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misleading or knowingly inaccurate reports concerning crop or market information or conditions that affect or tend to affect the price of grain in interstate commerce, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both, together with the costs of prosecution. (Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 9, 42 Stat. 1003; 7 U.S. C., sec. 13.)

316. Effect of partial invalidity.—If any provision of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the Act and of the application of such provision to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby. (Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 10, 42 Stat. 1003; 7 U. S. C., sec, 17.)

317. No punishment for violations before first day of second month following passage of act.—No fine or imprisonment shall be imposed for any violation of this Act occurring before the first day of the second month following its passage. (Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 11, 42 Stat. 1003; 7 U. S. C., sec. 14.)

318. Cooperation with Government, State, etc., agencies; appointment, removal, and compensation of officers and employees; expenses; appropriations authorized.-The Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person; and shall have the power to appoint, remove, and fix the compensation of such officers and employees, not in conflict with existing law, and make such expenditures for rent outside the District of Columbia, printing, telegrams, telephones, law books, books of reference, periodicals, furniture, stationery, office equipment, travel, and other supplies and expenses as shall be necessary to the administration of this Act in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, and there are hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for such purposes. (Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 12, 42 Stat. 1003; 7 U. S.C., sec. 16.)

COTTON STANDARDS ACT

319. Short title of act.-- That this Act shall be known by the short title of " United States Cotton Standards Act." (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 1, 42 Stat. 1517; 7 U.S. C., sec. 51.)

320. Extension of classification facilities to cotton growers.—That the Secretary of Agriculture be requested to extend to cotton growers facilities for the classification of cotton authorized in the United States Cotton Standards Act of March 4, 1923 (42 Stat. L. 1517) [7 U. S. C., sec. 51), with such supervision of licensed classifiers as he shall deem necessary under authority of the United States Cotton Futures Act. (Mar. 4, 1933, sec. 1, 47 Stat. 1621; 7 U. S. C., sec. 51a.)

321. Licensing samplers; revocation and suspension of license.—Further to carry out the purposes of the said United States Cotton Standards Act the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to issue to any qualified person, upon presentation of satisfactory evidence of competency, a license to sample cotton. Any such license may be suspended or

revoked by the Secretary of Agriculture whenever he is satisfied that such licensee is incompetent or has knowingly or carelessly sampled cotton improperly, or has violated any provision of said Act or the regulations thereunder so far as the same may relate to him, or has used his license, or allowed it to be used, for any improper purpose. The Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe by regulation the conditions under which licenses may be issued hereunder, and may require any licensed sampler to give bond for the faithful performance of his duties and for the protection of persons affected thereby and may prescribe the conditions under which cotton shall be sampled by licensed samplers for the purpose of classification by officers of the Department of Agriculture, or by licensed cotton classifiers.

(Mar. 4, 1933, sec. 2, 47 Stat. 1621; 7 U. S. C., sec. 51b.)

322. Use of nonofficial standards unlawful; sales by sample excepted.That it shall be unlawful (a) in or in connection with any transaction or shipment in commerce made after this Act shall become effective, or (b) in any publication of a price or quotation determined in or in connection with any transaction or shipment in commerce after this Act shall become effective, or (c) in any classification for the purposes of or in connection with a transaction or shipment in commerce after this Act shall become effective, for any person to indicate for any cotton a grade or other class which is of or within the official cotton standards of the United States then in effect under this Act by a name, description, or designation, or any system of names, description, or designation not used in said standards: Provided, That nothing herein shall prevent a transaction otherwise lawful by actual sample or on the basis of a private type which is used in good faith and not in evasion of or substitution for said standards. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 2, 42 Stat. 1517; 7 U. S. C., sec. 52.)

323. Licensing classifiers; suspension or revocation.--That the Secretary of Agriculture may, upon presentation of satisfactory evidence of competency, issue to any person a license to grade or otherwise classify cotton and to certificate the grade or other class thereof in accordance with the official cotton standards of the United States. Any such license may be suspended or revoked by the Secretary of Agriculture whenever he is satisfied, after reasonable opportunity afforded to the licensee for a hearing, that such licensee is incompetent or has knowingly or carelessly classified cotton improperly, or has violated any provision of this Act or the regulations thereunder so far as the same may relate to him, or has used his license or allowed it to be used for any improper purpose. Pending investigation the Secretary of Agriculture, whenever he deems necessary, may suspend a license temporarily without a hearing. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 3, 42 Stat. 1517, 7 U.S. C., sec. 53.)

324. Classification by Department; certificate; regulations for submitting samples for classification. That any person who has custody of or a financial interest in any cotton may submit the same or samples thereof, drawn in accordance with the regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, to such officer or officers of the Department of Agriculture as may be designated for the purpose pursuant to the regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture for a determination of the true classification of such cotton or samples, including the comparison thereof, if requested, with types or other samples submitted for the purpose. The final certificate of the Department of Agriculture showing such determination shall be binding on officers of the United States and shall be accepted in the courts of the United States as prima facie evidence of the true classification or comparison of such cotton or samples when involved in any transaction or shipment in commerce. The Secretary of Agriculture shall fix rules and regulations for submitting samples of cotton for classification providing that all samples shall be numbered so that no one interested in the transaction involved shall be known by any classifier engaged in the classification of such cotton samples. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 4, 42 Stat. 1517; 7 U. S. C., sec. 54.)

325. Charges for licenses and classification. That the Secretary of Agriculture may cause to be collected such charges as he may find to be reasonable for licenses issued to classifiers of cotton under section 3 [7 U. S. C., sec. 53], and for determinations made under section 4 of this Act [7 Ú. S. C., sec. 54), and the amounts so collected shall be used by the Secretary of Agriculture in paying expenses of the Department of Agriculture connected therewith. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 5, 42 Stat. 15, 18; 7 U.S. C., sec. 55.)

326. Establishment of cotton standards; furnishing copies of standards.—That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to establish from time to time standards for the classification of cotton by which its quality or value may be judged or determined for commercial purposes, which shall be known as the official cotton standards of the United States. Any such standard or change or replacement thereof shall become effective only on and after a date specified in the order of the Secretary of Agriculture establishing the same, which date shall be not less than one year after the date of such order: Provided, That the official cotton standards established, effective August 1, 1923, under the United States Cotton Futures Act shall be at the same time the official cotton standards for the purpose of this Act unless and until changed or replaced under this Act. Whenever any standard or change or replacement thereof shall become effective under this Act, it shall also, when so specified in the order of the Secretary of Agriculture, become effective for the purpose of the United States Cotton Futures Act and supersede any inconsistent standard established under said Act. Whenever the official cotton standards of the United States established under this Act shall be represented by practical forms, the Department of Agriculture shall furnish copies thereof, upon request, to any person, and the cost thereof, as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture, shall be paid by the person making the request. The Secretary of Agriculture may cause such copies to be certified under the seal of the Department of Agriculture and may attach such conditions to the purchase and use thereof, including provision for the inspection, condemnation, and exchange thereof by duly authorized representatives of the Department of Agriculture, as he may find to be necessary to the proper application of the official cotton standards of the United States. Any moneys received from or in connection with the sale of cotton purchased for the preparation of such copies and condemned as unsuitable for such use or with the sale of such copies may be ex

pended for the purchase of other cotton for such use. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 6; 42 Stat. 1518; 7 U.S. C., secs. 56, 57.)

327. Inspection and sampling of cotton.—That in order to carry out the provisions of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cause the inspection, including the sampling, of any cotton involved in any transaction or shipment in commerce, wherever such cotton may be found, or of any cotton with respect to which a determination of the true classification is requested under section 4 of this Act [7 U. S. C., sec. 54]. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 7, 42 Stat. 1518; 7 U.S. C., sec. 58.)

328. Offenses in relation to cotton standards. That it shall be unlaw. ful for any person (a) with intent to deceive or defraud, to make, receive, use, or have in his possession any simulate or counterfeit practical form or copy of any standard or part thereof established under this Act; or (b) without the written authority of the Secretary of Agriculture, to make, alter, tamper with, or in any respect change any practical form or copy of any standard established under this Act; or (c) to display or use any such practical form or copy after the Secretary of Agriculture shall have caused it to be condemned. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 8, 42 Stat. 1519; 7 U. S. C., sec. 59.)

329. Penalties for violation. That (a) any person who shall knowingly violate any provision of sections 2 or 8 of this Act [7 U. S. C., secs. 52, 59], or (b) any person licensed under this Act who, for the purposes of or in connection with any transaction or shipment in commerce, shall knowingly classify cotton improperly, or shall knowingly falsify or forge any certificate of classification, or shall accept money or other consideration, either directly or indirectly, for any neglect or improper performance of duty as such licensee, or (c) any person who shall knowingly influence improperly or attempt to infuence improperly any person licensed under this Act in the performance of his duties as such licensee relating to any transaction or shipment in commerce, or (d) any person who shall forcibly assault, resist, impede, or interfere with or influence improperly or attempt to influence improperly any person employed under this Act in the performance of his duties, shall, upon conviction thereof, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not exceeding $1,000, or imprisoned not exceeding six months, or both, in the discretion of the court. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 9, 42 Stat. 1519; 7 U. S. C., sec. 60.)

330. General regulations; investigations, tests, etc., by Secretary.—That for the purposes of this Act the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be promulgated such regulations, may cause such investigations, tests, demonstrations, and publications to be made, including the investigation and determination of some practical method whereby repeated and unnecessary sampling and classification of cotton may be avoided, and may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person, as he shall find to be necessary. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 10, 42 Stat. 1519; 7 U.S. C., sec. 61.)

331. Definitions; liability of principal for act of agent. That wherever used in this Act, (a) the word “person" imports the plural or the singular, as the case demands, and includes an individual, partner

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ship, a corporation, or two or more persons having a joint or common interest; (b) the word “ commerce means commerce between any State or the District of Columbia and any place outside thereof, or between points within the same State or the District of Columbia but through any place outside thereof, or within the District of Columbia; and (c) the word “cotton” means cotton of any variety produced within the continental United States, including linters. When construing and enforcing the provisions of this Act, the act, omission, or failure of any agent, officer, or other person acting for or employed by any person, within the scope of his employment or office, shall in every case be deemed also the act, omission, or failure of such person as well as that of such agent, officer, or other person. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 11, 42 Stat. 1519; 7 U. S. C., secs. 62, 63.)

332. Appropriations for; officers and employees; expenses.—That there are hereby authorized to be appropriated out of any moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for carrying out the provisions of this Act; and the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, within the limits of such appropriations, to appoint, remove, and fix the compensations of such officers and employees, not in conflict with existing law, and make such expenditures for rent outside the District of Columbia, printing, telegrams, telephones, law books, books of reference, periodicals, furniture, stationery, office equipment, travel, and other supplies and expenses as shall be necessary to the administration of this Act in the District of Columbia and elsewhere. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 12, 42 Stat. 1519; 7 U. S. C., sec. 64.)

333. Partial invalidity of act.—That if any provision of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the Act and the application of such provision to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby. (Mar. 4, 1923, sec. 13, 42 Stat. 1519; 7 U.S. C., sec. 65.)

GRAIN STANDARDS ACT

334. Short title of act; definitions; liability of principal for act of agent.—That this Act shall be known by the short title of the United States grain standards Act.” The word “ person”, wherever used in this Act, shall be construed to import the plural or singular, as the case demands, and shall include individuals, associations, partnerships, and corporations; the words “ in interstate or foreign commerce wherever used in this Act, mean “from any State, Territory, or District to or through any other State, Territory, or District, or to or through any foreign country, or within any Territory or District.” When construing and enforcing the provisions of this Act, the act, omission, or failure of any official, agent, or other person acting for or employed by any association, partnership, or corporation within the scope of his employment or office shall, in every case, also be deemed the act, omission, or failure of such association, partnership, or corporation as well as that of the person. (Aug. 11, 1916, sec. 1, 39 Stat. 482; 7 U. S. C., secs. 71-73.)

335. Establishment of grain standards by Secretary; promulgation.That the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to investigate the handling, grading, and transportation of grain and to fix and es

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