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PART IV.-THE BITUMINOUS COAL MINING INDUSTRY IN THE

SOUTHWEST

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION.

Households studied-Members of households for whom detailed information was

secured-Employees for whom information was secured—[Text Tables 384 to 388 and General Tables 150 to 152].

HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED,

The investigation in the Southwest included the coal-producing areas of Kansas and Oklahoma. In addition to the historical and descriptive matter collected, information was received for 7,036 mine workers, and in the States mentioned above an intensive study was made of 476 households the heads of which were employed in the bituminous mines.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race of head of household, the number and percentage of households studied in the bituminous mining localities of the Southwest, and the percentage each race forms of the total number studied.

TABLE 384.-Households studied, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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The largest proportions of households of foreign races studied in the Southwest, as can be seen from the above table, were those whose heads were North Italians and Slovaks, the selection being made according to the numerical importance of these two races. The same basis of selection was adopted in studying the households of the other six races whose heads were of foreign birth. The households whose heads were white persons or negroes, of native birth and native father, were studied for the purpose of making comparisons with immigrant households.

a See Volume I, chapter I, p. 5 et seq.

MEMBERS OF HOUSEHOLDS FOR WHOM DETAILED INFORMATION WAS

SECURED.

The table next submitted shows, by general nativity and race of head of household, the total number of persons and the persons for whom detailed information was received, in the households studied.

TABLE 385.-Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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The number of persons of each sex living in the households studied is also shown, by general nativity and race of head of household, in the following table: TABLE 386.-Sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity

and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

Number.

Per cent of each sex.

General nativity and race of head of household.

Male.

Female.

Total.

Male.

Female,

117
54

119
66

236
120

49.6
45.0

50.4 55.0

Native-born of native father:

White...

Negro.
Foreign-born:

Croatian..
Irish.
Italian, North
Italian, South
Lithuanian..
Magyar..
Mexican.
Polish.
Slovak.
Welsh...

41
125
265

99 111

36 112

89 124 68

43 101 174 63 65 34 84 76 126 58

84 226 439 162 176

70 196 165 250 126

48.8 55. 3 60.4 61.1 63.1 51.4 57.1 53.9 49.6 54.0

51.2 44.7 39.6 38.9 36.9 48.6 42.9 46.1 50. 4 46.0

Grand total.

1,241

1.009

2,250

55.2

44.8

Total native-born....
Total foreign-born.

171
1,070

185 824

356 1,894

48.0 56.5

52.0 43.5 388 566 675

The persons for whom detailed information was secured are next tabulated according to general nativity and race of individual instead of head of household.

TABLE 387.-Persons for whom detailed information was secured, by sex and general nativity

and race of individual.
(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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Native-born of native father:

White.
Negro.

Indian...
Native-born of foreign father, by race of

father:
Canadi (other than French)..
Croatian.
English.
Gerinan.
Irish.
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Magyar..
Mexican.
Polish.
Scotch.
Slovak

Welsh.
Foreign-born:

Bohemnian and Moravian.
Canadian (other than French).
Croatian.
Danish.
English.
German.
Irish.
Italian, North..
Italian, South..
Lithuanian.
Maryar.
Mexican.
Polish.
Scotch.
Slovak
Spanish.
Welsh.

1 15 3 1 65 64 21 24 20 39 30

1 70 22

.0 .9 .0 .0 6.0 5.3 2.3 2.6 1.1 3.6 2. 2

.0 4.6 2.6

.1 1.5 .3 .1 6.4 6.3 2.1 2.4 2.0 3.9 3.0

.1 6.9 2.2

56

34
84
57

1
127
54

(a)

6.2 5.8 2.2 2.5 1.5 3.7

2.5 (a)

5.6 2.4

57
32

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Grand total.

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Total native-born of foreign (ther.
Total native-born.
Total foreign-born.

376 566 443

764 1,132 1,118

31.3
45.6
54. 4

37.3
56. 1
43.9

34.0
50.3
49.7

a Less than 0.05 per cent.

EMPLOYEES FOR WHOM INFORMATION WAS SECURED.

The following table shows the per cent distribution, by general nativity and race, of the male employees from whom detailed information was secured:

TABLE 388.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity

and race.

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White.....

1,675 396

2

23. 8

5.6 (a)

2.6 (6)

1.4 16.6

185

3

99 1,169 429

10 125

49 114

2 221

.1 1.8

(a) 2. 6

.5 1. 5 2.0

1.6 (a)

3.1

26
9
4

2
180

36 104 141 64 9 4 20 147

6 1 40 2

.....

Foreign-born, by race-Continued.

German.
Greek..
Irish.
Italian, North
Italian, South.
Italian (not specified).
Lithuanian...
Magyar.
Mexican..
Norwegian.
Polish.
Roumanian.
Russian.
Scotch.
Servian.
Slovak
Slovenian
Spanish.
Swedish..
Syrian.
Welsh.
West Indian.
Australian (race not specified)..
Austrian (race not specified).
Belgian (race not specified).
Swiss (race not specified)..

Grand total......

Negro..

Indian. Native-born of foreign father, by country of birth of sather:

Austria-Hungary
Belgium..
Canada..
Denmark.
England.
France.
Germany.
Ireland
Italy.
Mexico.
Netherlands
Russia..
Scotland.
Sweden..
Switzerland.
Wales..

Africa (country not specified)... Foreign-born, by rare:

Bohemian and Moravian.
Bulgarian.
Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other.
Croatian..
Danish.
Dutch.
English
Finnish
French.

1. 2.1

.9

.1 .1

.3 2.

107
148

1
133
196

5 19

3 37

1.9 2.8

(a)

@

29 6

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Total native-born of foreign father...
Total native-horn...
Total foreign-born..

2 215

7,036

100.0

795 2.868 4, 168

11.3 40.8 59. 2

a Less than 0.05 per cent.

Number of male employees for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race.

(This chart shows only races represented by 50 or more employees.)

GENERAL NATIVITY AND RACE

500

1000

1 500

2000

NATIVE-BORN OF NATIVE FATHER

WHITE

NEGRO
NATIVE-BORN OF FOREIGN FATHER,
BY COUNTRY OF BIRTH OF FATHER

ENGLAND
GERMANY
IRELAND
ITALY

SCOTLAND
FOREIGN-BORN, BY RACE

ENGLISH
FRENCH
GERMAN
IRISH
ITALIAN, NORTH
ITALIAN, SOUTH
LITHUANIAN
MEXICAN
POLISH
RUSSIAN
SCOTCH
SLOVAK
SLOVENIAN

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