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TABLE 62.- Number and per cent of families owning home, by general nativity and race of

head of family

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Native-born of native father:

White...

Negro..
Native-born of foreign father, by race of father:

Bohemian and Moravian.
Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other...
Cuban...
Dutch.
English.
German
Irish.
Lithuanian.
Norwegian.
Polish
Scotch..
Slovak
Swedish

Welsh..
Foreign-born:

Armenian
Bohemian and Moravian.
Brava.
Bulgarian.
Canadian, French.
Croatian.
Cuban..
Danish
Dutch.
English
Finnish
Flemish.
French.
German
Greek.
Hebrew
Irish..
Italian, North
Italian, South.
Japanese,
Lithuanian.
Magyar.
Mexican.
Worwegian.
Polish.
Portuguese
Roumanian.
Russian
Ruthenian,
Scotch..
Servian...
Slovak
Slovenian
Spanish
Swedish
Syrian.
Welsh.

1 41 148

2 10 102 74 80 38 40

387

20 145 474 142

87 153 976 137 764 734

655 1,603

1 832 957 42

26 2,233 294 77 83 626 137

68 1,361

182

2 48 222

182 8 239

1 150 131

6 13 404 28 2 1 42 46

3 239 46

3 219

8 49

8.6 63.7

.0 (a)

7.5 23.5

4.5 50.0 70.3 15.6 50. 3 43.6 20. 1 39.7

1.5 6.3 30.2 27.8

14.9 (a)

18.0 13.7 14.3 50.0 18. 1 9.5 2.6 1.2 6.7 33.6

4.4 17.6 25. 3

7.7 44.5

4.7 51.6

39

492
171
95

17,628

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Grand total..
Total native-born of foreign father.
Total native-born..
Total foreign-born...

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a Not computed, owing to small number involved.

Per cent of families owning homes, by general nativity and race of head of family.

GENERAL NATIVITY AND RACE

20

40

60

80

NATIVE-BORN OF NATIVE FATHER

WHITE
FOREIGN-BORN

BOHEMIAN ANO MORAVAN
CANADIAN, FRENCH
CROATIAN
GERMAN
HEBREW
IRISH
ITALIAN, NORTH
ITALIAN, SOUTH
LITHUANIAN
MAGYAR
POLISH
RUTHENIAN

SLOVAK
TOTALS
NATIVE-BORN OF

FOREIGN FATHER
NATIVE-BORN
FOREIGN-BORN

GRAND TOTAL

Upon comparing the general nativity groups in the preceding table, it is seen that slightly more than one-fifth, or to be exact, 21.8 per cent, of the families the heads of which were white persons of native birth and 21.6 per cent of those the heads of which were of foreign birth own their own homes. The families of the second generation, or those whose heads were of native birth but of foreign father, report a slightly larger proportion than the two nativity groups mentioned above, or 25.6 per cent, owning their homes. Å very unfavorable showing, by way of further comparison, is made by native-born negro families with only 4.2 per cent of home ownership. The figures showing this small degree of home ownership among the negro families should be modified by the statement, however, that a large proportion of the families represented were those of bituminous coal mine workers in the Southern States who had no opportunity to purchase homes if they had been so inclined owing to the system of company houses prevailing in bituminous mining localities.

Upon analyzing the figures for the families the heads of which were foreign-born, it is seen that as a rule the races of older immigration from Great Britain and northern Europe are more extensive home owners as a whole than the members of races of recent immigration. The percentage of home ownership among representative races of the old immigration is as follows:

Danish...

Per cent.

Per cent.

Per cent. 50. 0 | Norwegian.

50.0 Dutch.. 70.3 Scotch.

33. 6 English. 15. 6 | Swedish.

44. 5 German. 39.7 Welsh..

51.6 Irish..

30. 2 The principal races of recent immigration from southern and eastern Europe make the following showing as to the acquisition of homes:

Per cent. Canadian, French... 7.5 | Portuguese..

19.5 Croatian. 23. 5 Roumanian

2.6 Greek. 1.5 Russian.

1.2 Hebrew. 6.3 Ruthenian..

6.7 Italian, North. 27.8 Servian.

4.4 Italian, South. 14.9 Slovak.

17.6 Lithuanian. 18. O Slovenian.

25. 3 Magyar. 13. 7 Syrian.

4.7 Polish..

18.1 The geographical location of the Bohemians and Moravians in Europe would class them among the more recent immigrants, but the period of time during which they have been coming to the United States would place them among the older immigrant races. They show the largest proportion of home-owning families of all races the heads of which were native-born of foreign father or foreign-born. On the other hand, the Finnish families, which show a percentage of home ownership amounting to 56.3, should be geographically classed with the older immigrants from Great Britain and northern Europe, but by period of residence in this country the larger proportion should be termed recent immigrants. of the families of recent immigration, the North Italians, Slovenians, Croatians, Portuhave, in the order named, a proportion ranging from 27.8 to 13.7 per cent which own their homes. “An almost negligible proportion of Russians, Greeks, Roumanians, Servians, and Syrians, varying from 1.2 to 4.7 per cent in the order mentioned, have acquired homes.

STATUS OF CHILDREN IN THE HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

The two tables which immediately follow set forth the general status and industrial condition of the children in the households studied. The first table submitted shows, by sex and general nativity and race of individual, the per cent of children in the households studied 6 and under 16 years of age who are at home, at school, and at work. TABLE 63.—Per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work,

by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) (This table includes only races with 40 or more children reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

MALE.

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Native-born of native father:

White...

Negro..
Native-born of foreign father, by race of father:

Bohemian and Moravian.
Canadian, French.
Croatian.
Dutch.
English.
Finnish.
Flemish.
French
German.
Hebrew.
Irish.
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Magyar.
Polish...
Portuguese.
Ruthenian
Scotch.
Slovak.
Slovenian,
Swedish..

Welsh..
Foreign-born:

Armenian.
Bohemian and Moravian.
Canadian, French..
Croatian.
English.
French.
German.
Hebrew.
Italian, North..
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Magyar.
Polish..
Portuguese.
Ruthenian
Scotch.
Slovak
Syrian..

Grand total.....
Total native-born of foreign father..
Total native-born..
Total foreign-born...

122 197 65 30 30 478 282 451 202 316 259 184 757 100 246

72 581

85 262 55

5.2 8. 2 24.6 4.1 5.1 16.9

.0 23.3 4.0 3. 2 4.9 6.4 14.9 18.1

9.8 17.4 12.0 13.8

2.8 12.6 10.6 3.1 5.5

88.9 86.2 71.2 93.4 86.3 80.0 86.7 70.0 87.4 95. 4 89.6 89.1 78.8 77.2 82.6 77.4 83.0 78.0 87.5 80.0 87.1 92.7 85.5

5.9 5.6 4.2 2.5 8.6 3.1 13.3 6.7 8.6 1.4 5.5 4.5 6.3 4.6 7.6 5.2 5.0 8.1 9.7 7.4 2.4 4.2 9.1

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5, 570 6, 452 1,983

10.2

9.7
13. 2

83.9
84.7
77.0

9

5.9 5.6 9.9

Table 63.—Per cent of children 6 and under 16 years of age at home, at school, and at work,

by general nativity and race of individual-Continued.

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Native-born of native father:

White.....

Negro...
Native born of foreign father, by race of father:

Bohemian and Moravian.
Canadian, French.
Croatian.
Dutch..
English.
Finnish.
Flemish..
French..
German.
Hebrew
Irish.
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian..
Magyar.
Polish..
Portuguese.
Ruthenian.
Scotch..
Slovak
Slovenian
Swedish.

Welsh...
Foreign-born:

Armenian..
Bohemian and Moravian.
Canadian, French.
Croatian.
English.
French..
German.
Hebrew
Italian, North.
Italian, South,
Lithuanian.
Magyar.
Polish.
Portuguese.
Ruthenian
Scotch.
Slovak
Syrian.

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Grand total..

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Total native-born of foreign father..
Total native-born..

5, 539
6, 440

12.6
11.9

83.5
84.4

3.9 3.7

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