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The following table analyzes further the data of the table preceding and shows the per cent of male employees in each conjugal condition according to age groups and general nativity and race of individual:

Table 175.Per cent of male employees in each conjugal condition, by age groups and

general nativity and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only races with 100 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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Of the total male employees 20 to 29 years of age, 36.7 per cent are married; of those 30 to 44 years of age, 79.7 per cent; and of the group 45 years of age or over, 84.2 per cent. Similarly, each class of male employees, except the native negroes, shows the smallest proportion married in the 20 to 29 age group and the largest in the 45 years or over group. Moreover, of every class the greater proportion 20 to 29 years of age are single. Of the foreign races only the Bohemians and Moravians and Germans have the greater proportion of the group 20 to 29 years of age married. In every age group the Irish have the largest proportion of male employees single. The per

cent of persons in the households studied who were 20 years of age or over and who were in each conjugal condition is shown in the table next presented according to sex and general nativity and race of individual.

TABLE

176.- Per cent of persons 20 years of age or over in each conjugal condition, by

sex and general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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Of a total of 795 persons studied in the above table, it will be seen that 89.6 per cent are married, 8.9 per cent are single, and 1.5 per cent are widowed. The foreign-born shows a much larger proportion who are married than does the native-born of foreign father. Of the several races the German and North Italian show 100

per

cent married, while the other races show a small proportion, which in no case exceeds 6 per cent, who are single or widowed. Comparing the total males with the total females, it will be seen that the proportion in each conjugal condition is practically the same. Both the males and females of foreign birth show a decidedly larger proportion who are married, than those of native birth of foreign parentage. As regards the different races, it will be seen that, with the exception of the Bohemian and Moravian, which shows 6.1 per cent single, each race shows that the entire number of males are married or widowed, while, with the exception of the Bohemian and Moravian, which shows 3 per cent single, and Swedish, which shows 3.6 per cent single, each race shows that the entire number of females are married widowed.

Although a considerable proportion of the immigrant employees are married, the fact of greatest significance in connection with their conjugal condition is that large numbers when immigrating to the United States left their wives in their native countries. From the "study of employees” the following table shows the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and per cent who report wife abroad according to race of husband.

or

Table 177.Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife in the United States and

per cent who report wife abroad, by race of husband,

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[This table includes only races with 40 or more husbands reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign

born.)

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Of the foreign-born husbands in this locality for whom information was secured, 17.6 per cent report their wives abroad. The proportion of husbands reporting wives abroad is largest among the Russians, followed by the Lithuanians, Slovenians, and Croatians, in the order mentioned. All of the Canadians other than French and over 95 per cent of the Bohemians and Moravians, English, Germans, Irish, Scotch, and Swedes report their wives in the United States.

The extent to which married males of foreign birth send for wives after designated periods of residence in this country is exhibited by the following table, which shows by race of husband and by years husband has been in the United States the per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad. TABLE 178.- Per cent of foreign-born husbands who report wife abroad, by race of husband

and by years husband has been in the United States.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States.)

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From the above table it appears that the proportion of husbands who have been in the United States under five years who report wives abroad is largest for the Russians. The Lithuanians have the largest proportion of husbands in the United States from five to nine years or ten years or over, who report wives abroad.

VISITS ABROAD.

The table next presented indicates the transitory qualities that exist among the immigrant employees. It shows by years in the United States and race of individual visits abroad made by foreignborn male employees. TABLE 179.- Visits abroad made by foreign-born male employees, by years in the United

States and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only races with 100 or more males reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.]

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7.8

Of the individuals in this locality for whom information was secured who have been in the United States ten years or over 11 per cent have made one or more visits abroad, as against 8.1 per cent of those who have been here from five to nine years, and only 4.1 per cent of those who have been here under five years. The proportion of individuals in the United States under five years who have made one or more visits abroad is largest for the Slovaks and smallest for the Swedes, who report no visits. The English have the largest and the Lithuanians the smallest proportion of individuals who have been here from five to nine years who have made visits abroad, and the English have the largest and the Bohemians and Moravians the smallest proportion of individuals who have been here ten years or over who have made visits abroad.

AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR HOUSE

HOLDS.

The following table shows, by sex and general nativity and race of head of household, the per cent of persons in the households studied who were within each specified age group: Table 180.—Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and general nativity and

race of head of household.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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Foreign-born:

Bohemian and Moravian.
English..
German
Irish.
Italian, North,
Polish.
Slovak.
Swedish.

Grand total......
Total native-born of foreign father.
Total native-born..
Total foreign-born..

19.0

9.1 14.7 9.8 8.1 25.9 40.3 12.3

21.8
16. 4
24.0
19.6
18.9
12.1
11.3
23.1

3.6 3.6 6.7 2.0 8.1 1.7 1.6 4.6

8.7 12.7 10.7 5.9

.0 8.6 1.6 9.2

19.8 20.0

9.3 23.5 21.6 29.3 27.4 13.8

21.0
23.6
24.0
15.7
40.5
12.1
16. 1
23.1

6.0 14.5 10.7 23.5

2.7 10.3

1.6 13.8

65

770

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40.6 36.2 18.4

9.4 6.4 19.6

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3.6

3.1
4.3
7.3

34. 4
31.9
20.9

9.4
14.9
21.6

3.1 6. 4 8.6

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