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Production (see also specific subjects):

Page
Apples---

282
Canning-

537
Food---

282
Ice industry---

435
Lumber, South:

Number of mills and total production in selected States, 1942.- 209
Percentage southern pine to national total, 1929_44_-

208
Total, and percentage sold intrastate, selected States, 1936 and
1938_-

211
Productivity (see also specific subjects):
Cotton textile industry, 1939-44..

545
Manufacturing, 1919-41.-

149
Railroads.

840-841
Relation to minimum wages-

302, 342, 716
Shipbuilding----

655-656
Statements on:
AFL

22, 24, 28
CIO_

123, 178
National Association of Manufacturers.

222-223
Schwellenbach, Lewis B--

307
Walling, L. Metcalfe---

860
Telegraph industry, 1930–43.

605
Professional and white collar workers :
Employment:
Extent of union organization.-

430
In white-collar industries_

409, 418
Standards of living----

408, 415, 418
Wages:
Hourly earnings in selected occupations---

418-420
Hourly earnings under 65 cents, percent of workers in selected
white-collar industries.-

418
NWLB going rates, clerical workers_

421
Straight-time hourly wage rates, distribution of workers in white-
collar industries

418
Substandard----

408-412, 415 417
Profitability (see also specific industries) :
Automobile industry-

135, 153
Break-even points.

132, 133, 153–154
Canning, 1936–39.

52, 533, 538
Corporate profits..

46, 131
Cotton compressing and warehousing-

671, 679-680
Cotton textile manufacturing, 1936_44_

549, 559
Dairies and dairy products--

715
Effect of minimum wages on.

281
Food industries--

52
Manufacturing---

65, 131, 153
Manufacturing and mining-

149
Retail trade, 1936-39, 1944.

619-620, 628630, 636-651
Shipping companies.

751-752
Steel industry profits before taxes in 1946 at various levels and 1943
material prices---

134, 153
Sugar growing and processing--

824-825
Telephone and telegraph industry-

613, 614
Western Union Telegraph Co----

350
Tobacco industry--

51
Wholesale trade_-

640, 652
Puerto Rico : Walling, L. Metcalf, statement of

907-908
Purchasing power---

41, 44–46, 59, 67, 126, 253
Dollar value of:
1941-45----

556
Present compared to period when 40-cent minimum was put into
effect.

35, 50, 611
Postwar..

25, 146

Railroads :

Page
Effect of increasing minimum wage- 256, 262, 840, 846-847, 848, 854-855
Deductions. (See Wages, below.)
Employment and pay rolls..

187, 254, 256, 845, 848, 850, 853, 855
Exemption from section 7_-

839, 854
Productivity

840–841
Red caps--

490–527
Revenue:
Freight ton-miles:
Per dollar of wages, 1931-41..

851
Per employee---

852
Per hour of employee service, 1921–44.

852
Passenger-mile, 1921-44_

851
Portion of operating revenue used for wages and all items other
than wages, 1921-44..

851
Wages :
Collective bargaining minimum rates.-

842-843
Deductions, effect on minimum wage-

465–467, 842
Differentials, geographical ---

252
Dining-car waiters

185, 463
Dishwashers.

185, 191
Earnings, average straight time:
Class I line haul, all employees, 1921-44.

852
Class I railways, low-paid workers, 1944.

837
Effect of proposed minimum wages-

256, 837, 854–855
Per revenue ton-mile 1921-44_

850
Pullman laundry workers..

463
Rates :

Class I railways, employees receiving 75 cents to $1 per
hour.-

261-262
Minimum, since passage of FLSA.

255
Red caps-

463
Tips, dining-car-service employees.

189, 191
Regulations of Administrator. (See Rules and regulations.)
Restitution. (See Back wages and Employee suits.)
Retail trade (see also Retail and service establishments) :
Chains (see also specific subjects below):
Number of stores (partial list).

632–633
Relation to interstate commerce..

622
Department stores (see also specific subjects below):
Wages ---

617
Annual earnings

618
Straight-time hourly earnings, by city size and region, 1943_ 623
Straight-time average hourly earnings, December 1943, in

key operations in 12 towns and percent of change since
January 1941

624
Employment, estimated full time and part time, 1939–43_

622
Hours of work-----

621
Profitability :
Basic data on margins for, in selected groups of stores :
Department and specialty, 1936-39 average, 1910–15. 636-640,

645-647
Furniture..

641
Hardware

649-651
Men's apparel.

643
Variety chains, 15 identical..

648
Profits:

Before and after taxes, 1936-39 average, 1913 and 1944----- 134
Percentage of sales and net worth before and after taxes,
1936-39 average, 1942 and 1943_

630
Retail trade companies.

628, 629
Sales :
Chain store, as percentage of all retail sales, 1942-44_

632
Per employee 1936-39 average, 1940–44.

634
Retail stores, by kind of business, 1939-44.

631

Retail trade (see also Retail and service establishments)—Continued
Wages (see also Department stores, above):

Page
Annual earnings, 1943.

617
Hourly earnings_-

616-617
New York State:
Retail trade

626
Women in major types of retail stores in 1944_

626
Number, estimated, of employees receiving less than 40 cents,
August 1944.

626
Straight-time, by size of city and region.

623
Retail and service establishments :
Coverage under act.

873
Laundry and linen industry-

872–874
Revenues, per capita State and local (see also specific subject)--

141
Rules and regulations :

Definition of terms by administrative interpretation and regula-
tion.--

195, 198, 231
Sales (see also specific industries) :
Farm.

279
Retail-

143
Salmon industry, Alaska :
Characteristics

590-596
Union contracts...

593
Savings:
Effect of unemployment.

41
Families of two or more persons in cities.

330
Scarcity-

29, 41
Seamen (Deep-sea and inland waters and lakes):
Competition with motor, rail, and air lines

770, 771
Coverage :
Effect of H. R. 3914_.

535
Under Merchant Marine Act of 1937.

731, 769
Effect of proposed minimum.

-749–752, 758–761, 771
Exemption :
Section 13 (a) (3).

48, 52, 126, 732, 756, 769–770
Walling, L. Metcalfe_

864, 903-904
Labor force and working conditions:
Conditions of employment--

734–735
Merchant Marine casualties and labor force_-

734
Overtime :
Feasibility of 40-hour week.

746–749, 757–758, 773
Requirements of FLSA and Seamen's Act--

769–770
Statutory requirement under FLSA, substitute proposed for.--- 773
Productivity

654656
Wages :
Annual earnings----

740–742, 772–773
Hourly and monthly, by occupation :
Deep-sea

736-738
Inland waters_-

771-773
Labor cost as percent of total operating cost of vessel

750, 753
Lakes seamen----

752, 754
Maintenance, as part of...

742–746, 757
Shipbuilding Industry:
Cost of proposed amendment-

654
Productivity

654-656
Wages: Prevailing rate, regional.

653, 661
Workers earning less than 65 cents.-

653
Shipping Industry. (See Seamen.)
Small Business-

225, 271, 305
Standard of living:
American

615
Effect of income on:
Death rates

139, 162
Disabled persons.

135-136
Education.-

142
Housing

140, 163

Standard of living—Continued
Effect of income on-Continued

Page
Illness

162
Malnutrition

162
Maternal mortality-

139
Medical care

137, 162
Physicians.-

138
Selective Service rejections_-

51, 143, 166
Size of family---

142
National budget based on "standard of living" model.

144, 168
Northern and Southern cities, differences in..

313
Railroad workers.

847-848
Relation of 65 cents minimum to.

23, 33, 708-709, 836
Soldier's allotment--

170
Statute of Limitation:
Five years_-

53, 126, 208, 457, 562, 596-597, 600, 602, 673, 677
Gwynne bill, H. R. 2788.

-241,864, 894–900
One year--

95,
118, 195, 218, 234, 276, 367, 370, 390, 398, 438 439, 541, 553, 698, 927
Reported out by House Judiciary Committee---

241, 864
Three years:
Schwellenbach, Lewis B-

298
Walling, L. Metcalfe_

864-866, 894-900, 909-910
Subproductive workers---

396, 399, 402-405
Subsidies :
Farm

76
Seamen..

759
Sugar growing and processing:
Collective bargaining agreements.

784–785, 812–813, 816, 822–823
Cost of increasing minimum wage:
Hawaiian sugar producers.-

814-815, 822-823
Louisiana sugar mills---

827-830
Employment:
Hawaiian sugar production..

-780–782, 813, 815
Seasonality--

779_780, 782, 824
Exemptions, elimination of_

789–790, 815, 824-825
Factoring in-----

786
Hawaiian wage and hour law..

787, 814
Integration---

782, 785, 786-811
Mechanization.

780
Overtime

787, 789–790, 829-830
Perquisities--

783
Production, acreage, number of employees, man-days worked in
Hawaii, 1936, 1941, and 1944 -

781, 813
Profitability--

780, 817, 821-824
Sugar Act of 1937-

814, 817, 819-820
Tax-quota program-

819-821
Wages :
Agricultural workers, Hawaii cane-sugar industry-

783, 789
Comparison of earnings of workers in Hawaii with those on
mainland.

784-785, 791, 807-808
Industrial sugar workers, Hawaii..

783–
785, 787, 789–791, 804–808, 812–813, 816, 824-825
Labor cost per ton of raw sugar---

814
Sugar mills, Louisiana, percentage distribution of total labor
bill paid cut to different classes of labor.---

826
Total wage bill, Hawaiian sugar producers, 1915 and 1946-

822
Telegraph industry:
Child labor.

344-350, 569–570, 606-608, 665-667
Employment ---

343, 570–572, 603-605, 612, 684, 686, 687
Messengers. (See Child labor.)
Productivity

610
Profitability

350, 609-610
Wages-

343, 350-351, 570, 603-604, 612, 685-687

555

Telephone industry:
Bell system :

Page
Employment-

605-606, 612
Profitability

605, 609, 612-613
Wages-

603, 612
Independent companies :
Area served.

85
Effect of wage increase

89–93, 98, 102, 111
Employee suits.-

95-96
Employment-

92, 96
Exemption for switchboard operators_

89, 94-96, 99
Nature of.---

85, 91, 97
Number of

86–87, 110-111
Profitability

106-107, 111
Revenue.

86, 93-94
Wages

100, 104
Textile industry (see also Cotton and Cotton textile) :
Profitability-

156
Wages
Carpet and rug industry-

150
Knitting industry-

150
Rayon-

150
Woolen and worsted industry-

150
Workers in North receiving 65 cents under union agreement.-- 150
Trade association :
Alaska Salmon Industry, Inc.

590
American Cotton Manufacturers Association, "A Study of Textile

Wages in the South”.
American Farm Bureau Federation.--.

275
American Fisheries Association Cooperative---

598
American Hotel Association ---

56.)
American Paper and Pulp Association.-.

198
American Sugar Cane League_-

823
American Trucking Association, Inc.

353
American Waterways Operators, Inc.

771
Appalachian Apple Service, Inc.

270
Association of American Railroads.

251
California Fish Canners Association.

601
California Sardine Products Institute.

596
Central California Sardine Association.

599
Cotton Textile Institute -

543
Dairy Industry Committee ---

714
Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association-

812
International Apple Association..

277
Lake Carriers Association -----

769
Minnesota Telephone Association.-

1110
National Association of Ice Industries

431
National Association of Manufacturers.

213
National Association of Motor Bus Operators_-

387
National Canners Association.

535
National Coal Association --

395
National Cotton Compress and Cotton Warehouse Association_

669
National Cottonseed Products Association -

333
National Council of Farmer Cooperatives-

275
National Fisheries Institute.

577
National Grange.

265
National Lumber Manufacturers Association..

194
National Peach Council --

270
National Shrimp Canners Association --

589
Ohio Hothouse Cooperative Association.

541
Oyster Institute of North America, The_

582
Southern Pine Industry Committee

200
United States Independent Telephone Association.-

85
Virginia Fisheries Association -

576
Western Pennsylvania Motor Carriers Association, Inc..

392
Unemployment-----

35, 45
United States Employment Service, labor market conditions.-

183

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