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Canning—Continued

Page
Production.---

537
Profitability

538
State minimum wage rates-

574
Statute of limitations.-.

541
Wages

573, 575
Child labor (see also Western Union):
Coverage

49, 214, 298, 345, 347, 762–766
Definition :
Hazardous occupations.

347-348, 667
Oppressive child labor.

346, 762–765
Employment.

285, 347, 765
Evasions.

24, 49, 126, 346, 763–764
Hazards of telegraph messengers-

347–350, 765–766
National Child Labor Committee---

663-669
State regulation :
Inadequacy of_-

766
Messengers, telegraph.

665-666, 764
Walling, L. Metcalfe.

905-906
Western Union --

569, 606-608, 663-668, 765
Supreme Court decision.-

764
Clothing: Effect of proposed amendments.

377-378, 709-710
Coal :
Effect of proposed amendments:
Handicapped and part-time workers.

396
Labor costs.

398
Prices ---

398
Wages --

395-396, 405
Collective bargaining:
Effect of proposed amendments..

22
Exemption requested for workers covered by-

37, 396
Commerce, Department of: Wallace, Henry A.

61
Competition :
Effect of wages.

171
Foreign----

59
Cotton textiles.-

552, 560
Dairy industry-

704, 706
Effect of proposed amendments.-

72-74
Exports of manufacturers in high- versus low-wage industries. 74
World trade, 1919–39..

73
Cost of living :
Budget:
Bureau of Labor Statistics

23, 51, 68, 258, 306
Heller committee

174, 616, 739, 843
New York State budget for women-

175, 618
Textile workers emergency -

616, 739, 843
WPA maintenance

175, 616, 617, 843
Changes ---

34, 44, 46, 51, 77, 151, 160, 555-556
Consumer expenditures and consumption.--

23, 27,

119, 160, 162, 327-328, 330, 418
Regional and size of community differences.

620-621
Cost of proposed amendments (see also Effects of increasing minimum)-- 66, 71,

149, 152–153, 176, 178, 198, 215, 219-220, 222, 224, 243, 270, 297, 858–859
Apparel

377
Coal---

398
Cotton textile

544, 547
Fishery-

580
Hotel.

566
Lumber.

203, 209-211
Railroads.

256, 262
Shipbuilding

654
Walling, L. Metcalfe:
Effect on noncovered employees.

882
Indirect effects.

858-859
Percent wage bill increase..

858-860
Price increases resulting from increasing wages.

914-915

Cotton and cotton textiles :

Page
Effect of proposed amendments.

544–552, 560
Employment-

543
Foreign competition---

552, 560
Production.

678, 681-682
Productivity-

545-546, 552
Profitability-

549, 558-560
Wages and labor costs..

543, 545, 550-551, 554–556, 560–561
Cottonseed crushing--

333
Cotton compressing and warehousing:
Definition.---

678679
Effect of increasing wages.

532, 670–677
Employment.

672, 6776
Exemption---

670, 674, 677
Profitability-

671, 679-680
Wages

676, 679-680
Court review : Amendment requested.

289
Coverage:
Clarification.-

195, 197, 218, 229-230, 235
Establishment versus employee basis.

876
Extension-----

52, 180, 235, 535, 616, 622, 721-722
Number of workers.

69
Dairy products:
Cooperatives :
Changes in act proposed by various House bills which would affect
farmers and farmers' cooperatives--

701
Effect of increased minimum wages on farmers' cooperatives--- 532
Exemption (sce also Area of production):
Request for (buttermilk).

695–697, 716-718, 919-922
Overtime

694-695
Profitability

715
Seasonality

716-717
Wages_---

714, 718–720
Damage suits. (See Employee suits, Back wages, and Statute of limita-

tion.)
Employee suits (see also Back wages and Statute of limitation):
Employer protection----

866-867, 872, 899
Number (estimated) of...

894
De Lacy, Hugh.

56
Differentials (see also specific subject and Job classifications and Discrimi-
nation):
Regional ---

32, 81, 304, 336–338
Dining-car employees. (See Railroads.)
Discrimination:
Race or color

442-448
Sex

450
Education :
Expenditures for schools_--

141
Facilities

163
Years completed.-

142
Effects of increasing minimum (see also specific subject and Costs of pro-
posed amendments):
Walling, L. Metcalfe
Workers directly affected by
Proposed amendments

859
Wage orders_

859, 911
Electrical-machinery industry:
Employees earning less than 65 cents_.

449
Productivity

455
Profits----

454
Unionization, extent of..

455
Wages:
Differentials --

449
Percentage of employees earning less than 65 cents..

449
Sex discrimination---

450
Substandard

452

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Employment (see also specific subject) :

Page
Agriculture, requirements, 1939, 1942–44.-

293
Effect of low wages-

168
Effect of proposed amendments---

463
Prices, income, and employment, 1935-39, 1943, forecasts 1950_

291
Seasonal change_.

199
Exemptions (see also specific subject):
Walling, L. Metcalfe :
Area of production---

802–863, 885, 901-902
Fisheries-

863-864, 902–903
Highly paid employees.

881, 912-913
Motor carriers_

864, 905
Seamen.

864, 903–904
Fishing industry:
Effect of proposed amendments:
Costs..

580, 597
Prices

580
Exemption.

48
52, 126, 535, 578, 581-584, 589, 596–599, 601, 863-864, 902–903
Production :
Alaska salmon industry-

590
Sardine production, Monterey, Calif., 1944–45_

600
Wages :
Effect of removal of exemption.

599-600, 602
Labor cost as percent of cost of production.

582
Foreign trade. (See Competition, foreign.)
Gallup poll: Attitude of public toward 65-cent minimum..

161
Health. (See Standards of living.)
Home work : Effect of Fair Labor Standards Act..

387
Hook, Frank E..
Hours worked, interpretation of.

195, 197, 233, 240, 397
Ice industry:
Competition

432
Coverage.

431-433
Effect of proposed amendments.-

435 437
Operating costs.-

432
Productivity

435
Seasonality-

433
Wage differentials_

437
Income:
Effect of wage standards_

28
Families of two or more persons in cities, 1944.

330
Farm and nonfarm, 191044-

293
Farm, change in_-

77
Manufacturing--

65
National

127, 280, 531
OPA study in 1943_

45
Relation of price of apples to per capita income

283
Relation to living costs---

23, 44, 51
Industry committees :
Comments on--

48, 207, 462, 673, 680 681, 711, 861
Occupational minima.

37, 549-550
Record of.---

862, 889–893
Request for, by Administrator..

867-877, 907
Job classifications (see also Differentials and Discrimination) :
Peg points.

179, 710–711
Walling, L. Metcalfe.

861, 879, 908-909
Statements on proposed amendments.

25, 26, 48, 217, 271,
287, 297, 412, 414, 428, 437, 519-550, 700-701, 716, 839, 812, 854
Labor, Department of:
Hinrichs, A. F.

311
Lenroot, Katherine F.

762
Schwellenbach, Lewis B.

293
Walling, L. Metcalfe_

857

Labor unions:

Page
Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (CIO)--

707
American Communications Association ----

603
American Federation of Labor-----

22
Bartenders International League of America (AFL)

185, 191, 193
Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees---

842
Brotherhood of Railway and Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers, Ex-
press and Station Employees---

854
Commercial Telegraphers Union, Western Union division (AFL). 684
Congress of Industrial Organizations--

121
Food, Tobacco, Agricultural, and Allied Workers Union of America
(CIO)--

527
Hotel and Restaurant Employees International Alliance (AFL) 185, 191, 193
Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America--- 652
International Association of Machinists.-

456
International Ladies Garment Workers Union.-

377
International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (CIO) 774
Joint Council of Dining Car Employees, railroad department (AFL) 191
Maritime Committee (CIO)_.

730
Railway Labor Executives Association.-

835
United Construction Workers, affiliated with United Mine Workers of
America----

584
United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers of America (CIO)-- 448
United Office and Professional Workers of America (CIO)--

407
United Retail, Wholesale, and Department Store Employees of America
(CIO)

615
United Steelworkers of America (CIO) -

121
United Transport Service Employees of America (CIO).

463
Learners, exemption for.

26, 29
Little Steel formula.--

34
Lumber industry:
Southern pine industry:
Comparison with national lumber production, 1929-44_-

208
Cost and sales realization, group I mills, 1919-44.

212
Costs, 1937 and 1944, group I mills--

211
Effect of proposed amendments:
Costs

203, 209
Exports and imports.

206
Labor costs

203, 209
Small operators.-

205
Experience under present wage-hour law.

205
Intrastate versus interstate shippers.

206
Labor cost:
Increase--

203
Per unit of output in manufacturing-

210
Southern pine versus other industries.--

204
Number of:
Employees

201
Mills and their production of softwood and hardwood lumber. 209
Production -

209
Production and consumption of lumber in Southern States, 1936
and 1938

211
Productivity

203
Southern pine versus substitutes.

206
Workers affected

202
Travel time, logging--

926-927
Machinists---

456
Manufacturing:
Cost of proposed amendments.

148, 219–220
Effect of 65¢ minimum.-

148
Employment, number of workers.

147, 259
Income

65
Labor costs.

149
Prices

-63, 131
Productivity.

131, 149, 223
Profits

65, 131, 149

310

Manufacturing—Continued
Wages :

Pago
Hourly earnings_-

-131, 149, 297
Pay rolls, weekly, composition of, April 1945---

66
Rates :
Average, 1923-44_

63
Distribution of, summer 1945-

71
Hourly, distribution of workers by-

147, 259
Relative to prices, trend of, 1923-44.

64
Mechanization :
Clothing

380
Lumber

202, 205
Railroads

254
Statements on:
AFL

24, 40
De Lacy, Hugh-

58
NAM

223
Schwellenbach, Lewis B..
Wallace, Henry A----

76, 83
Messengers. (See Child labor, Western Union, Telephones and telegraph.)
Miami Copper Co-----

446
Milk. (See Dairy products.)
Mining industries, profits, corporate_-

149
Missionary institutions of religious bodies :
Effect of proposed minimum wage legislation.

833-834
Exemption from act, request for..

834
Wage scale

832–833
Motor carriers :
Cost of proposed amendments-

355
Coverage:
Local and national activities_

366, 369
Patterson, Ellis E..

52
Employment-

357, 374, 387, 391
Labor costs

388, 391
Operating costs

353, 356, 358, 393
Overtime exemption

358, 365, 389, 393
Rate regulation..

361, 369
Wages_

355, 364-365, 387, 391–393
National Association for Advancement of Colored People-

441
National Catholic Welfare Conference-

461
National Consumers League

568
National Federation of Settlements.

118
National Planning Association.---

168
Nonagricultural employees, number of...

259
Occupational differentials (see also Job classifications and specific indus-
try): Walling, L. Metcalfe-----

867, 879, 908 909
Overtime:
Purpose of premium payments.

621
Regular rate

233
Seasonal industries.

46–8, 199, 529-530, 536, 539-541, 693, 716-717
Section 7 (b) revision proposed.

397
Thirty-five-hour week

370
Pacific islands (other than Hawaii), special treatment for

908
Panther Creek Mines, Inc.--

405
Paper and pulp industry

198
Patterson bill, H. R. 3719 :
Statements on-

Patterson, Ellis E.
Walling, L. Metcalfe-

867
Prices (see also specific subject):
AFL, statement of..

24, 33-34, 40 41
Effect of minimum wage, statement of:
De Lacy, Hugh_-

58
Schwellenbach, Lewis B.--

297
Index of selected prices, average for 1935–39, 1943, estimates for 1950. 291

49

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