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SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
H. R. 12, S. 247, and H. R. 359
FOR OTHER PURPOSES
MARCH 31, APRIL 1, 4, 5, AND 26, 1949
Printed for the use of the Committee on
Interstate and Foreign Commerce
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1949
COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE AND FOREIGN COMMERCE
ROBERT CROSSER, Ohio, Chairman ALFRED L. BULKWINKLE, North Carolina CHARLES A. WOLVERTON, New Jersey LINDLEY BECKWORTH, Texas
CARL HINSHAW, California J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee
LEONARD W. HALL, New York OREN HARRIS, Arkansas
JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan
WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania DWIGHT L. ROGERS, Florida
ROBERT HALE, Maine EUGENE J. KEOGH New York
HARRIS ELLSWORTH, Oregon ARTHUR G. KLEIN, New York
JAMES I. DOLLIVER, Iowa THOMAS B. STANLEY, Virginia
JOHN W. HESELTON, Massachusetts JOHN B. SULLIVAN, Missouri
HUGH D, SCOTT, JR., Pennsylvania
ELTON J. LAYTON, Clerk
SUBCOMMITTEE ON PUBLIC HEALTH, SCIENCE, AND COMMERCE
J. PERCY PRIEST, Tennessee, Chairman GEORGE G. SADOWSKI, Michigan
JOSEPH P. O'HARA, Minnesota THOMAS B. STANLEY, Virginia
WILSON D. GILLETTE, Pennsylvania WILLIAM T. GRANAHAN, Pennsylvania HUGH D. SCOTT, JR., Pennsylvania ANDREW J. BIEMILLER, Wisconsin
JOHN B. BENNETT, Michigan GEORGE H. WILSON, Oklahoma
Joint Council -
Celler, Hon. Emanuel, a Representative in Congress from the State
Waring, Charles E., chairman, Department of Chemistry, University
Association of Land-Grant Colleges and Universities, statement of
Elwell, George H., statement of...
Federation of American Scientists, statement of_
Nationai Association of State Universities, statement of R. G. Gus-
Swope, Dr. Chester D., statement of..
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 1949
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
AND FOREIGN COMMERCE,
Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met at 10 a. m. in room 1334, New House Office Building pursuant to call, Hon. J. Percy Priest (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Mr. PRIEST. The subcommittee will come to order.
The meeting has been called today for hearings on the National Science Foundation legislation. A number of bills have been introduced. Without objection, at this point in the record bill H. R. 12 will be printed, and the record will show that identical bills, H. R. 185, by Mr. Harris, of Arkansas; H. R. 311, by Mr. Wolverton of New Jersey; H. R. 2751, by Mr. Biemiller, of Wisconsin, have been introduced.
Without objection, there will be printed also at this point in the record, S. 247. Identical bills H. R. 1845, by Mr. Van Zandt, and H. R. 2308, by Mr. Mills, are before the committee.
Without objection, H. R. 359, a bill that differs from all of the others in a number of respects, by Mr. Celler, will be printed at this point in the record.
(H. R. 12, S. 247, and H. R. 359 are as follows:)
[H. R. 12, 81st Cong., 1st sess.)
A BILL To promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity,
and welfare ; to secure the national defense; and for other purposes
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "National Science Foundation Act of 1949,"
ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
SEC. 2. There is hereby established in the executive branch of the Government an independent agency to be known as the National Science Foundation (hereinafter referred to as the "Foundation").
MEMBERSHIP OF FOUNDATION
SEC. 3. (a) The Foundation shall have twenty-four members to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The persons nominated for appointment as members (1) shall be eminent in the fields of the basic sciences, medical science, engineering, education, or public affairs; (2) shall be selected solely on the basis of established records of distinguished service; and (3) shall be so selected as to provide representation of the views of scientific leaders in all areas of the Nation. The President is requested, in the making of nominations of persons for appointment as members, to give due consideration