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TABLE 63.—Per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work,

by general nativity and race of individualContinued.

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Native-born of native father:

White..

Negro.
Native born of foreign father, by race of father:

Bohemian and Moravian.
Canadian, French.
Croatian.
Dutch
English.
Finnish
Flemish.
French.
German.
Hebrew
Irish
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Magyar.
Polish..
Portuguese.
Ruthenian.
Scotch.
Slovak
Slovenian,
Swedish.

Welsh.
Foreign-born:

Armenian..
Bohernian and Moravian.
Canadian, French.
Croatian.
English.
French..
German.
Hebrew
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Magyar..
Polish..
Portuguese.
Ruthenian.
Scotch.
Slovak.
Syrian.....

Grand total...

7.1

9.6 23.1 2.9 3.6 15.1

8.1 14.0 4. 6 4.4 5.1 8.0 16, 2 18.5 10.8 19.0 11.7 16.9

2.8 15.9 8.3 4.7 9.9

86.5 84. 1 71.5 95.4 89.1 83. 82.3 82.5 88.1 93.5 90.5 88.4 78.5 77.2 84.7 77.1 82. 4 77.6 90.3 78.6 88.5 92.0 82.9

6.4 6.4 5.4 1.7 7.3 1.6 9.7 3.5 7.2 2.1 4. 4 3.6 5.3 4.2 4.5 3.9 5.9 5.5 6.9 5.5 3.2 3.4 7.2

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16, 879

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Total native-born of foreign father.
Total native-born..
Total foreign-born...

11, 109 12,892 3,987

11.4
10.8
16.2

83.7
84.5
75. 2

4.9 4.7 8.6 United States.

Upon examining the totals in the preceding table it is seen that a smaller proportion of children of native birth of both sexes are at home and at work and a larger percentage are at school than is the case with the children who are foreign-born. In a general way the races of older immigration exhibit practically the same tendencies as compared with the southern and eastern European races as do the total native-born to the foreign-born. This condition of affairs is largely to be attributed to the relatively small proportion of children among the recent immigrant races and to the additional fact that these children are usually below the working and school age.

A comparison of the tendencies exhibited by the principal races may be had from the following table, which shows, by general nativity and race of father and by birthplace of child, the number and percentage of children in the households studied 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work. TABLE 64.–Number and per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work, by general nativity and race of father and by birthplace of child.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more children born in the United States, and also 40 or more chil

dren born abroad. The native-born are shown for comparative purposes.]

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40

4 34 27 12

5 28 10 2

Native-born:
White.

United States.
Negro..

United States. Foreign-born:

Bohemian and Mora- | United States. vian.

A broad. Canadian, French..... United States.

Abroad.. Croatian.

United States.

Abroad.. English.

United States.

Abroad French.

United States.

A broad. German..

United States.

A broad.. Hebrew..

United States.

Abroad. Italian, North.

United States.

Abroad Italian, South.

United States.

A broad. Lithuanian.

United States.

A broad.. Magyar..

United States.

A broad Polish...

United States.

A broad. Portuguese...

United States.

A broad. Ruthenian.

United States.

Abroad Scotch...

United States.

Abroad Slovak.

621

82 534 208 221 149 385 87 57 54 952 145 524 480 387 206 655 697 523 155

7.1 13.4 9.6 4.8 23. 1 22. 1 3.6 6.9 14.0 14.8 4.6 6.9

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6.4 4.9 6.4 13.0 5.4 3.4 7.3 11.5 3.5 7.4 7.2 10.3 2.1 5.6 3.6

404

86.5
81.7
84. 1
82. 2
71.5
74.5
89. 1
81.6
82. 5
77.8
88. 1
82.8
93.5
87.9
88. 4
82.0
78.5
69.6
77.2
76.8
84. 7
66, 1
77.1
68.9
82.4
75.0
77.6
66.3
90.3
72, 1
78.6

352

69 15 11 27 14

9 35 67 22 15 16 29 61 31 11 19 27 14 10

119 298

205
1, 208

315
155

90
381

61 130

310 1,566

457 188 120 491

92 144

8 185

4 64

31 912

43 1,161

6.5 8.0 13.6 16.2 20.8 18.5 13.5 10.8 24.5 19.0 24.3 11.7

9.2 16.9 18.5

2.8 18.6 15.9

5.3 9.6 4. 2 9.7 4.5 9.4 3.9 68 5.9 15.8 5.5 15.2 6.9 9.3 5.5

Upon studying the tendencies of the several races it is seen that a larger proportion of Bohemian children who were born abroad were at home and a smaller proportion at work and at school as compared with those who were born in the United States. On the other hand, the French Canadian children of foreign birth were more extensively employed than those of native birth, while the smaller proportion were at home and at school. No sharp differences are noticeable in the case of the Croatian children, only a slightly smaller proportion of those of foreign birth being at home and at work and a slightly larger proportion at school than those of native birth. In the case of the English, German, North Italian, South Italian, and Scotch children a somewhat larger proportion of those born abroad were at work and at home and a slightly smaller proportion at school as compared with those born in this country. Of the French a slightly smaller proportion of children of foreign birth were at school and a larger proportion at work than those of native birth. The Lithuanians show the smaller proportion of children of foreign birth at home and at school and a larger proportion at work as compared with children of native birth. On the other hand, the Magyars exhibit a much larger proportion of children of foreign birth at home than those of native birth, and a considerably larger proportion of native children of this race were at school as compared with the foreign-born. A larger proportion of the Polish children born abroad were at school and at work than those of native birth. A much larger percentage of Lithuanian children who were born abroad were at work than those born in the United States.

CITIZENSHIP. The following table and accompanying chart show, by race, the present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States five years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming to this country: TABLE 65.- Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been

in the United States 5 years or over and who were 21 years of age or over at time of coming, by race.

(3TUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
(By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States.)

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21.1

27.7 (a)

18.4

8.5 14.8 13.7

2.3 (6)

23.9

28.1 (a)

25.4

24.7 (a)

25.7 16.1 13.3 34.5

26.6 (a)

12. 4 20.5 14.4 10.0

11.4 (a)

16.0

1.7 (a) (a)

30.0 (a)

14.1

2.3 13.3 12.9

11,2 (a) 15.0

(a)

@

2, 421
1,028
597

14
576

Albanian.
Armenian
Bohernian and Moravian.
Bosnian..
Bulgarian.
Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other..
Croatian..
Cuban..
Dalmatian.
Danish.
Dutch.
Egyptian.
English.
Finnish.
Flemish
French.
German.
Greek.
Hebrew, Russian.
Hebrew, Other
Herzegovinian.
Irish.
Italian, North.
Italian, South
Italian (not specified).
Lithuanian.
Macedonian
Magyar.
Mexican.
Montenegrin.
Negro..
Norwegian.
Persian.
Polish.
Portuguese.
Roumanian.
Russian
Ruthenian
Scotch,
Scotch-Irish
Servian..
Slovak.
Slovenian.
Spanish
Swedish
Syrian.
Turkish..
Welsh..
West Indian (other than Cuban)
Alsatian (race not specified).
Australian (race not specified).
Austrian (race not specified).
Belgian (race not specified)..
South American (race not specified).
Swiss (race not specified)..

Total..

426 834 547

4 310

2 171 1,259

3

49 1,539

480 1,903 961

5 251 531

1 4,456 1,031

29 651 7,859

421 890 403

6 3, 449 4,069 3,811

40 2, 727

7 3,200

60 18 21 270

1 10, 923

564

128 1,388

161 1,088

26 236 7,433 1,391

647 2,359 116

21
729

7
1

8
606
421

1 114

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70.2
25.3
15.7
35.0

21.1
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10.8

8.3
(a)
(a)

55.6
(a)

19. 3.2 8.6 15.1

8.7

64.1 (2)

4.7 12.1 14.3

9.7 73.9

11.2 (a)

73.0

8.1 10.7 21.5

3.9

18. 4 (a) 9.5

102

(a) 14.0

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33.3

16.0

Present political condition of foreign-born male employees who have been in the United States 5 years or over, and who were 21 years of age or over at the

time of coming, by race.

RACE

20

40

60

80

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BOHEMIAN AND.

MORAVIAN
CANADIAN, FRENCH
CROATIAN
ENGLISH
FINNISH
GERMAN
IRISH
ITALIAN, NORTH
ITALIAN, SOUTH
LITHUANIAN
MAGYAR
POLISH
RUSSIAN

ma
SCOTCH
SLOVAK
SLOVENIAN
SWEDISH
TOTAL

= FULLY NATURALIZED

= FIRST PAPERS

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