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and transportation for the purpose of holding conventions or meetings at Washington and elsewhere; and
Whereas the expenditure of Government funds for such purposes is against the policy of Congress: Therefore be it
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, unless specifically provided by law, no moneys from funds appropriated for any purpose shall be used for the purpose of lodging, feeding, conveying, or furnishing transportation to, any conventions or other form of assemblage or gathering to be held in the District of Columbia or elsewhere. This section shall not be construed to prohibit the payment of expenses of any officer or employee of the Government in the discharge of his official duties.
The President is hereby requested to send a copy of this resolution to the heads of all Government departments and agencies which have been granted lump-sum appropriations. (Feb. 2, 1935, Public Res. 2, 74th Cong.)
1742. Same; 4-H Boys and Girls Clubs excepted.—That nothing contained in the Act of February 2, 1935 (Public Resolution Numbered 2, Seventy-fourth Congress), shall be construed to prohibit the Secretary of Agriculture from paying the necessary expenses for assemblages of the 4-H Boys and Girls Clubs, called by the Secretary of Agriculture in the District of Columbia or elsewhere, in the furtherance of the cooperative extension work of the Department. (June 17, 1935, Public Res. 32, 74th Cong.)
1743. Appropriations for public buildings available until completion of work.—That all moneys heretofore appropriated for the construction of public buildings and now remaining to the credit of the same on the books of the Treasury Department, or which may hereafter be appropriated for such buildings, shall remain available until the completion of the work for which they are, or may be, appropriated; and upon the final completion of each or any of said buildings, and the payment of all outstanding liabilities therefor, the balance or balances remaining shall be immediately covered into the Treasury. (June 23, 1874, sec. 1, 18 Stat. 275; 31 U. S. C., sec. 682.)
1744. Purchase or manufacture of stores or materials or performance of services by bureau or department for another.(a) Any executive department or independent establishment of the Government, or any bureau or office thereof, if funds are available therefor and if it is determined by the head of such executive department, establishment, bureau, or office to be in the interest of the Government so to do, may place orders with any other such department, establishment, bureau, or office for materials, supplies, equipment, work, or services, of any kind that such requisitioned Federal agency may be in a position to supply or equipped to render, and shall pay promptly by check to such Federal agency as may be requisitioned, upon its written request, either in advance or upon the furnishing or performance thereof, all or part of the estimated or actual cost thereof as determined by such department, establishment, bureau, or office as may be requisitioned; but proper adjustments on the basis of the actual cost of the material, supplies, or equipment furnished, or work or services performed, paid for in advance, shall be made as may be agreed upon by the departments, establishments, bureaus, or offices concerned: Provided, however, That if such work or services can be as conveniently or more cheaply performed by private agencies such work shall be let by competitive bids to such private agencies. Bills rendered, or requests for advance payments made, pursuant to any such order, shall not be subject to audit or certification in advance of payment.
(b) Amounts paid as provided in subsection (a) shall be credited, (1) in the case of advance payments, to special working funds, or (2) in the case of payments other than advance payments, to the appropriations or funds against which charges have been made pursuant to any such order, except as hereinafter provided. The Secretary of the Treasury shall establish such special working funds as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection. Such amounts paid shall be available for expenditure in furnishing the materials, supplies, or equipment, or in performing the work or services, or for the objects specified in such appropriations or funds. Where materials, supplies, or equipment are furnished from stocks on hand, the amounts received in payment therefor shall be credited to appropriations or funds, as may be authorized by other law, or, if not so authorized, so as to be available to replace the materials, supplies, or equipment, except that where the head of any such department, establishment, bureau, or office determines that such replacement is not necessary the amounts paid shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.
(c) Orders placed as provided in subsection (a) shall be considered as obligations upon appropriations in the same manner as orders or contracts placed with private contractors. Advance payments credited to a special working fund shall remain available until expended. (Mar. 4, 1915, sec. 1, 38 Stat. 1084; May 21, 1920, sec. 7, 41 Stat. 613, June 30, 1932, sec. 601, 47 Stat. 417; 31 Ú. S. C., sec. 686.)
1745. Former act effective as to funds transferred prior to amendment; convict labor; new provisions as additions.-(a) Notwithstanding the provisions of this title, such section 7 [31 U. S. C., sec. 686], as in force prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, shall remain in force with respect to the disposition of funds transferred thereunder prior to such date.
(b) Nothing in this title shall be construed to authorize any Government department or independent establishment, or any bureau or office thereof, to place any orders for material, supplies, equipment, work, or services to be furnished or performed by convict labor, except as otherwise provided by existing law.
(c) The provisions of this title are in addition to and not in substitution for the provisions of any other law relating to working funds. (June 30, 1932, sec. 602, 47 Stat. 418; 31 U. S. C., sec. 686b.)
1746. Balances of appropriations; expenditure. -All balances of appropriations contained in the annual appropriation bills and made specifically for the service of any fiscal year, and remaining unexpended at the expiration of such fiscal year, shall only be applied to the payment of expenses properly incurred during that year, or to the fulfillment of contracts properly made within that year; and balances not needed for such purposes shall be carried to the surplus fund. This section, however, shall not apply to appropriations known as permanent or indefinite appropriations. (R. S., sec. 3690; 31 U. S. C., sec. 712.)
1747. Balances of appropriations; carried to surplus funds.—That from and after the first day of July, the Secretary of the Treasury shall cause all unexpended balances of appropriations which shall have remained upon the books of the Treasury for two fiscal years to be carried to the surplus fund and covered into the Treasury: Provided, That this provision shall not apply to permanent specific appropriations, appropriations for rivers, harbors, lighthouses, or public buildings, or the pay of the Navy and Marine Corps; but the appropriations named in this proviso shall continue available until otherwise ordered by Congress. (June 20, 1874, sec. 5, 18 Stat. 110; July 26, 1886, sec. 2, 24 Stat. 157; Mar. 3, 1919, sec. 6, 40 Stat. 1309; 31 U.S. C., sec. 713.)
1748. Balances of appropriations; reports to Congress as to claims.It shall be the duty of the General Accounting Office to continue to receive, examine, and consider the justice and validity of all claims under appropriations the balances of which have been exhausted or carried to the surplus fund under the provisions of said section [31 U. S. C., sec. 713] that may be brought before them within a period of five years. And the Secretary of the Treasury shall report the amount due each claimant, at the commencement of each session, to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who shall lay the same before Congress for consideration: Provided, That nothing in this act shall be construed to authorize the reexamination and payment of any claim or account which has been once examined and rejected, unless reopened in accordance with existing law. (June 14, 1878, sec. 4, 20 Stat. 115; June 10, 1921, sec. 304, 42 Stat. 24; 31 U. S. C., sec. 714.)
1749. Disposal of balances after 2 years.--All balances of appropriations which shall have remained on the books of the Treasury, without being drawn against in the settlement of accounts, for two years from the date of the last appropriation made by law, shall be reported by the Secretary of the Treasury to the General Accounting Office, the proper officer of which shall examine the books of such office and certify to the Secretary whether such balances will be required in the settlement of any accounts pending in such office; and if it appears that such balances will not be required for this purpose, then the Secretary may include such balances in his surplusfund warrant, whether the head of the proper Department shall have certified that it may be carried into the general Treasury or not. But no appropriation for the payment of the interest or principal of the public debt, or to which a longer duration is given by law, shall be thus treated. (R. S., sec. 3691; June 10, 1921, sec. 304, 42 Stat. 24; 31 U. S. C., sec. 715.)
1750. Reappropriation to another purpose construed as new appropriation. That the reappropriation and diversion of the unexpended balance of any appropriation to a purpose other than that for which it was originally made shall be construed and accounted hereafter as a new appropriation and the unexpended balance shall be reduced by the sum proposed to be so diverted. (Mar. 4, 1915, sec. 4, 38 Stat. 1161; 31 U.S. C., sec. 717.)
1751. Appropriations in annual appropriation acts not permanent.-No specific or indefinite appropriation made hereafter in any regular annual appropriation Act shall be construed to be permanent or available continuously without reference to a fiscal year unless it belongs to one of the following four classes : “ Rivers and harbors” "lighthouses " "public buildings ”, and “pay of the Navy and Marine Corps”, last specifically named in and excepted from the operation of the provisions of the so-called “covering-in Act” approved June twentieth, eighteen hundred and seventy-four [31 U. S. C., sec. 713], or unless it is made in terms expressly providing that it shall continue available beyond the fiscal year for which the appropriation Act in which it is contained makes provision. (Aug. 24, 1912, sec. 7, 37 Stat. 487; Mar. 3, 1919, 40 Stat. 1309; 31 Ù. S. C., sec. 718.)
PERMANENT APPROPRIATION REPEAL ACT
1752. Repeal of permanent appropriations: Meat inspection; National Forest Reservation Commission.-(a) Effective July 1, 1935, the permanent appropriations under the appropriation titles listed in subsection (b) of this section are repealed, and such portions of any Acts as make permanent appropriations to be expended under such accounts are amended so as to authorize, in lieu thereof, annual appropriations from the general fund of the Treasury in identical terms and in such amounts as now provided by the laws providing such permanent appropriations, except that any appropriation for “Adjusted losses and contingencies, postal fund”, is authorized to be made from the postal revenues. Any unobligated balances remaining in the permanent appropriations under these accounts on June 30, 1935, shall be covered into the surplus fund of the Treasury: Provided, That in addition to amounts in lieu of the permanent appropriation “Meat Inspection, Bureau of Animal Industry (fiscal year), there is authorized to be appropriated such other sums as may be necessary in the enforcement of the meat inspection laws (U. S. C., title 21, secs. 71 to 96, inclusive).
(b) (3) Meat inspection, Bureau of Animal Industry (fiscal year) (3-114).
(4) National Forest Reservation Commission (fiscal year) (3-494). (June 26, 1934, sec. 2, 48 Stat. 1225; 31 U.S. C., sec. 725a.)
1753. Receipts from account entitled "Migratory bird conservation fund” deposited into Treasury as miscellaneous receipts.-(a) Effective July 1, 1935, all receipts of the character theretofore credited to the appropriation accounts appearing on the books of the Government and listed in subsection (b) of this section shall be deposited into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts, and amounts equal thereto are authorized to be appropriated annually from the general fund of the Treasury for the same purposes for which such receipts are now appropriated. Appropriations to which expenditures under such accounts have been chargeable theretofore are hereby repealed, effective on such date: Provided, That if the total of receipts for any one fiscal year for any of the foregoing purposes under this authority is greater than the amounts appropriated for such purpose, such excess is authorized to be appropriated for the following fiscal year.
(b) (29) After June 30, 1936, migratory bird conservation fund (3s362). (June 26, 1934, séc. 4, 48 Stat. 1227; 31 U. S. C., sec. 725c.)
1754. Accounts entitled "Expenses, Cotton Standards Act” , and “Classification of Cotton, revolving fund”, abolished.-(a) Effective July 1, 1935, the apropriation accounts appearing on the books of the Government and listed in subsection (b) of this section are abolished, and any unobligated balances under such accounts as of that date shall be covered into the surplus fund of the Treasury. Any appropriations to which expenditures under such accounts have been chargeable theretofore are hereby repealed, effective on such date. To the extent that the annual appropriations, which are hereby authorized to be made from the general fund of the Treasury for the same purposes for which expenditures are now made from said accounts, are insufficient, there are hereby authorized to be appropriated from the general fund of the Treasury such additional amounts as may be necessary, to the extent that the amounts of such receipts are in excess of the amounts appropriated.
b) (1) Expenses, Cotton Standards Act (35535).
(2) Classification of cotton, revolving fund (35320). (June 26, 1934, sec. 5, 48 Stat. 1228, 31 U. S. C., sec. 725d.)
1755. Appropriation account entitled “ Refunding moneys erroneously received and covered (Agriculture)”, and “Refund to depositors, excess of deposits, national forest fund” abolished.-Effective July 1, 1935, the appropriation accounts appearing on the books of the Government and listed in subsection (b) of this section, as well as appropriation accounts bearing similar titles on the books of the Government, are abolished, and any unobligated balances under such accounts as of June 30, 1935, shall be covered into the surplus fund of the Treasury. Any appropriations, to which expenditures under such accounts have been chargeable theretofore, are repealed. On July 1, 1935, there shall be established on the books of the Government an account to be designated “Refund of Moneys Erroneously Received and Covered”, and there is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to meet any expenditures of the character now chargeable to the appropriation accounts herein abolished and other collections erroneously received and covered which are not properly chargeable to any other appropriation. The Secretary of the Treasury shall submit with his annual estimates of appropriations an amount necessary to meet expenditures properly chargeable to this account: Provided, That this authority shall not be deemed to apply to any refunds which, under existing law, may be charged to any accounts for which separate provision is made in this Act.
(b) (9) Refunding moneys erroneously received and covered (Agriculture) (3x010).
(18) Refund to depositors, excess of deposits, national-forests fund (3x208). (June 26, 1934, sec. 18, 48 Stat. 1231; 31 U. S. C., sec. 7259.)
1756. Classification of funds for “ Cooperative work, Forest Service”, as trust funds.-(a) The funds appearing on the books of the Government and listed in subsections (b) and (c) of this section shall be