Agriculture and International Trade: Law, Policy, and the WTO

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Michael Cardwell, Margaret R. Grossman, C. P. Rodgers
CABI, 2003 - 330 lappuses
The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture has had a fundamental impact on agricultural policy worldwide. The new WTO agreements will cover agriculture,sanitary and phytosanitary measures, technical barriers to trade and trade in intellectual property rights. This book addresses the interface between the law of international agricultural trade, the emerging legal and economic order for agricultural trade under the auspices of the WTO, and its impact on agricultural policy reform both in the European Union and the USA. With contributions from leading authorities in the appropriate areas.

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Atlasītās lappuses

Saturs

The Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture and Domestic
27
The Politics of Agricultural Trade
49
the Case of
69
Multifunctionality and Nontrade Concerns
85
Perspective
131
TRIPS and the Protection of Intellectual Property
165
What Role will
193
Risk Precaution
215
International Trade in Genetically Altered Agricultural
239
Environmental Policy and the Reform of European Agriculture
277
Reforming United States Environmental Regulations
301
General Web Addresses
321
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Populāri fragmenti

29. lappuse - ... raising standards of living, ensuring full employment and a large and steadily growing volume of real income and effective demand, and expanding the production of and trade in goods and services, while allowing for the optimal use of the world's resources in accordance with the objective of sustainable development...
32. lappuse - ... substantial improvements in market access; reductions of, with a view to phasing out, all forms of export subsidies; and substantial reductions in trade-distorting domestic support.
260. lappuse - Subject to the requirement that such measures are not applied in a manner which would constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination between countries where the same conditions prevail, or a disguised restriction on international trade...
228. lappuse - Members shall ensure that any sanitary or phytosanitary measure is applied only to the extent necessary to protect human, animal or plant life or health, is based on scientific principles and is not maintained without sufficient scientific evidence, except as provided for in paragraph 7 of Article 5.
178. lappuse - Any civil action for patent infringement may be brought in the judicial district where the defendant resides, or where the defendant has committed acts of infringement and has a regular and established place of business.
245. lappuse - In order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by States according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation.
132. lappuse - The objectives of the common agricultural policy shall be: (a) to increase agricultural productivity by promoting technical progress and by ensuring the rational development of agricultural production and the optimum utilization of the factors of production, in particular labour...
243. lappuse - Biological diversity" means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part: this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.

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