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Per cent of males earning under $400 per year, by general nativity and race of individual.

NATIVE-BORN OFNATIVE FATHER:

WHITE
NATIVE-BORN OF FOREIGN FATHER:

IRISH
EOREIGN-BORN

BOHEMIANO MORAVIAN
BULGARIAN
CANADIAN, FRENCH
CROATIAN
ENGLISH
GERMAN
GREEK
HEBREW
IRISH
ITALIAN,NORTH
ITALIAN, SOUTH
LITHUANIAN
MAGYAR
POLISH
RUTHENIAN
SLOVAK

SWEDISH
TOTALS,

NATIVE-BORN OF

FOREIGN FATHER
NATIVE-BORN
FOREIGN-BORN
GRAND TOTAL

NATIVE-BORN OF FOREIGN FATHER, BY RACE OF FATHER.

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ANNUAL EARNINGS OF ALL FEMALE WAGE-EARNERS IN THE HOUSE

HOLDS STUDIED.

The table next submitted shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the approximate annual earnings of all females in the households studied who were 18 years of age or over, and who were employed for wages: TABLE 36.— Yearly earnings (approximate) of females 18 years of age or over, by general

nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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Table 36.— Yearly earnings (approcimate) of females 18 years of age or over, by general

nativity and race of ina vidual-Continued.

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Native-born of foreign father, by
race of father-Continued.

Flemish..
French..
German.
Hebrew
Irish
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian
Magyar..
Mexican.
Norwegian
Polish..
Portuguese
Ruthenian.
Scotch
Slovak
Slovenian.
Swedish.

Welsh..
Foreign-born:

Armenian..
Bohemian and Moravian..
Brava..
Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other.
Croatian.
Cuban.
Danish
Dutch
English
Finnish
Flemish.
French
German.
Greek
Hebrew
Irish
Italian, North.
Italian, South
Lithuanian.
Magyar..
Polish.
Portuguese.
Roumanian
Russian..
Ruthenian.
Scotch
Servian
Slovak.
Slovenian
Spanish
Swedish
Syrian..
Welsh...

Grand total..
Total native-born of foreign father
Total native-born..
Total foreign-born...

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79.6 77.9 88.3 80.8 65.8 68.2 90.9 90.4 87.0 87.2 87.4 (a) (a) 79.4 57.1 (a) 94.9

(a) 79. 2 91.2 (a)

77.0

a Not computed, owing to small number involved. 48296°—Vol 19–1149

The average annual earnings, as shown in the preceding table, for the 3,609 females in the households studied who were working for wages were $304. The earnings of the foreign-born women were much lower than of those of native birth, and the earnings of the native-born white women of native father were somewhat higher than those of native birth but of foreign father. A large proportion of the foreignborn women, or 26.4 per cent, earned less than $200 per annum, and the greater number of female wage-earners of foreign birth, or 54.8 per cent, earned under $300 annually. Only 19.1 per cent of the women of foreign birth who were working for wages received more than $400 each year, as compared with 31.4 per cent of the women of native birth but of foreign father, and 35.8 per cent of those of native birth and of native father.

The comparative showing made by the races of the old and of the new immigration may be readily seen from the following classification of the average earnings:

NATIVE-BORN OF FOREIGN FATHER, BY RACE OF FATHER.

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Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other.
Danish.
English.
German.
Irish.
Scotch
Swedish.

$320
369
326
369
301
348
375
306

Armenian..
Croatian.
Greek.
Hebrew
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Magyar.
Polish
Portuguese.
Russian.
Ruthenian
Slovak.
Slovenian.

284 331 211 255 298 263 288 212 301 217 263

ANNUAL FAMILY INCOME.

The average amount and range in amount of the annual income of families the heads of which were wage-earners in mines and manufacturing establishments is shown in the table and chart next presented: TABLE 37.Per cent of families having a total yearly income of each specified amount,

by general nativity and race of head of family.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 20 or more families reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.

Twenty-two families are included which report income as “none."]

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