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HEARINGS

BEFORE A

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON
INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-FIRST CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 12, S. 247, and H. R. 359
BILLS TO PROMOTE THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE;
TO ADVANCE THE NATIONAL HEALTH, PROS-
PERITY, AND WELFARE; TO SECURE
THE NATIONAL DEFENSE, AND

FOR OTHER PURPOSES

MARCH 31, APRIL 1, 4, 5, AND 26, 1949

Printed for the use of the Committee on

Interstate and Foreign Commerce

UNITED STATES

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1949

89560

COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE

ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio, Chairman ALFRED L. BULKWINKLE, North Carolina CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey LINDLEY BECKWORTH, Texas

CARL HINSHAW, California J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee

LEONARD W. HALL, New York OREN HARRIS, Arkansas

JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan

WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania DWIGHT L. ROGERS, Florida

ROBERT HALE, Maine EUGENE J. KEOGH New York

HARRIS ELLSWORTH, Oregon ARTHUR G. KLEIN, New York

JAMES I. DOLLIVER, Iowa THOMAS B. STANLEY, Virginia

JOHN W. HESELTON, Massachusetts JOHN B. SULLIVAN, Missouri

HUGH D, SCOTT, JR., Pennsylvania
WILLIAM T. GRANAHAN, Pennsylvania JOHN B. BENNETT, Michigan
ANDREW J. BIEMILLER, Wisconsin
JOHN A. MCGUIRE, Connecticut
GEORGE H. WILSON, Oklahoma
NEIL J, LINEHAN, Illinois
THOMAS R. UNDERWOOD, Kentucky

ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk
ROYICE W. RENO, Assistant Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC HEALTH, SCIENCE, AND COMMERCE

J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee, Chairman GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan

JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota THOMAS B. STANLEY, Virginia

WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania WILLIAM T. GRANAHAN, Pennsylvania HUGH D. SCOTT, JR., Pennsylvania ANDREW J. BIEMILLER, Wisconsin

JOHN B. BENNETT, Michigan GEORGE H. WILSON, Oklahoma

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CONTENTS

85

Text of-

Pago

H. R. 12_-

1

S. 247.

7

H. R. 359_

12

Statement of -

Anderson, John W., president, National Patent Council -

169

Bakhmeteff, Bous A., committee on science legislation, Engineers

Joint Council -

Bronk, Dr. Detlev W., chairman, National Research Council, and

president, The Johns Hopkins University--

46

Celler, Hon. Emanuel, a Representative in Congress from the State
of New York---

105

Compton, Karl T., representing National Military Establishment_--- 112

Cox, John T., Jr., representing American Institute of Chemical

Engineers --

57

Federico, P. J., examiner in Chief United States Patent Office_-

163

Folk, George E., adviser to committee on patents and research, National

Association of Manufacturers_

67

Gustavson, R. C., chancelor, University of Nebraska-

82, 102

Hammond, Harry P., dean, School of Engineering, Pennsylvania State

College

76

Hill, Myron Francis, president, Gerotor Corp-

191

Kingsland Lawrence C., Commissioner, United States Patent Office 134

Kinney, Harold J., attorney at law, St. Paul, Minn ---

124

Kirkpatrick, Sidney D., on behalf of Associated Business Papers and

National Conference of Business Paper Editors.

136

Lanham, Hon. Fritz G., Fort Worth, Tex_-

145

Potter, A. A., dean of engineering, Purdue University-

192

Teeter, John H., representing American Cancer Society-

60

Trytten, M. H., director, Office of Scientific Personnel, National Re-

search Council --

97

Van Zandt, Hon. James E., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Pennsylvania --

76

Waring, Charles E., chairman, Department of Chemistry, University
of Connecticut---

193

Watson-Watt, Sir Robert, London, England---

52

Wolfe, Dr. Hugh, professor of physics, New York City College, repre-

senting Federation of American Scientists---

88

Wolfe, Dael, secretary Intersociety committee for a National Science

Foundation.-

95

Briefs, letters, reports, statements, tables, etc., submitted for the record

by-

Agriculture Department, reports of_-

31, 37

Aircraft Industries Association of America, Inc., letter from.--

168

American Cancer Society:

The Science Foundation, editorial from New York Times.

62

American Chemical Society, letter from Alden H. Emery, executive

secretary

143

Association of Land-Grant Colleges and Universities, statement of
R. G. Gustavson, chancelor, University of Nebraska..

83

Atomic Energy Commission:

Letter from Carleton Shugg, deputy general manager.

24

Letter from Carroll L. Wilson, general manager-

23

Report on-

H. R. 12 and other bills.

23

H. R. 359..

38

III

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Pag

Briefs, letters, reports, statements, tables, etc., submitted by-Continued

Beach, Clarence E., consulting engineer, statement of.--.

20

Budget Bureau :

Letter of May 5, 1948, from James E. Webb, director

Letter of March 29, 1949, from Frank Pace, Jr., director---

39

Suggested revisions in H. R. 12---

11

Carnegie Institution of Washington, letter from Dr. Vannevar Bush.. 140

Chemical Bulletin, letter from Louis Koenig, associate editor-

207

Civil Service Commission, reports of -

26, 32, 33, 36, 39

Commerce Department, report of.

20

Elwell, George H., statement of...

206
Engineers Joint Council, statement of -

87

Federal Security Agency, report of ----

27

Federation of American Scientists, statement of_

91
Harness, Dickey & Pierce, letter from..

207
Interior Department, report of----

26
Intersociety Committee for a National Science Foundation, statement
of Dr. Dael Wolfle, secretary--

96
Kinney, Harold J., letter from to Mr. Bulwinkle-

132

Labor Department, report of.---

32

Modine Manufacturing Co., letter from..

198

Mount Hope Machinery Co., statement of J. Douglas Robertson,

president-

204

National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics:

Letter from J. F. Victory, executive secretary.

35

Reports of-----

24, 36

National Association of Manufacturers, prepared statement of George

E. Tolk---

72

Nationai Association of State Universities, statement of R. G. Gus-
tavson, chancellor, University of Nebraska.

S3
National Cotton Council of America, statement of..

139
National Military Establishment, report of_

33
National Research Council, statement of M. H. Trytten, director,
Office of Scientific Personnel.--

98

Ohio State University, statement of Charles E. MacQuigg, dean, Col-

lege of Engineering ---

80

Patent Law Association, report of subcommittee on bills-

199

Pennsylvania State College, statement of Harry P. Hammond, dean,

School of Engineering-

79

Priest, Hon. J. Percy:

Excerpt from report of Hoover Commission, regarding research

activities

59

Letter from 15 scientists_

142

State Department, report of.

29

Storey, 0. W., letter from..

196

Swope, Dr. Chester D., statement of..

138
Terrell Machine Co., statement of E. A. Terrell, president-

202
Thomas, Hon. Elbert D., statement of_

143
Treasury Department, reports of_-

25, 26

Universal Oil Products Co., letter from---

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 1949

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE

AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a. m. in room 1334, New House Office Building pursuant to call, Hon. J. Percy Priest (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

Mr. PRIEST. The subcommittee will come to order.

The meeting has been called today for hearings on the National Science Foundation legislation. A number of bills have been introduced. Without objection, at this point in the record bill H. R. 12 will be printed, and the record will show that identical bills, H. R. 185, by Mr. Harris, of Arkansas; H. R. 311, by Mr. Wolverton of New Jersey; H. R. 2751, by Mr. Biemiller, of Wisconsin, have been introduced.

Without objection, there will be printed also at this point in the record, S. 247. Identical bills H. R. 1845, by Mr. Van Zandt, and H. R. 2308, by Mr. Mills, are before the committee.

Without objection, H. R. 359, a bill that differs from all of the others in a number of respects, by Mr. Celler, will be printed at this point in the record.

(H. R. 12, S. 247, and H. R. 359 are as follows:)

[H. R. 12, 81st Cong., 1st sess.)

A BILL To promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity,

and welfare ; to secure the national defense; and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "National Science Foundation Act of 1949,"

ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

SEC. 2. There is hereby established in the executive branch of the Government an independent agency to be known as the National Science Foundation (hereinafter referred to as the "Foundation").

MEMBERSHIP OF FOUNDATION

SEC. 3. (a) The Foundation shall have twenty-four members to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The persons nominated for appointment as members (1) shall be eminent in the fields of the basic sciences, medical science, engineering, education, or public affairs; (2) shall be selected solely on the basis of established records of distinguished service; and (3) shall be so selected as to provide representation of the views of scientific leaders in all areas of the Nation. The President is requested, in the making of nominations of persons for appointment as members, to give due consideration

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