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AND COMMISSION ON THE LEGAL STATUS OF WOMEN

5
24

48
HEARINGS

BEFORE

As. Congress

SUBCOMMITTEE NO. 1 OF THE
House .COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTIETH CONGRESSCARD DIVISION

SECOND SESSION

ON

H. J. Res. 49, H. J. Res. 62, H. J. Res. 85, H. J. Res. 86,

H. J. Res. 89, H. J. Res. 104, and H. J. Res. 110
PROPOSING AN AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION OF
* THE UNITED STATES RELATIVE TO EQUAL RIGHTS FOR

MEN AND WOMEN

AND

H. R. 1972, H.R. 1996, H. R. 2003, H. R. 2007, H. R. 2035,

H. R. 2323, and H. R. 3028
TO ESTABLISH A COMMISSION ON THE LEGAL STATUS OF
WOMEN IN THE UNITED STATES, TO DECLARE A POLICY AS
"TO DISTINCTIONS BASED ON SEX IN LAW AND ADMINISTRA-

TION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

MARCH 10 AND 12, 1948

Serial No. 16

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

EARL C. MICHENER, Michigan, Chairman CHAUNCEY W. REED, Illinois

EMANUEL CELLER, New York JOHN W. GWYNNE, Iowa

FRANCIS E. WALTER, Pennsylvania LOUIS E. GRAHAM, Pennsylvania

SAM HOBBS, Alabama FRANK FELLOW'S, Maine

WILLIAM T. BYRNE, New York EARL R. LEWIS, Ohio

ESTES KEFAUVER, Tennessee JOHN JENNINGS, JR., Tennessee

JOSEPH R. BRYSON, South Carolina
CLIFFORD P. CASE, New Jersey

FADJO CRAVENS, Arkansas
E. WALLACE CHADWICK, Pennsylvania THOMAS J. LANE, Massachusetts
ALBERT L. REEVES, JR., Missouri

MARTIN GORSKI, Illinois
KENNETH B. KEATING, New York

MICHAEL A. FEIGHAN, Ohio EDWARD J. DEVITT, Minnesota

FRANK L. CHELF, Kentucky
ELLSWORTH B. FOOTE, Connecticut ED GOSSETT, Texas
WILLIAM M. MCCULLOCH, Ohio

C. MURRAY BERNHARDT, Chief Clerk
VELMA SMEDLEY, Assistant Chief Clerk

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 1

CHAUNCEY W. REED, Illinois, Acting Chairman JOHN JENNINGS, Jr., Tennessee

EMANUEL CELLER, New York E, WALLACE CHADWICK, Pennsylvania FRANK L. CHELF, Kentucky

ED GOSSETT, Texas

NOTE.-Ho. John M. Robsion, of Kentucky, formerly chairman of this subcommittee, died on February 17, 1948.

1941
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CONTENTS

PROPONENTS OF THE PROPOSED EQUAL RIGHTS AMENDMENT

Statement of—-

Page

Hon. Fadjo Cravens, a Representative in Congress, State of Arkansas. 3

Hon. Katharine St. George, a Representative in Congress, State of

New York...

Hon. Frank A. Barrett, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Wyoming

9

Hon. William T. Byrne, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York.

10

Mrs. Emma Guffey Miller, congressional chairman, National Woman's

Party

10

Hon. Libby E. Sachar, judge, juvenile and domestic relations court,

Union County, N. J.

13

Burnita Shelton Matthews, attorney at law; chairman, committee on

the legal status of women, National Association of Women Lawyers 15, 186

Rosalie M. Moynahan, member, committee on legal status of women,

National Association of Women Lawyers

20

Nina Horton Avery, chairman, Women's Joint Legislative Committee

for Equal Rights.

23

Hon. Gordon L. McDonough, a Representative in Congress from the

State of California...

27

Betty Gram Swing, member, National Council of National Woman's

Party

28

Mary Markajani, Yonkers, N. Y

30

Adda Lutz Ferguson, attorney, Philadelphia, Pa..

32

Hon. Arthur Capper, a United States Senator, State of Kansas.

36

Virginia Starr Freedom, United Nations Citizenship League, Balti-

more, Md..

37

Mary Church Terrell, founder and first president, National Associa-

tion of Colored Women.

38

Lucia Hanna Hadley, representing National Council of Women of the

United States.

40

Anita Pollitzer, national chairman, National Woman's Party 40, 191

Mrs. Robert Walker, international relations chairman, National

Woman's Party

44

Mary A. Murray, chairman, industrial council, National Woman's

Party

44

Cecil Norton Broy, political chairman, National Woman's Party

65

Carolina Katzenstein, Philadelphia, Pa.

67

Dorothy Matthews Spinks, Alpha Iota Sorority representative

68

Mrs. Leslie Wright, legislative chairman, General Federation of

Women's Clubs..

69

Gertrude L. Crocker, national legislative chairman, the American

Federation of Soroptomist Clubs -

Miss Sally Butler, president, the National Federation of Business and

Professional Women's Clubs, Inc.

85

Miss Mary Donlon, representing Republican Women of the State of

New York

182

Statements filed in support of equal-rights amendment:

Hon. Oren Harris, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Arkansas.

Hon. William A. Dawson, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Utah.

73

27
71
47

72

PROPONENTS OF Bills To ESTABLISH A COMMISSION ON THE LEGAL

STATUS OF WOMEN

Statement of-

Hon. James W. Wadsworth, a Representative in Congress, State of

New York

90

Paul Sifton, national legislative representative, UAW-CIO.

93

Frieda S. Miller, Director, Women's Bureau, United States Depart-

ment of Labor.--

100

Margaret F. Stone, chairman of legislation, National Women's Trade

Union League -

111

Mrs. Ralph A. Young, executive vice chairman, National Committee

on the Status of Women..

114, 193

William S. Roach, member, legal advisory council, National Com-

mittee on the Status of Women.

130

Mrs. L. M. Lister, representing National Council of Negro Women..

140

Selma Borchardt, representing American Federation of Labor -

142, 215

Irma Peiphoe, representing National Council of Catholic Women.. 147

Mrs. Sarah V. Sollars, Cleveland, Ohio.-

149

Mrs. Samuel Brown, National Council of Jewish Women.

152

Joseph Kovner, the American Civil Liberties Union.

153

Marvin C. Harrison, attorney, representing the National Consumer's

League, Cleveland, Ohio.

155

Kathryn H. Stone, first vice president, League of Women Voters of

the United States.-

170

Sylvia Wubnig, National League of Women Shoppers

181

Statements and letters filed in support of the legal status bills:

Hon. Estes Kefauver, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Tennessee.

194

Hon. Helen Gahagan Douglas, a Representative in Congress from the

State of California..

196

Hon. Mary T. Norton, a Representative in Congress from the State of

New Jersey -

198

Hon. Frances P. Bolton, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Ohio..

200

Statements and letters filed-Continued

Sarah Gibson Blanding, president, Vassar College.

Dr. Julia M. Green, Women's National Homeopathic Medical Fra-

ternity

Women's Division of Christian Service of the Methodist Church, by

Miss Eleanor Neff..

American Association of University Women, Miss Marjarie L. Temple,

legislative program associate-

The national board of the Young Women's Christian Association, by

Mrs. Arthur Forrest Anderson, president-

National Farmers' Union, by Russell Smith, legislative secretary

Congress of Women's Auxiliaries of the CIO, Faye Stephenson, presi-

dent; Helen Blanchard, director of organization...

United' Office and Professional Workers of America, CIO, submitted

by Helen Kingery, secretary, UOPWA Women's Committee..

United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers of America, by Miss

Ruth Young -

Women's Auxiliary No. 36, Typographical Union No. 6, Bronx, N. Y.,

by Mrs. Ray Ravin, secretary-

Max Zaritsky, president of the United Hatters, Cap, and Millinery

Workers International Union.

Food, Tobacco, Agricultural, and Allied Workers Union of America,

by Elizabeth Sasuly, Washington representative.-

Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Ex-

press and Station Employees, by Hartman Barber, general repre-

sentative.

Miss Pauline Newman, representing International Ladies Garment

Workers Union.--

Supplemental statement of Miss Selma M. Borchardt, representing

the American Federation of Labor..

Excerpts from an address by Justice Wiley Rutledge, given at Bryn

Mawr College, submitted by Muriel Ferris, congressional secretary,

League of Women Voters

Letters addressed to Representative Emanuel Celler by Mrs. Albert R.

Spillman, president, Brooklyn Diocesan Council of Catholic Women.

Letters from Omaha Archdiocesan Council of National Council of

Catholic Women, Mrs. Norman Folda, president.

Letter from the Pittsburgh Council of Catholic Women, Mrs. Margaret

G. Viehman, president..

List of telegrams received.--

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