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Table 243.- Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and

per cent who report wife abroad, by race of husband.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting. The total, however, is for all foreigt

born.)

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Of the 1,619 foreign-born husbands for whom information was obtained, 61.8 per cent report their wives in the United States.

None of the Swedes, less than 1 per cent of the Irish and only 3.9 per cent of the Germans, report their wives abroad. On the other hand, the Greeks report 92.9 per cent of their wives abroad, a proportion considerably larger than that shown by the Russians or Croatians, and very much larger than that shown by the Poles or Slovenians—the Slovenians reporting 42.9 per cent of their wives not in the United States.

The tendency on the part of husbands who left their wives abroad to send for them after specified periods of residence in this country is considered in the table next submitted, which shows by race of husband and by years husband has been in the United States the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wives abroad. Table 244.Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, by race of husband

and by years husband has been in the United States.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more husbands reporting.)

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From the above table it will be noted that, without regard to the period of residence in the United States, 54.5 per cent of the Croatians report wives abroad, as compared with 44.4 per cent of the

Poles, while less than 5 per cent of the German and Irish husbands, combined, report their wives not in the United States.

Of those husbands who have been in the United States under five years, the per cent of Croatians with wives abroad is slightly larger than that of the Poles and very much larger than that of the Germans. Of those who have been in the United States from five to nine years and ten years or over, it will be noted that again the proportion of Croatians exceeds that of any other race. No Germans, who have been in the United States ten years or over and no Irish, who have been in the United States from five to nine years or ten years or over, report wives abroad.

VISITS ABROAD.

The following table shows visits abroad made by foreign-born male employees, by years in the United States and race:

TABLE 245.— Visits abroad made by foreign-born male employees, by years in the United

States and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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The above table shows that 17.6 per cent of the foreign-born males, for whom information was secured, who have been in the United States ten years or over have made one or more visits abroad, as against 12.1 per cent of those who have been here from five to nine years, and only 3.5 per cent of those who have been here under five years. The proportion of individuals who have been here under five years who have made visits abroad is largest for the Slovenians, Irish, and Germans, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the Poles, and the proportion of individuals who have been here from five to nine years who have made visits abroad is largest for the Slovenians and Croatians and smallest for the Germans and Poles, while 29.2 per cent of the Croatians, a considerably smaller proportion of the Irish, Poles, Slovenians, and Germans, and none of the Russians, who have been in the United States ten years or over, have made visits abroad.

AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR HOUSE

HOLDS.

The age characteristics of the members of the households studied in Kansas City, Kans., is set forth in the following table, which shows, by sex and general nativity and race of head of household, the per cent of persons in the households studied who were in each designated age group: TABLE 246.--Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and by general nativity

and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

MALE.

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In this locality 21.4 per cent of the males for whom information was secured are under 6 years of age, 14.7 per cent are from 6 to 13, 2.8 per cent are from 14 to 15, 6.4 per cent are from 16 to 19, 24 per cent are from 20 to 29, 22.5 per cent are from 30 to 44, and 8.2 per cent are 45 or over. The proportion of individuals from 16 to 19 years of age and from 30 to 44 years of age, respectively, is larger for the native-born of native father than for the foreign-born, while the proportion of individuals from 20 to 29 and 45 years of age or over, respectively, is larger for the foreign-born than for the native-born of native father.

Of the foreign-born, the Poles have the largest and the Croatians the smallest proportion of males from 16 to 19 years of age. The Croatians have the largest and the Germans the smallest proportion of males from 20 to 29 years of age and from 30 to 44 years of age, respectively, and the Germans have the largest and the Croatians the smallest proportion of males 45 years of age or over.

A larger proportion of females than of males are under 6, from 6 to 13, and from 14 to 15, respectively; while a larger proportion of males than of females are from 16 to 19, from 20 to 29, from 30 to 44 and 45 or over, respectively. The proportion of females from 16 to 19 and 45 or over, respectively, is larger for the foreign-born than for the native-born of native father. But the proportion of females from 20 to 29 and from 30 to 44, respectively, is larger for the native-born of native father than for the foreign-born.

The Germans have the largest and the Croatians the smallest proportion of females from 16 to 19 years of age and 45 years of age or over, respectively; the Poles have the largest and the Germans the smallest proportion of females from 20 to 29 years of age, and the Croatians have the largest and the Poles the smallest proportion of females from 30 to 44 years

of

age. The following table shows by general nativity and race of individual the proportion of male employees within each specified age group: TABLE 247.Per cent of male employees within each age group, by general nativity.

anil race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only races with 40 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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Native-born of native father:

White..

Negro.
Native-born of foreign

father, by country of
birth of father:

England..
Germany

Ireland.
Foreign-born, by race:

Croatian.
English.
German
Greek.
Irish.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Polish.
Russian.
Servian..
Slovak.
Slovenian.
Swedish.

Grand total...
Total native-born of foreign

father.
Total native-born.
Total foreign-born..

12.1
4.4
3.1
11.2

2.0
12.9

1,043

45 351 223 201 62 46 321 167 72 86 114 87

30. 1
4.4
8.8
29.6

7.5
17.7
26.1
26.2
24. 6
47.2
37.2
21.9
4.6

24. 7

6.7 11.7 24.2 11.9 22.6 28.3 30.8 28.7 12.5 16.3 23.7 6.9

.0

11.6
13.3

9.7
13.0

9.0 11.3 10.9 14.6 13. 2 12.5 14.0 17.5 12.6

16.7 20.0 26.5 17.0 29.9 22. 6 30.4 15.3 19.2

8.3 15. 1 21.1

4.3 33.3 27.6

4.5 22.4 12.9 4.3 5.0 3.6 6.9 3.5 5.3 29.9

5 17.8 12.5

4 17.4

0 0 .9 .6 1.4 .0

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1.8

31.0

14.9

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In the foregoing table almost equally large proportions are 20 to 24, 35 to 44, and 25 to 29 years of age. None are less than 14, and but 4.8 per cent 55 or over.

The proportions of the foreign-born races and of the native-born of native father from 14 to 19 are all small, but the proportions of the recent immigrant races 20 to 24 and 25 to 29 years of age are quite large, while the proportions of the old immigrant races in these age groups are very low. The proportions of all the races 30 to 34 years of age vary little from the 13.4 of the totals, but from this point on the proportions of the recent immigrant races become smaller and those of the old immigrant races larger, until finally less than 2 per cent of any of the former races report 55 years or over, as compared with from 12.5 per cent to 17.8 per cent of the latter.

Summarizing, the majority of each of the old immigrant races are 35 years of age or over, large proportions being 45 or over, while the majority of the recent immigrant races and those whose fathers were born in England or Germany are less than 30, the majority of the Servians and Slovaks, and large proportions of the other recent immigrant races being less than 25.

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