 1921, amending Act of February 26, 1919) 16 That section 1 of the Act approved February 26, 1919, entitled “An Act to fix the salaries of the clerks of the United States district courts and to provide for their office expenses, and for other purposes," is hereby amended to read as follows:

"SECTION 1. That on and after the 1st day of July, 1918, all clerks of the United States district courts shall be appointed by the judge for the district, or the senior judge if there be more than

18 See also sec. 7 (b), Act of March 2, 1929 (45 Stat. 1515; 8 U. 8. C. 402a). See also part of sec. 1, Act of March 4, 1921 (41 Stat. 1412–1413; 28 U. S. C. 557), amending Act of February 26, 1919. 14 This Act, prior to its expiration, read as follows:

"Any person of foreign birth who served in the military or paval forces of the United States during the present war, after final examination and acceptance by the said military or naval authorities, and shall have been honorably discharged after such acceptance and service, shall bave the benefits of the seventh subdivision of section 4 of the Act of June 29, 1906, Thirty-fourth Statutes at Large, part 1, p. 596, as amended, and shall not be required to pay any fee therefor; and this provision shall continue for the period of one year after all of the American troops are returned to the United States."

15 Repealed by sec. 504, Nationality Act of 1940 (54 Stat. 1173 ; 8 U. S. C. 3) effective January 13, 1941. See sec. 201 (b) of that Act, p. 356, for citizenship of a person born in the United States to a member of an Indian tribe.

16 For provisions of sec. 1, Act of March 4, 1921 (41 Stat. 1412-1413; 28 U. S. C. 557), amending Act of February 26, 1919 (40 Stat. 1182), see p. 523.

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