Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker
Alan Turing's fundamental contributions to computing led to the development of modern computing technology, and his work continues to inspire researchers in computing science and beyond. This book is the definitive collection of commemorative essays, and the distinguished contributors have expertise in such diverse fields as artificial intelligence, natural computing, mathematics, physics, cryptology, cognitive studies, philosophy and anthropology.
The volume spans the entire rich spectrum of Turing's life, research work and legacy. New light is shed on the future of computing science by visionary Ray Kurzweil. Notable contributions come from the philosopher Daniel Dennett, the Turing biographer Andrew Hodges, and the distinguished logician Martin Davis, who provides a first critical essay on an emerging and controversial field termed hypercomputation. A special feature of the book is the play by Valeria Patera which tackles the scandal surrounding the last apple, and presents as an enigma the life, death and destiny of the man who did so much to decipher the Enigma code during the Second World War.
Other chapters are modern reappraisals of Turing's work on computability, and deal with the major philosophical questions raised by the Turing Test, while the book also contains essays addressing his less well-known ideas on Fibonacci phyllotaxis and connectionism.
1.5. rezultāts no 47.
But Turing specifically defined a type of machine called universal, capable of reading the instruction table of any other machine.
... reading, writing, a table of instructions. A universal machine! ETHEL Black magic. I wonder what the Reverend would say? May St. George protect you!
... adding machine, and if you want to make it perform a particular task, all you have to do is break down the instruction into more simple instructions.
... construction of a machine, of course, but a series of rules that a brainless player could follow, that is a table of instructions, a chess program.
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This impressive tome includes fascinating contributions on the mechanization of mathematics, the (im)possibility of super-Turing computability, Kurzweil's singularity-is-near ideas, and much else. Lasīt pilnu pārskatu
From Unorganized to Organized Machines
Towards a New Human Being?
Computation and Turing Machines
The Mechanization of Mathematics
The Myth of Hypercomputation
The Turing Principle Versus the ChurchTuring Hypothesis
The Computational Analogy
Hilbert and the Entscheidungsproblem
Turings Negative Solution of the Entscheidungsproblem
Church and Gödel
The Possible Loopholes
The First TheoremProvers
Kinds of Mathematical Reasoning
Decision Procedures in Algebra and Geometry
Proofs Involving Computations
Searching for Proofs
Proofs Involving Sets Functions and Numbers
A Taxonomy of Hypercomputation
Conclusion and Summary
Turings Ideas and Models of Computation 159
Turings Contributions to Computer Science
Models of SuperTuring Computation
Towards a New Kind of Computer Science
Rethinking the Theory of Computation
Selfreplication of a Universal Turing Machine on a Multicellular
Detailed Implementation of a Universal Turing Machine
Turings Analysis of Computation
Broadening the Scope of Turings Analysis
Can Machines Think?
Eyes Ears Hands and History
Robots and RuleFollowing
DNA Sequencing Memory Communications the Internet
The Polish Brains Behind the Breaking of the Enigma Code
The New Devices as a Reaction to Changes in the Enigma Settings
Cribs and Opened Out Enigmas
The E Rack
Alan Turing after German Naval Enigma
A Appendix II of UK Public Record Office Document HW142
Turing and Fibonacci Phyllotaxis
Turing and Modern Approaches to Fibonacci Phyllotaxis
Turings Unorganized Machines
Organizing Unorganized Machines