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(f) The term "Service” means the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the United States Department of Justice.

(g) The term "designated examiner" means an examiner or other ufficer of the Service designated under section 833 by the Commissioner.

(h) The term "child" includes a child legitimated under the law of the child's residence or domicile, whether in the United States or elsewhere; also a child adopted in the United States, provided such legitimation or adoption takes place before the child reaches the age of sixteen years and the child is in the legal custody of the legitimating or adopting parent or parents. (54 Stat. 1138; 8 U.S. C. 502.)

Seo 103. For the purposes of subsections (a), (b), and (c) of section 404 of this Act, the term “foreign stato includes outlying possessions of a foreign state, but does not include self-governing dominions or territory under mandate, which, for the purposes of these subsections, shall be regarded as separate states. (54 Stat. 1138; 8 U. S. C. 503.)

Sec. 104. For the purposes of sections 201, 307 (b), 403, 404, 405, 406, and 407 of this Act, the place of general abode shall be deemed the place of residence. (54 Stat. 1138; 8 U. S. C. 504.)

CHAPTER II-NATIONALITY AT BIRTH NATIONALS AND CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES AT BIRTH SEC. 201. The following shall be nationals and citizens of the United States at birth:

(a) A person born in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof;

(b) A person born in the United States to a member of an Indian, Eskimo, Aleutian, or other aboriginal tribe: Provided, That the granting of citizenship under this subsection shall not in any manner impair or otherwise affect the right of such person to tribal or other property;

(c) A person born outside of the United States and its outlying possessions of parents both of whom are citizens of the United States and one of whom has resided in the United States or one of its outlying possessions, prior to the birth of such person;

(d) A person born outside of the United States and its outlying possessions of parents one of whom is a citizen of the United States who resided in the United States or one of its outlying possessions prior to the birth of such person, and the other of whom is a national, but not a citizen of the United States;

(e) A person born in an outlying possession of the United States of parents one of whom is a citizen of the United States who resided in the United States or one of its outlying possessions prior to the birth of such person;

(f) A child of unknown parentage found in the United States, until shown not to have been born in the United States;

(g) A person born outside the United States and its outlying possessions of parents one of whom is a citizen of the United States who, prior to the birth of such person, has had ten years' residence in the United States or one of its outlying possessions, at least five of which were after attaining the age of sixteen years, the other being an alien: Provided, That in order to retain such citizenship, the child must reside in the United States or its outlying possessions for a period or periods totaling five years between the ages of thirteen and twenty-one years: Provided further, That, if the child has not taken up a residence in the United States or its outlying possessions by the time he reaches the age of sixteen years, or if he resides abroad for such a time that it becomes impossible for him to complete the five years' residence in the United States or its outlying possessions before reaching the age of twenty-one years, his American citizenship shall thereupon cease.

The preceding provisos shall not apply to a child born abroad whose American parent is at the time of the child's birth residing abroad solely or principally in the employment of the Government of the United States or a bona fide American, educational, scientific, philanthropio, religious, commercial, or financial organization, having its principal office or place of business in the United States, or an international agency of an official character in which the United States participates, for which he receives a substantial compensation. (54 Stat. 1138-1139; 8 U.S. C. 601.)

CHILD BORN ABROAD SUBSEQUENT TO MAY 24, 1984 (h) The foregoing provisions of subsection (g) concerning retention of citizenship shall apply to a child born abroad subsequent to May 24, 1934. (54 Stat. 1139; 8 U. S. C. 601.)

PERSONS BORN IN PUERTO RICO ON OR AFTER APRIL 11, 1899 SEO. 202. All persons born in Puerto Rico on or after April 11, 1899, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, residing on the effective date of this Act in Puerto Rico or other territory over which the United States exercises rights of sovereignty and not citizens of the United States under any other Act, are hereby declared to be citizens of the United States. (54 Stat. 1139; 8 U. 8. C. 602.) PERSONS BORN IN THE CANAL ZONE OR REPUBLIC OF PANAMA ON OR

AFTER FEBRUARY 26, 1904 Sec. 203. (a) Any person born in the Canal Zone on or after February 26, 1904, and whether before or after the effective date of this Act, whose father or mother or both at the time of the birth of such person was or is a citizen of the United States, is declared to be a citizen of the United States. (54 Stat. 1139; 8 U.S. C. 603.)

(b) Any person born in the Republic of Panama on or after February 26, 1904, and whether before or after the effective date of this Act, whose father or mother or both at the time of the birth of such person was or is a citizen of the United States employed by the Government of the United States or by the Panama Railroad Company, is declared to be a citizen of the United States. (54 Stat. 1139; 8 U. 8. C. 603.)

NATIONALS BUT NOT CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES AT BIRTH

SEC. 204. Unless otherwise provided in section 201, the following shall be nationals, but not citizens, of the United States at birth:

(a) A person born in an outlying possession of the United States of parents one of whom is a national, but not a citizen, of the United States;

(b) A person born outside the United States and its outlying possessions of parents both of whom are nationals, but not citizens, of the United States, and have resided in the United States, or one of its outlying possessions prior to the birth of such person. (54 Stat. 1139; 8 U.S. C. 604.)

FOUNDLINGS (c) A child of unknown parentage found in an outlying possession of the United States, until shown not to have been born in such outlying possession. (54 Stat. 1139; 8 U. S. C. 604.)

ILLEGITIMATE CHILDREN Seo. 205. The provisions of section 201, subsections (c), (d), (e), and (g), and section 204, subsections (a) and (b), hereof apply, as of the date of birth, to a child born out of wedlock, provided the paternity is established during minority, by legitimation, or adjudication of a competent court.

In the absence of such legitimation or adjudication, the child, whether born before or after the effective date of this Act, if the mother had the nationality of the United States at the time of the child's birth, and had previously resided in the United States or one of its outlying possessions, shall be held to have acquired at birth her nationality status. (54 Stat. 1139–1140; 8 U.S. C. 605.)

CHAPTER III–NATIONALITY THROUGH NATURALIZATION

GENERAL PROVISIONS

JURISDICTION TO NATURALIZE

NATURALIZATION COURTS

SEC. 301. (a) Exclusive jurisdiction to naturalize persons as citizens of the United States is hereby conferred upon the following specified courts : District Courts of the United States now existing, or which may hereafter be established by Congress in any State, District Courts of the United States for the Territories of Hawaii and Alaska, and for the District of Columbia and for Puerto Rico, and the District Court of the Virgin Islands of the United States; also all courts of record in any State or Territory now existing, or which may hereafter be created, having a seal, a clerk, and jurisdiction in actions at law or equity, or law and equity, in which the amount in controversy is unlimited. The jurisdiction of all the courts herein specified to naturalize persons shall extend only to such persons resident within the respective jurisdictions of such courts, except as otherwise specifically provided in this Act.

(b) A person who petitions for naturalization in any State court having naturalization jurisdiction, may petition within the State judicial district or State judicial circuit in which he resides, whether or not he resides within the county in which the petition for naturalization is filed. (54 Stat. 1140; 8 U. S. C. 701.)

NATURALIZATION FORMS (c) The courts herein specified, upon request of the clerks of such courts, shall be furnished from time to time by the Commissioner or a Deputy Commissioner with such blank forms as may be required in naturalization proceedings. (54 Stat. 1140; 8 U. S. C. 701.)

NATURALIZATION TO BE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THIS ACT AND NOT

OTHERWISE (d) A person may be naturalized as a citizen of the United States in the manner and under the conditions prescribed in this Act, and not otherwise (84 Stat. 1140; 8 U. S. C. 701.)

SUBSTANTIVE PROVISIONS

ELIGIBILITY FOR NATURALIZATION NO DENIAL OR ABRIDGMENT OF NATURALIZATION BECAUSE OF SEX OR

MARITAL STATUS SEO. 302. The right of a person to become a naturalized citizen of the United States shall not be denied or abridged because of sex or because such person is married. (54 Stat. 1140; 8 U. S. C. 702.)

RACIAL RESTRICTIONS UPON NATURALIZATION SEC. 303. The right to become a naturalized citizen under the provisions of this Act shall extend only to white persons, persons of African nativity or descent, descendants of races indigenous to the Western Hemisphere, and Chinese persons or persons of Chinese descent: Provided, That nothing in this section shall prevent the naturalization of native-born Filipinos having the honorable service in the United States Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard as specified in section 324, nor of former citizens of the United States who are otherwise eligible to naturalization under the provisions of section 317. (64 Stat. 1140; 8 U. S. C. 703, 57 Stat., 600.)

REQUIREMENT AS TO SPEAKING ENGLISH Seo. 304. No person except as otherwise provided in this Act shall hereafter be naturalized as a citizen of the United States upon his own petition who cannot speak the English language. This requirement shall not apply to any person physically unable to comply therewith, if otherwise qualified to be naturalized. (64 Stat. 114); 8 U.S. C. 704.)

PROHIBITION UPON THE NATURALIZATION OF PERSONS OPPOSED TO

GOVERNMENT OR LAW Sec. 305. No person shall hereafter be naturalized as a citizen of the United States

• Before Its amendment by the Act of Dec. 17, 1948, p. 126, sec. 803 read as follows: "SEC. 303. The right to become a naturalized citizen under the provisions of this Act shall extend only to white persons, persons of African nativity or descent, and descendants of races indigenous to the Western Hemispbere : Provided, That nothing in this section shall prevent the naturalization of native-born Filipinos having the honorable service in the United States Army. Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard as specified in section 324. nor of former citizens of the United States, who are otherwise eligible to naturalization under the provisions of section 317. (54 Stat. 1140; 8 U. S. C. 703.)

(a) Who advises, advocates, or teaches, or who is a member of or affiliated with any organization, association, society, or group that advises, advocates, or teaches opposition to all organized government; or

(b) Who believes in, advises, advocates, or teaches, or who is a member of or affiliated with any organization, association, society, or group that believes in, advises, advocates, or teaches,

(1) the overthrow by force or violence of the Government of the United States or of all forms of law; or

(2) the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers (either of specific individuals or of officers generally) of the Government of the United States or any other organized government, because of his or their official character; or

(3) the unlawful damage, injury, or destruction of property; or

(4) sabotage (c) Who writes, publishes, or causes to be written or published, or who knowingly circulates, distributes, prints, or displays, or knowingly causes to be circulated, distributed, printed, published, or displayed, or who knowingly has in his possession for the purpose of circulation, distribution, publication, or display any written or printed matter advising, advocating, or teaching opposition to all organized government, or advising, advocating, or teaching

(1) the overthrow by force or violence of the Government of the United State or of all forms of law; or

(2) the duty, necessity, or propriety of the unlawful assaulting or killing of any officer or officers (either of specific individuals or of officers generally) of the Government of the United States or of any other organized government; or

(8) the unlawful damage, injury, or destruction of property; or

(4) sabotage. (d) Who is a member of or affiliated with any organization, association, society, or group that writes, circulates, distributes, prints, publishes, or displays, or causes to be written, circulated, distributed, printed, published, or displayed, or that has in its possession for the purpose of circulation, distribution, publication, issue, or display, any written or printed matter of the character described in subdivision (c). For the purpose of this section

(1) the giving, loaning, or promising of money or anything of value to be used for the advising, advocacy, or teaching of any doctrine above enumerated shall constitute the advising, advocacy, or teaching of such doctrine; and

(2), the giving, loaning, or promising of money or anything of value to any organization, association, society, or group of the character above described shall constitute affiliation therewith; but nothing in this paragraph shall be taken as an exclusive definititon of advising, advocacy, teaching or affiliation

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