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The Joint Committee on Atomic Energy in its report made it clear that it does not address itself to the question of whether aircraft carriers or any other types of naval ships should or should not be built. Such matters are the responsibility of the Defense Department and committees of the Congress other than the Joint Committee.
The Joint Committee, though, is charged, by law, with the responsibility for making continuing studies of problems relating to the development, use, and control of atomic energy. These hearings and the committee's report on the hearings are addressed to this responsibility.
Accordingly, it is the belief of the committee that, if warships of the type for which nuclear powerplants have been developed are built, they should be propelled by nuclear power.
Wednesday, October 30, 1963.
1 101 151
STATEMENTS OF WITNESSES (BY ORGANIZATION OR
Leighton, David T., Assistant Manager for Surface Ship Projects,
31, 125–128 Ramey, James T., Commissioner..
75, 85 Rickover, Vice Adm. Hyman G., Manager, Naval Reactors, Division of Reactor Development.
21, 30, 40, 61-62, 71-79, 81-87, 94, 97, 99–100, 103, 108–109, 128 Seaborg, Dr. Glenn T., Chairman..
72–76, 79, 81, 84-85 Department of Defense: Brown, Dr. Harold, Director, Defense Research and Engineering- 32
42, 123, 131-149 McNamara, Robert S., Secretary-
152–196 Nitze, Paul H., Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs).
98 Department of the Navy:
Connolly, Rear Adm. T. F., Director, Strike Warfare Division, Office
of the Chief of Naval Operations.. 102-104, 107–125, 128-131, 146 De La Mater, Capt. S. T., Office of the Chief of Naval Operations... 108,
111-113, 115-117, 120-122 de Poix, Capt. Vincent P., former commanding officer of the U.S.S. Enterprise
87-95, 97 Hayward, Vice Adm. John T., commander of the antisubmarine war
fare force of the Pacific Fleet, and former commander of the first
22, 49–68 Korth, Fred, Secretary of the Navy-
8-33, 40, 42-48, 56 McDonald, Adm. David L., Chief of Naval Operations.
2122, 30, 44-48, 53, 68-71, 85–87, 93, 98, 100 Peet, Capt. Raymond E., commanding officer of the U.S.S. Bainbridge. 95-98 Shaw, Milton, Office of Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research and Development)-
22, 29, 31, 117 Sonenshein, Capt. N., Bureau of Ships
55,71 Wakelin, Dr. James H., Assistant Secretary for Research and Development
12 Wilkinson, Capt. Eugene, former commanding officer of the U.S.S. Long Beach
ADDITIONAL MATERIAL INSERTED IN THE RECORD
"Chairman Pastore Wants Defense To Consider Atomic Propulsion for
Aircraft Carrier," JCAE press release dated October 11, 1963."Construction of the Attack Carrier in the Fiscal Year 1963 Shipbuilding
Program, memorandum from Robert S. McNamara, Secretary of
Defense, to the Secretary of the Navy, dated October 25, 1963Excerpt from hearings before the Subcommittee on Department of Defense
Appropriations, March 6, 1962... List of witnesses to appear at the hearings on nuclear versus conventional propulsion for aircraft carriers, JCAE press release dated October 29,
1963. Memorandum from the Secretary of the Na vy to the Secretary of Defense,
dated September 26, 1963, on the construction of the attack carrier in
fiscal year 1963 shipbuilding program. Naval Research Advisory Committee, membership list. Nuclear-powered carrier cost differential, table“Nuclear Versus Conventional Aircraft Carrier Hearings Announced,"
JCAE press release dated October 23, 1963..
CORRESPONDENCE INSERTED IN THE RECORD
[These hearings were held in executive session. Classified security
information was presented during the executive session. The hearing record was then reviewed and specific items designated by the DOD and Navy Department as being classified information were deleted prior to publication.]
NUCLEAR PROPULSION FOR NAVAL SURFACE VESSELS 1
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1963
Washington, D.C. The Joint Committee on Atomic Energy met, pursuant to call, at 10 a.m., in the committee room, the Capitol, Hon. John 0. Pastore (chairman) presiding: Present: Senators John
0. Pastore (presiding), Henry M. Jackson, George D. Aiken, and Wallace F. Bennett; Representatives Chet Holifield, Melvin Price, Thomas G. Morris, Craig Hosmer, William H. Bates, Jack Westland, and John B. Anderson,
Committee staff present: John T. Conway, executive director; Edward J. Bauser, assistant director; George F. Murphy, professional staff member; Jack Newman, staff counsel; James B. Graham, technical adviser; and Jack Rosen, staff consultant.
Representatives of the Department of Defense: Hon. Paul H. Nitze, Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs); Rear Adm. Carlton B. Jones, Chief, Navy Office of Legislative Affairs; Capt. E. R. Zumwalt, Jr., Director, Disarmament (Arms Control Section); Hon. Harold Brown, Director, Defense Research and Engineering; and Col. Grover K. Coe, Congressional Liaison Office.
Representatives of the Department of the Navy: Hon. Fred Korth, Secretary of the Navy; Hon. James H. Wakelin, Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research and Development); Adm. David L. McDonald, Chief of Naval Operations; Vice Adm. Hyman G. Rickover, Assistant Chief for Nuclear Propulsion, Bureau of Ships; Vice Adm. John T. Hayward, commander, Antisubmarine Warfare Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet; Rear Adm. T. F. Connolly, Director, Strike Warfare Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Capt. Vincent P. dePoix, duty under instruction at National War College_(former commanding officer, U.S.S. Enterprise); Capt. Raymond E. Peet, commanding officer, U.S.S. Bainbridge; Capt. Eugene P. Wilkinson, Submarine Warfare Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations, and former commanding officer, U.S.S. Long Beach; Capt. S. T. DeLaMater, Strike Warfare Division, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Capt. N. Sonenshein, Bureau of Ships; Capt. E. L. Beach, Navy Program Planning Office, Office, Chief of Naval Operations; Capt. Isaac Kidd, administrative aide to Admiral McDonald; Capt. M. G. Bayne, naval aide to the Secretary of Navy; Capt. W. J. Moran,
1 The Joint Committee prepared a report on these bearings entitled, "Nuclear Propulsion for Naval Surface Vessels," December 1963 which was issued on December 22, 1963.
* Mr. Nitze was appointed Secretary of the Navy on November 29, 1963.