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Governor or President as a day of fasting or thanksgiving. When any holiday falls on Sunday the day following is a holiday. Saturday afternoon is a holiday for banking purposes, and notes falling due Saturday are payable on business day following.

MINNESOTA. — Days of grace are abolished, except in the case of bills of exchange payable at sight, and negotiable promissory notes, drafts, etc., payable at a future day certain. Bills, notes, and drafts payable on Sunday, Thanksgiving, general election day, the first Monday of September, Good Friday, Christmas, New Year's Day, February 12th, February 22d, May 30th, and July 4th, or on the following day when either of the last six falls on Sunday, are payable on the business day next succeeding.

MISSISSIPPI. Grace is allowed on bills of exchange, notes, and drafts given for a sum certain. Notes, etc., falling due on Sunday, New Year's Day, April 26th, the Fourth of July, Thanksgiving, or Christmas Day, are payable on the secular day next preceding.

MISSOURI. — The uniform negotiable instruments law is in force and grace is abolished. Sundays, January ist, February 22d, May 30th, July 4th, first Monday of September, Christmas Day, state and national thanksgiving days, and the day of the general state election, are public holidays, and negotiable instruments due thereon are payable on the succeeding day. Holiday falling on Sunday is observed on Monday. In cities of over 100,000 inhabitants, Saturday is a half-holiday, and notes falling due on that day are payable Monday.

MONTANA. — The uniform negotiable instruments law is in effect and days of grace are abolished. Bills and notes falling due on Sunday, January ist, February 22d, May 30th, July 4th, December 25th, the first Monday in September, general election, fast or thanksgiving days, are payable on the day following. A holiday falling on Sunday is observed on Monday.

NEBRASKA. The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted and grace is not allowed. Holidays falling on Sunday are observed on Monday, and negotiable instruments falling due on Sunday or a holiday are payable on the next business day. Holidays are January ist, February 22d, April 22d, May 30th, July 4th, December 25th, the first Monday in September, Thanksgiving and Fast Days. Instruments falling due on Saturday are to be presented on the following Monday, unless they are payable on demand, and then before twelve on Saturday.

NEVADA. – Grace is allowed except on sight drafts. Paper falling due on a holiday is payable on the day preceding Holidays are Sundays, January ist, February 22d, July 4th, Thanksgiving and Christmas days, and general election day.

NEW HAMPSHIRE. – Grace is allowed only on sight drafts. Negotiable paper due on Sunday, Thanksgiving, Fast, the general state election, February 22d, May 30th, July 4th, the first Monday of September, Christmas, or on the following day when either of these days falls on Sunday, is due and payable on the business day next succeeding.

NEW JERSEY.– The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted and days of grace are abolished. Bills of exchange or promissory notes falling due on Sunday, Christmas, New Year's Day, February 12th, February 22d, May 30th, July 4th, the first Monday of September, general election days and any day of public thanksgiving or fasting are payable on the next succeeding secular day, unless such holiday falls on Sunday, when they are payable on the Tuesday following: Holidays falling on Sunday are observed on Monday. Saturday afternoon is a holiday for banking purposes. Notes falling due on Saturday may be presented for payment before twelve o'clock, or on the next business day.

NEW MEXICO. — The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted and no grace is allowed. Notes, etc., falling due on Sunday or a holiday, are payable on the next succeeding business day. January ist, July 4th, December 25th, Thanksgiving, general election days, and fast days are legal holidays. Saturday is a half holiday and only demand notes are presentable before twelve o'clock.

NEW YORK. – The uniform negotiable instruments law is in effect and days of grace are abolished. Sundays, January ist, February 12th, February 22d, May 30th, July 4th, the first Monday in September, December 25th, Saturday afternoons, any general election day, and any day appointed by the Governor or President as a day of thanksgiving or fasting are holidays. Bills and notes falling due on a holiday or Saturday are payable on the next secular or business day; but those falling due on Saturday may be presented on that day before 12 o'clock. Other holidays falling on Sunday are observed on Monday.

NORTH CAROLINA. — The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted and grace is allowed except on notes and drafts payable on demand. January 1st and 19th, February 22d, May roth, May 20th, July 4th, the first Monday in September, De ber 25th, Thanksgiving Day, and Saturday afternoons are public holidays. Bills and notes falling due on a holiday on Saturday are payable on the next business day; but those falling due on Saturday may be presented on that day before 12 o'clock. Other holidays falling on Sunday are observed on Monday.

NORTH DAKOTA. — The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted and days of grace are abolished. Notes and bills due on Sundays and holidays are payable on next secular day. January ist, February 12th, February 22d, July 4th, December 25th, May 30th, general election and thanksgiving days, and Sundays are holidays. Other holidays falling on Sunday are observed on Monday.

OHIO. — The uniform negotiable instruments law is in force and days of grace are abolished. January 1st, February 22d, May 30th, July 4th, the first Monday in September, December 25th, general election days and any day appointed by the Governor of the State or the President of the United States as a day of fasting or thanksgiving, are holidays, and notes, etc., due on such days, or on Sundays, are payable on the secular day next succeeding; if any holiday falls on Sunday, the following Monday is a holiday. Instruments falling due on Saturday are to be presented for payment on the next succeeding business day, but if payable on demand, may, at the option of the holder, be presented on Saturday before noon.

OKLAHOMA. – Grace is allowed on all negotiable instruments except on checks, unless expressly excepted, but Sundays and holidays are excluded. Holidays are January ist, February 22d, May 30th, July 4th, December 25th, general election, fast and thanksgiving days. A holiday falling on Sunday is observed on Monday.

OREGON. — The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted and days of grace are abolished. Sundays, January ist, February 22d, May zoth, July 4th, December 25th, the first Monday of September, days of general election, fast and thanksgiving, are holidays. Notes, etc., payable on a holiday are due on the next business day.

PENNSYLVANIA. The uniform negotiable instruments law is in force and days of grace are abolished. Sundays, January ist, February 12th and 22d, third Tuesday in February (election), Good Friday, May 30th, July 4th, first Monday in September, December 25th, first Tuesday after the first Monday in November (election day), fast and thanksgiving days, are public holidays, and negotiable paper due on any of said days is payable on the next succeeding secular day. Saturday afternoons are half-holidays, and notes payable on Saturday are for purposes of protest considered as if payable on Monday, but demand notes may be presented Saturday before noon. When a holiday falls on Sunday, it is observed on the Monday followRHODE ISLAND. — The uniform negotiable instruments law is in effect and grace is allowed only on sight drafts. Sundays, January ist, July 4th, Christmas Day, February 22d, and May 30th, or when either of said days fall on Sunday the day following it, the second Friday in May, the first Monday of September, Sundays, the Tuesday after the first Monday in November, days of thanksgiving or fast are holidays, and payment of all notes, checks, and bills, due and payable on such holidays, is to be made on the secular day next succeeding. Saturday after twelve o'clock is a holiday for bank purposes.

SOUTH CAROLINA. — Days of grace are allowed on all bills and notes drawn at sight. Days of national thanksgiving, general election, January 1st and 19th, February 22d, May roth, June 3d, July 4th, December 25th, the first Monday of September, and in Charleston County Saturday after 12 o'clock, are holidays. If the third day of grace falls on Sunday or a holiday, payment is to be made on the day after.

SOUTH DAKOTA. — Grace is allowed on all bills of exchange and promissory notes, but Sundays and holidays are excluded in the computation. January ist, February 22d, July 4th, December 25th, May 30th, and days of general election and thanksgiving days are holidays. If any of the first four falls on Sunday, the Monday following is a holiday.

TENNESSEE. — The uniform negotiable instruments law is in force and days of grace are abolished. Good Friday, January 1st, February 22d, second Friday in May, June 3d, July 4th, first Monday in September, December 25th, Thanksgiving Day, and general election days are holidays. Holidays falling on Sunday are observed on Monday. Notes, etc., falling due on Sunday or a holiday are payable on the next succeeding business day. Those falling due on Saturday are payable the next succeeding business day, except that those payable on demand may at the option of the holder be presented before 12 o'clock on Saturday, when that entire day is not a holiday.

TEXAS. — Grace is allowed on all negotiable notes and bills. January ist, February 22d, March 2d, April 21st, July 4th, December 25th, the first Mondayin September, general election days, and days of public fasting or thanksgiving are holidays. If a holiday occurs on Sunday, the next day is observed as holiday, but presentment of commercial paper for acceptance or payment in such case may be made on the Saturday previous.

UTAH. — The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted and grace is not allowed. January ist, February 22d, April 15th, May 30th, July 4th, July 24th, December 25th, the first Monday in September, fast and thanksgiving days, are holidays. Holidays falling on Sunday are observed on Monday. Notes, etc., falling due on Sunday or a holiday are payable on the next succeeding business day. Those falling due on Saturday are payable on Monday, except that those payable on demand may at the option of the holder be presented before 12 o'clock on Saturday.

VERMONT. - Days of grace are abolished. Negotiable paper falling due on Sunday or a legal holiday is considered due on the following business day. Sundays, January ist, February 22d, July 4th, May 30th, August 16th, December 25th, the first Monday in September, fast and thanksgiving days are legal holidays. When any such holiday falls on Sunday the Monday following is treated as a holiday.

VIRGINIA. — The uniform negotiable instruments law is in effect and days of grace are abolished. January ist and 19th, February 22d, May 30th, June 3d in public schools, July 4th, December 25th, the first Monday in September, and days of public thanksgiving or fast are holidays, and notes, etc., falling due thereon or on Saturdays are payable on the secular day next succeeding. When any holiday falls on Sunday the Monday following is observed as a holiday.

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WASHINGTON.- The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted and days of grace are abolished. Sundays, January ist, February 12th, February 22d, May 30th, July 4th, December 25th, the first Monday in September, days of general election and thanksgiving are holidays, and notes falling due thereon or on Saturday are payable on the next succeeding secular day. Notes falling due on Saturday if payable on demand may be presented on Saturday before 12 o'clock.

WEST VIRGINIA. — The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted, and days of grace are abolished. Notes, etc., falling due on Sunday or a holiday are payable on the next succeeding business day; those falling due Saturday, if not paid before noon, are payable Monday. January ist, February 22d, July 4th, May 30th, December 25th, the first Monday in September, election and thanksgiving days are holidays. A holiday falling on Sunday is observed on Monday.

WISCONSIN. – The uniform negotiable instruments law has been adopted and days of grace are abolished. Negotiable paper falling due on Sunday, January ist, February 22d, May 30th, July 4th, December 25th, Thanksgiving Day, Labor Day, general election days, is payable on the secular day next succeeding. Holidays falling on Sunday are observed on Monday.

WYOMING. — The uniform negotiable instruments law is in force and grace is allowed, except on notes, etc., payable on demand. January ist, February 12th and 22d, May 30th, July 4th, December 25th. Arbor Day, general election day, and the annual Thanksgiving Day are holidays. If such holiday falls on Sunday, the Monday following is a legal holiday.

CHAPTER XVII.

AGENCY.

SECTION 1.

AGENCY IN GENERAL.

The relation of principal and agent implies that the principal acts by and through the agent, so that the acts in fact of the agent are the acts in law of the principal ; and only when one is authorized by another to act for him in this way, and to this extent, is he an agent. One who is disqualified from contracting on his own account may act as the agent of another , thus infants, married women, and aliens may act as agents for others.

A principal is responsible for the acts of his agent, not only when he has actually given full authority to the agent thus to represent and act for him, but when he has, by his words, or his acts, or both, caused or permitted the person with whom the the agent deals to believe him to be clothed with this authority. And a man may be thus held as a principal, either because he has in some way authorized all persons to believe that he has constituted some other man his agent, or because he has author. ized only the party dealing with the supposed agent to so believe. For all responsibility rests upon two grounds, which are com. monly united, but either of which alone is sufficient; one, the giving of actual authority; the other, such appearing to give authority as justifies those who deal with the supposed agent in believing that this authority was given him.

A general agent is one authorized to represent his principal in all his business, or in all his business of a particular kind A particular agent is one authorized to do only a specific thing or a few specified things. It is not always easy to discriminate between these; but it is often important, by reason of the rule that the authority of the general agent is measured by the usual scope and character of the business he is empowered to transact. By appointing him to do that business, the principal is considered as saying to the world that his agent has all the authority necessary to the doing of it in the usual way. And if the agent transcends his actual authority, but does not go beyond the natural and usual scope of the business, the principal is bound, unless the party with whom the general agent dealt knew that the agent exceeded his authority For if an agent does only what is natural and usual in transacting business for his principal, and yet goes beyond the limits prescribed by him, it is obvious that the principal must have put particular and unusual limitations to his authority; and these cannot affect the rights of a third party who deals with the agent in ignorance of these limitations. But, on the other hand, the rule is, that, if an agent who is specially authorized to do a spe cific thing exceeds his authority, the principal is not bound, because the party dealing with such agent must inquire for him self, and at his own peril, into the extent and limits of the authority given to the agent. Here, however, as before, if the party dealing with the agent, and inquiring, as he should, into

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