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The Joint Committee on Atomic Energy in its report made it clear that it does not address itself to the question of whether aircraft carriers or any other types of naval ships should or should not be built. Such matters are the responsibility of the Defense Department and committees of the Congress other than the Joint Committee.

The Joint Committee, though, is charged, by law, with the responsibility for making continuing studies of problems relating to the development, use, and control of atomic energy. These hearings and the committee's report on the hearings are addressed to this responsibility.

Accordingly, it is the belief of the committee that, if warships of the type for which nuclear powerplants have been developed are built, they should be propelled by nuclear power.

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HEARING DATES

Wednesday, October 30, 1963.
Thursday, October 31, 1963.
Wednesday, November 13, 1963.-

Page

1 101 151

STATEMENTS OF WITNESSES (BY ORGANIZATION OR

AFFILIATION)
Atomic Energy Commission:

Leighton, David T., Assistant Manager for Surface Ship Projects,
Naval Reactors, Division of Reactor Development..

31, 125–128 Ramey, James T., Commissioner..

75, 85 Rickover, Vice Adm. Hyman G., Manager, Naval Reactors, Division of Reactor Development.

21, 30, 40, 61-62, 71-79, 81-87, 94, 97, 99–100, 103, 108–109, 128 Seaborg, Dr. Glenn T., Chairman..

72–76, 79, 81, 84-85 Department of Defense: Brown, Dr. Harold, Director, Defense Research and Engineering- 32

42, 123, 131-149 McNamara, Robert S., Secretary-

152–196 Nitze, Paul H., Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs).

98 Department of the Navy:

Connolly, Rear Adm. T. F., Director, Strike Warfare Division, Office

of the Chief of Naval Operations.. 102-104, 107–125, 128-131, 146 De La Mater, Capt. S. T., Office of the Chief of Naval Operations... 108,

111-113, 115-117, 120-122 de Poix, Capt. Vincent P., former commanding officer of the U.S.S. Enterprise

87-95, 97 Hayward, Vice Adm. John T., commander of the antisubmarine war

fare force of the Pacific Fleet, and former commander of the first
nuclear task force...

22, 49–68 Korth, Fred, Secretary of the Navy-

8-33, 40, 42-48, 56 McDonald, Adm. David L., Chief of Naval Operations.

2122, 30, 44-48, 53, 68-71, 85–87, 93, 98, 100 Peet, Capt. Raymond E., commanding officer of the U.S.S. Bainbridge. 95-98 Shaw, Milton, Office of Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research and Development)-

22, 29, 31, 117 Sonenshein, Capt. N., Bureau of Ships

55,71 Wakelin, Dr. James H., Assistant Secretary for Research and Development

12 Wilkinson, Capt. Eugene, former commanding officer of the U.S.S. Long Beach

87, 97

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL INSERTED IN THE RECORD

5

25

161

"Chairman Pastore Wants Defense To Consider Atomic Propulsion for

Aircraft Carrier," JCAE press release dated October 11, 1963."Construction of the Attack Carrier in the Fiscal Year 1963 Shipbuilding

Program, memorandum from Robert S. McNamara, Secretary of

Defense, to the Secretary of the Navy, dated October 25, 1963Excerpt from hearings before the Subcommittee on Department of Defense

Appropriations, March 6, 1962... List of witnesses to appear at the hearings on nuclear versus conventional propulsion for aircraft carriers, JCAE press release dated October 29,

1963. Memorandum from the Secretary of the Na vy to the Secretary of Defense,

dated September 26, 1963, on the construction of the attack carrier in

fiscal year 1963 shipbuilding program. Naval Research Advisory Committee, membership list. Nuclear-powered carrier cost differential, table“Nuclear Versus Conventional Aircraft Carrier Hearings Announced,"

JCAE press release dated October 23, 1963..

6

105

11 188

6 CORRESPONDENCE INSERTED IN THE RECORD

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Brown, Harold, Director of Defense Research and Engineering, DOD, to

Senator John O. Pastore, dated March 18, 1963, regarding the application

of nuclear power for the propulsion of naval surface ships.--

Gilpatric, Roswell, Deputy Secretary of Defense, to Senator John O.

Pastore, dated October 11, 1963, denying reports that a decision has

been reached with respect to the type of propulsion to be used in the

aircraft carrier authorized for fiscal year 1963.

Hayward, Rear Adm. J. T., to Fred Korth, Secretary of the Navy, dated

January 2, 1963, stating that the military advantages of nuclear pro-

pulsion in surface ships more than outweigh their extra cost.

McGiffert, David E., assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Legislative

Affairs), to Senator John 0. Pastore, dated October 25, 1963, enclosing a

DOD release directing the Navy 'to proceed immediately with con-

ventionally powered attack carrier--

McNamara, Robert S., Secretary of Defense, to Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg,

Chairman, AEC, dated February 2, 1963, advising him that DOD is re-

considering its decision to build CVA-67 as a conventionally fueled

ship----

Pastore, Senator John O., to Dr. Harold Brown, Director of Defense Re-

search and Engineering, DOD, dated October 22, 1963, with respect to

the assurance that a final decision had not been made concerning the

type of propulsion for naval surface ships---

Pastore, Senator John 0., to Robert S. McNamara, Secretary of Defense,

dated March 1, 1963, concerning the slow progress in the application of

nuclear power for propulsion of surface vessels of the Navy -

Pastore, Senator John O., to Robert S. McNamara, Secretary of Defense,

dated October 9, 1963, on certain articles appearing in the press concern-

ing the results of various studies on nuclear propulsion for naval surface

vessels.

Piore, D. E. R., Chairman, Naval Research Advisory Committee, to Fred

Korth, dated December 18, 1962, urging, among other things, that all

future major combatant surface ships have nuclear powerplants..

Seaborg, Dr. Glenn T., Chairman, AÈC, to Robert S. McNamara, Secre-

tary of Defense, dated January 7, 1963, concerning a recent review by the

Commission of its development program in reactor technology applicable

to surface warships..

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APPENDIXES

Appendix 1. "A Treatise on Nuclear Propulsion in Surface Ships," dated

April 5, 1961..

Appendix 2. Memorandum from the Secretary of the Navy to the Secre-

tary of Defense, dated March 30, 1962, on the nuclear propulsion de-

velopment program.

Appendix 3. Memorandum from the Secretary of the Navy to the Secretary

of Defense, dated January 23, 1963, on nuclear power for surface war-

ships---

Appendix 4. Memorandum from the Secretary of Defense to the Secre-

tary of the Navy, dated February 22, 1963, on nuclear power for surface

warships.

Appendix 5. Memorandum from the Secretary of the Navy to the Secretary

of Defense, dated April 4, 1963, on nuclear power for surface warships. -

Appendix 6. Memorandum from the Secretary of Defense to the Secretary

of the Navy, dated April 20, 1963, on nuclear power for surface warships.

Appendix 7. Memorandum from the Secretary of Defense to the Secretary

of the Navy, dated October 9, 1963, on the construction of the attack

carrier in fiscal 1963 shipbuilding program..

Appendix 8. Memorandum from the Secretary of the Navy to the Secre-

tary of Defense, dated October 10, 1963, on construction of the attack

carrier in fiscal 1963 shipbuilding program --

Appendix 9. Correspondence concerning construction costs of the Enter-

prise, Long Beach, and the Bainbridge-

Appendix 10. Article on nuclear ship propulsion.

Appendix 11. Extract from statement of Secretary Korth before the

Senate Committee on Appropriations, February 28, 1962; and statement

of Admiral Anderson before the Armed Services Committee, February

8, 1962.

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248

[These hearings were held in executive session. Classified security

information was presented during the executive session. The hearing record was then reviewed and specific items designated by the DOD and Navy Department as being classified information were deleted prior to publication.]

NUCLEAR PROPULSION FOR NAVAL SURFACE VESSELS 1

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1963
JOINT COMMITTEE ON ATOMIC ENERGY,
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES,

Washington, D.C. The Joint Committee on Atomic Energy met, pursuant to call, at 10 a.m., in the committee room, the Capitol, Hon. John 0. Pastore (chairman) presiding: Present: Senators John

0. Pastore (presiding), Henry M. Jackson, George D. Aiken, and Wallace F. Bennett; Representatives Chet Holifield, Melvin Price, Thomas G. Morris, Craig Hosmer, William H. Bates, Jack Westland, and John B. Anderson,

Committee staff present: John T. Conway, executive director; Edward J. Bauser, assistant director; George F. Murphy, professional staff member; Jack Newman, staff counsel; James B. Graham, technical adviser; and Jack Rosen, staff consultant.

Representatives of the Department of Defense: Hon. Paul H. Nitze, Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs); Rear Adm. Carlton B. Jones, Chief, Navy Office of Legislative Affairs; Capt. E. R. Zumwalt, Jr., Director, Disarmament (Arms Control Section); Hon. Harold Brown, Director, Defense Research and Engineering; and Col. Grover K. Coe, Congressional Liaison Office.

Representatives of the Department of the Navy: Hon. Fred Korth, Secretary of the Navy; Hon. James H. Wakelin, Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research and Development); Adm. David L. McDonald, Chief of Naval Operations; Vice Adm. Hyman G. Rickover, Assistant Chief for Nuclear Propulsion, Bureau of Ships; Vice Adm. John T. Hayward, commander, Antisubmarine Warfare Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet; Rear Adm. T. F. Connolly, Director, Strike Warfare Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Capt. Vincent P. dePoix, duty under instruction at National War College_(former commanding officer, U.S.S. Enterprise); Capt. Raymond E. Peet, commanding officer, U.S.S. Bainbridge; Capt. Eugene P. Wilkinson, Submarine Warfare Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations, and former commanding officer, U.S.S. Long Beach; Capt. S. T. DeLaMater, Strike Warfare Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Capt. N. Sonenshein, Bureau of Ships; Capt. E. L. Beach, Navy Program Planning Office, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Capt. Isaac Kidd, administrative aide to Admiral McDonald; Capt. M. G. Bayne, naval aide to the Secretary of Navy; Capt. W. J. Moran,

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1 The Joint Committee prepared a report on these bearings entitled, "Nuclear Propulsion for Naval Surface Vessels," December 1963 which was issued on December 22, 1963.

* Mr. Nitze was appointed Secretary of the Navy on November 29, 1963.

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