« iepriekšējāTurpināt »
The foregoing table shows that of 1,105 persons for whom detailed information was secured 49.9 per cent are males and 50.1 per cent are females. The households the heads of which are native-born show a slightly larger proportion of males, consequently a smaller proportion of females, than the households of which are foreign-born. Of the several foreign-born races the proportion of males and females is approximately the same.
In the following table persons for whom detailed information was secured is shown according to sex and by general nativity and race of individual:
TABLE 6.-Persons for whom detailed information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race of individual.
Of the total of 1,105 individuals for whom detailed information was secured, 57.2 per cent are foreign-born males, 32.8 per cent are native-born males of foreign father, and 10 per cent are native whites born of native father, while 52.3 per cent are foreign-born females, 36.5 per cent are native females born of foreign father, and 11.2 per cent are native whites born of native father. In other words, a larger proportion of foreign-born than of second generation. and a larger proportion of second generation than of native-born whites. Of the foreign-born races the South Italian, followed by the Hebrew, shows the largest and, with the exception of certain races that show none, the Canadian other than French the smallest proportion of males. Approximately the same relative positions are occupied by the same races as regards females.
EMPLOYEES FOR WHOM INFORMATION WAS SECURED.
Detailed information was also secured for 908 employees, of whom the number and percentage of each race is shown in the table below according to sex.
TABLE 7.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity
History of Immigration-Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born employees and members of their households-Racial classification of employees at the present time [Text Tables 8 to 14 and General Tables 4 and 5].
HISTORY OF IMMIGRATION.
Data showing in detail the history of immigration to the glovemaking industry is, unfortunately, unavailable. The returns of the United States Bureau of the Census show, however, the general racial composition of the working force at certain periods. From the census figures it is possible to determine the movement of immigration to the industry.
The following table classifies, according to country of birth, the employees of the glove-manufacturing industry in 1880:
TABLE 8.-Number of glove workers in the United States, by country of birth, 1880. [Compiled from United States Census Report, Occupations, 1880.]
The census for 1880 does not give the figures by States. In the country as a whole there were, at the date of the census, 4,511 glove workers. Of these 3,667 were native-born. Among the foreign-born employees, persons born in Great Britain, in Germany, and in Ireland had, in the order mentioned, the largest representation. There were a number of natives of Canada and several natives of Sweden and Norway reported, while 111 workers were classified under the caption "Other countries." It is clear from this table that, in 1880, the proportion of southern and eastern European laborers employed in this industry must have been small.
In the following table the employees of the industry in 1890 are classified according to general nativity and country of birth:
TABLE 9.-Number of glove workers in the United States, by general nativity and country of birth, 1890.
[Compiled from United States Census Report, Occupations, 1890.1
In the census of 1890, as in the one which preceded it, data are given for the United States as a whole, but not for the several States. It will be noted that the classification is somewhat more complete than in the preceding census, native-born white employees being classified according to parentage. In 1890 there were 6,416 glove-manufacturing employees in the United States. Of these 3,567 were native whites of native parents, 1,571 were native whites of foreign parents, 1,266 were foreign-born whites, and 12 were colored persons of unspecified nativity. Among the foreign-born employees persons of British and German nativity had, in the order mentioned, the largest representation. The Irish occupied third place, and there were a number of persons of Canadian, Swedish, Norwegian, and Danish birth, as well as 199 persons born in foreign countries not specified. In this census, as in that of 1880, the native-born employees considerably outnumbered the foreign-born employees, and the proportion of workers of the races of southern and eastern Europe was, clearly, very small. The next table is compiled from the returns of the census of 1900.
TABLE 10.-Number of glove workers in the United States and New York State, by general nativity and country of birth of parents, 1900.
[Compiled from United States Census Report, Occupations, 1900.]
In the above table data are presented for the State of New York and for the United States. The classification is somewhat different from that of the preceding table. Instead of classifying foreign-born employees by country of birth, as did the censuses of 1880 and 1890, the census of 1900 classifies all employees by country of birth of parents and by general nativity. There were, in 1900, 8,320 glove workers in New York and 12,276 in the United States. In New York 5,346 employees were native whites of native parents, 1,593 were native whites of foreign parents, and 1,369 were foreign-born whites, while in the United States 6,417 employees were native whites of native parents, 3,383 were native whites of foreign parents, and 2,414 were foreign-born whites. There were 12 colored employees in New York as compared with 62 for the country as a whole. As in the two preceding tables the native-born employees greatly outnumber the foreign-born employees. The proportion of foreign-born employees was somewhat larger for the country as a whole than for the State of New York. In New York among employees having one or