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submission to Congress do not in form and arrangement comply with the provisions of section four of the legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation Act, approved June twenty-second, nineteen hundred and six [31 U. S. C., sec. 586], they shall be rearranged so as to comply with said requirements of law. (Mar. 4, 1909, sec. 4, 35 Stat. 907; June 10, 1921, secs. 204, 215, 42 Stat. 21, 23; 31 U.S. C., sec. 587.)

1718. Estimates for printing and binding; only appropriations made for printing and binding to be used therefor.--Hereafter there shall be submitted in the regular annual estimates under and as a part of the expenses for “ Printing and binding", estimates for all printing and binding required by each of the Executive Departments, their bureaus and offices, and other Government establishments at Washington, District of Columbia, for each fiscal year; and after the fiscal year nineteen hundred and seven no appropriations other than those made specifically and solely for printing and binding shall be used for such purposes in any Executive Department or other Government establishment in the District of Columbia : Provided, That nothing in this section shall apply to stamped envelopes, or envelopes and articles of stationery other than letter heads and note heads, printed in the course of manufacture. (June 30, 1906, sec. 2, 34 Stat. 762; June 10, 1921, sec. 215, 42 Stat. 23; 31 U. S. C., sec. 588.)

1719. Estimates for printing and binding. The head of each of the Executive Departments, and every other public officer who is authorized to have printing and binding done at the Government Printing-Office for the use of his Department or public office, shall include in his annual estimate for appropriations for the next fiscal year such sum or sums as may to him seem necessary.“ for printing and binding, to be executed under the direction of the Public Printer.” (R. S., sec. 3661, Jan. 12, 1895, sec. 17, 28 Stat. 603; 31 U. S. C., sec. 589.)

1720. Estimates for salaries.-All estimates for the compensation of officers authorized by law to be employed shall be founded upon the express provisions of law, and not upon the authority of executive distribution (R. S., sec. 3662; 31 U. S. C., sec. 591.)

1721. Requisites of estimate for appropriations for public works.Whenever any estimate submitted to the Bureau of the Budget asks an appropriation for any new specific expenditure, such as the erection of a public building, or the construction of any public work, requiring a plan before the building or work can be properly completed, such estimate shall be accompanied by full plans and detailed estimates of the cost of the whole work. All subsequent estimates for any such work shall state the original estimated cost, the aggregate amount theretofore appropriated for the same, and the amount actually expended thereupon, as well as the amount asked for the current year for which such estimate is made. And if the amount asked is in excess of the original estimate, the full reasons for the excess, and the extent of the anticipated excess, shall be also stated. (R. S., sec. 3663; Feb. 27, 1877, sec. 1, 19 Stat. 249; June 10, 1921, sec. 215, 42 Stat. 23; 31 U. S. C., sec. 594.)

1722. Estimates; additional explanations.—Whenever the head of a Department, being about to submit to Congress the annual estimates

of expenditures required for the coming year, finds that the usual items of such estimates vary materially in amount from the appropriation ordinarily asked for the object named, and especially from the appropriation granted for the same objects for the preceding year, and whenever new items not theretofore usual are introduced into such estimates for any year, he shall accompany the estimates by minute and full explanations of all such variations and new items, showing the reasons and grounds upon which the amounts are required, and the different items added. (R. S., sec. 3664; 31 U. S. C., sec. 597.)

1723. Same; amount of outstanding appropriations designated.—The head of each Department, in submitting to Congress his estimates of expenditures required in his Department during the year then approaching, shall designate not only the amount required to be appropriated for the next fiscal year, but also the amount of the outstanding appropriation, if there be any, which will probably be required for each particular item of expenditure. (R. S., sec. 3665; 31 U. S. C., sec. 598.)

1724. Same; estimates for Department of Agriculture. — The Secretary of Agriculture shall transmit to Congress in the annual estimates detailed estimates for all executive officers, clerks, and employees below the grade of clerk, indicating the salary or compensation of each, necessary to be employed by the various bureaus, offices, and divisions of the Department of Agriculture (June 3, 1902, 32 Stat. 303; Mar. 4, 1915, 38 Stat. 1108; Aug. 11, 1916, 39 Stat. 492; June 10, 1931, sec. 204, 42 Stat. 21; May 29, 1928, pars. 89, 93, 45 Stat. 986, 992; 617 U. S. C., sec. 617.)

1725. Estimates; elimination of unnecessary words.—The Bureau of the Budget shall also, as nearly as may be practicable, eliminate from all such estimates unnecessary words and make uniform the language commonly used in expressing purposes or conditions of appropriations. (June 23, 1913, sec. 3, 38 Stat. 75; June 10, 1921, sec. 204, 42 Stat. 21, 22; 31 U. S. C., sec. 623.)

1726. Statements of money received from proceeds of public property or other sources, and of payments therefrom.- Hereafter the Secretary of the Treasury shall require, and it shall be the duty of the head of each Executive Department or other Government establishment to furnish him, within thirty days after the close of each fiscal year, a statement of all money arising from proceeds of public property of any kind or from any source other than the postal service, received by said head of Deparmtent or other Government establishment during the previous fiscal year for or on account of the public service, or in any other manner in the discharge of his official duties other than as salary or compensation, which was not paid into the General Treasury of the United States together with a detailed account of all payments, if any, made from such funds during such year. All such statements, together with a similar statement applying to the Treasury Department, shall be transmitted by the Secretary of the Treasury to Congress at the beginning of each regular session. (June 30, 1906, sec. 5, 34 Stat. 763; 31 U. S. C., sec. 626.)

1727. Estimates; statements accompanying.-The Bureau of the Budget shall submit, as a part of the appendix to the annual estimates such extracts from the annual reports of the several heads of Departments and Bureaus as relate to estimates for appropriations, and the necessities therefor. (Mar. 3, 1875, sec. 3, 18 Stat. 370; June 10, 1921, secs. 204, 207, 42 Stat. 21, 22, 31 U. S. C., sec. 624.)

1728. Construction of appropriation acts.—No Act of Congress hereafter passed shall be construed to make an appropriation out of the Treasury of the United States, or to authorize the execution of a contract involving the payment of money in excess of appropriations made by law, unless such Act shall in specific terms declare an appropriation to be made or that a contract may be executed. (June 30, 1906, sec. 9, 34 Stat. 764; 31 U. S. C. 627.)

1729. Application of moneys appropriated.-All sums appropriated for the various branches of expenditure in the public service shall be applied solely to the objects for which they are respectively made, and for no others. (R. S., sec. 3678; 31 U. S. C., sec. 628.)

1730. Lump-sum appropriations not available for increased salaries.That no part of any money contained herein or hereafter appropriated in lump sum shall be available for the payment of personal services at a rate of compensation in excess of that paid for the same or similar services during the preceding fiscal year; nor shall any person employed at a specific salary be hereafter transferred and hereafter paid from a lump-sum appropriation a rate of compensation greater than such specific salary, and the heads of departments shall cause this provision to be enforced : Provided, That this section shall not apply to mechanics, artisans, their helpers and assistants, laborers, or any other employees whose duties are of similar character and required in carrying on the various manufacturing or constructing operations of the Government. (Aug. 26, 1912, sec. 7, 37 Stat. 626; Mar. 4, 1913, sec. 4, 37 Stat. 790; 31 U. S. C., sec. 629.)

1731. Lump-sum appropriations; salaries of scientific and technical workers.—That hereafter section seven of the Act approved August twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred and twelve (Thirty-seventh Statutes, page six hundred and twenty-six), and any amendments thereto [31 U. S. C., sec. 629], shall not apply to the payment, out of moneys appropriated or which may be hereafter appropriated in lump sum for the Department of Agriculture, for personal services of employees engaged in strictly scientific or technical work: Provided, That nothing contained herein shall be construed to authorize the transfer of any person employed at a specific salary and the payment of compensation from lump-sum appropriations at a rate greater than said specific salary. (Mar. 4, 1913, 37 Stat. 854; 31 Ú. S. C., sec. 630.)

1732. Expenditures in excess of appropriations; voluntary service forbidden; apportionment of appropriations for contingent expenses or other general purposes.—No Executive Department or other Government establishment of the United States shall expend, in any one fiscal year, any sum in excess of appropriations made by Congress for that fiscal year, or involve the Government in any contract or other obligation for the future payment of money in excess of such appropriations unless such contract or obligation is authorized by law. Nor shall any Department or any officer of the Government accept voluntary service for the Government or employ personal service in excess of that authorized by law, except in cases of sudden emergency involving the loss of human life or the destruction of prop

erty. All appropriations made for contingent expenses or other general purposes, except appropriations made in fulfillment of contract obligations expressly authorized by law, or for objects required or authorized by law without reference to the amounts annually appropriated therefor, shall, on or before the beginning of each fiscal year, be so apportioned by monthly or other allotments as to prevent expenditures in one portion of the year which may necessitate deficiency or additional appropriations to complete the service of the fiscal year for which said appropriations are made; and all such apportionments shall be adhered to and shall not be waived or modified except upon the happening of some extraordinary emergency or unusual circumstance which could not be anticipated at the time of making such apportionment, but this provision shall not apply to the contingent appropriations of the Senate or House of Representatives; and in case said apportionments are waived or modified as herein provided, the same shall be waived or modified in writing by the head of such Executive Department or other Government establishment having control of the expenditure, and the reasons therefor shall be fully set forth in each particular case and communicated to Congress in connection with estimates for any additional appropriations required on account thereof. Any person violating any provision of this section shall be summarily removed from office and may also be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not less than one month. (R. S., sec. 3679; Mar. 3, 1905, sec. 4, 33 Stat. 1257; Feb. 27, 1906, sec. 3, 34 Stat. 48; 31 U. S. C., sec. 665.)

1733. Apportionment of contingent funds to offices and bureaus.—That in addition to the apportionment required by the so-called antideficiency Act, approved February twenty-seventh, nineteen hundred and six (Statutes at Large, volume thirty-four, page forty-nine) [31 U. S. C., sec. 665], the head of each executive department shall, on or before the beginning of each fiscal year, apportion to each office or bureau of his department the maximum amount to be expended therefor during the fiscal year out of the contingent fund or funds appropriated for the entire year for the department, and the amounts so apportioned shall not be increased or diminished during the year for which made except upon the written direction of the head of the department, in which there shall be fully expressed his reasons therefor; and hereafter there shall not be purchased out of any other fund any article for use in any office or bureau of any executive department in Washington, District of Columbia, which could be purchased out of the appropriations made for the regular contingent funds of such department or of its offices or bureaus. (Aug. 23, 1912, sec. 6, 37 Stat. 414; 31 U. S. C., sec. 669.)

1734. Footing of paragraphs to determine amount appropriated.—That hereafter the total amount appropriated in the various paragraphs of an appropriation Act shall be determined by the correct footing up of the specific sums or rates appropriated in each paragraph contained therein unless otherwise expressly provided. (May 28, 1896, sec. 1, 29 Stat. 148; 31 U.S. C., sec. 670.)

1735. Expenses of commissions and inquiries.--No accounting or disbursing officer of the Government shall allow or pay any account or charge whatever, growing out of, or in any way connected with, any commission or inquiry, except courts-martial or courts of inquiry in the military or naval service of the United States, until special appropriations shall have been made by law to pay such accounts and charges. This section, however, shall not extend to the contingent fund connected with the foreign intercourse of the Government, placed at the disposal of the President. (R. S., sec. 3681, 31 U. S. C., sec. 672.)

1736. Use of public moneys or appropriations for compensation or expenses of commission; details from executive departments to such commission.—That hereafter no part of the public moneys, or of any appropriation heretofore or hereafter made by Congress, shall be used for the payment of compensation or expenses of any commission, council, board, or other similar body, or any members thereof, or for expenses in connection with any work or the results of any work or action of any commission, council, board, or other similar body, unless the creation of the same shall be or shall have been authorized by law; nor shall there be employed by detail, hereafter or heretofore made, or otherwise personal services from any executive department or other government establishment in connection with any such commission, council, board,

or other similar body. (Mar. 4, 1909, sec. 9, 35 Stat. 1027; 31 U. S. C., sec. 673.)

1737. Restriction on contingent appropriations.--No moneys appropriated for contingent, incidental, or miscellaneous purposes shall be expended or paid for official or clerical compensation. (R. S., sec. 3682; 31 U.S. C., sec. 674.)

1738. Purchases from contingent funds.—No part of the contingent fund appropriated to any Department, Bureau, or office, shall be applied to the purchase of any articles except such as the head of the Department shall deem necessary and proper to carry on the business of the Department, Bureau, or office, and shall, by written order, direct to be procured. (R. S., sec. 3683; 31 U. S. C., sec. 675.)

1739. Purchase of books from appropriations for contingent expenses. That hereafter law books, books of reference, and periodicals for use of any Executive Department, or other Government establishment not under an Executive Department, at the seat of Government, shall not be purchased or paid for from any appropriation made for contingent expenses or for any specific or general purpose unless such purchase is authorized and payment therefor specifically provided in the law granting the appropriation. (Mar. 15, 1898, sec. 3, 30 Stat. 316; 31 U. S. C., sec. 678.)

1740. Expenditures from appropriations for private telephone service.That no money appropriated by this or any other Act shall be expended for telephone service installed in any private residence or private apartment or for tolls or other charges for telephone service from private residences or private apartments, except for long. distance telephone tolls required strictly for the public business, and so shown by vouchers duly sworn to and approved by the head of the department, division, bureau, or office in which the official using such telephone or incurring the expense of such tolls shall be employed. (Aug. 23, 1912, sec. 7, 37 Stat. 414; 31 U. S. C., sec. 679.)

1741. Expenditure of moneys for housing, feeding, transporting conventions or meetings prohibited.—Whereas numerous applications are being received from various organizations requesting lodging, food,

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