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The following table shows by sex, age at time of coming to the United States, and race the per cent of foreign-born employees of non-English-speaking races who were able to speak English:

TABLE 124.—Per cent of foreign-born employees who speak English, by sex, age at time

of coming to the United States, and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only non-English-speaking races with 200 or more persons reporting. The total, how

ever, is for all non-English-speaking races.)

MALE.

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Bohemian and Moravian.
Croatian.
German.
Greek..
Lithuanian.
Magyar..
Polish.
Roumanian
Russian.
Servian.
Slovak
Slovenian
Swedish.

Total....

1,743 1,591 3, 299

389 2,840

467 6, 961

432 989

300
1, 196

395
520

57.2 51.1 82.2 41.5 40.3 36. 3 36.8 22. 2 36.4 26.3 40.9 45.7 96. 2

63.7 52.1 86.0 41.6 41.4 37.5 39.8 22.2 37.2 26.3 41.9 47.3 96.7

86.7

80.0 100.0 100.0

23, 250

95.0

48.4

52.1

a Not computed, owing to small number involved. 48296°—VOL 13–11-13

It appears from the preceding table that 96.1 per cent of the males and 88.5 per cent of the female employees who came to the United States when under 14 years of age can speak English, as compared with 50.7 per cent of the males and only 16.2 per cent of the females who came here when 14 or over. In the case of each of the races for which the percentages are given, a considerably larger proportion of employees, both male and female, who came to this country when under 14 years of age than of those who came here when 14 or over, are able to speak English.

The following table shows by sex, years in the United States, and race the proportion of foreign-born employees of non-English-speaking races who were able to speak English.

Table 125.—Per cent of foreign-born employees who speak English, by sex, years in the

United States, and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes

only non-English-speaking races with 200 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all nonEnglish-speaking races.)

MALE.

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TABLE 125.—Per cent of foreign-born employees who speak English, by sex, years in the

United States, and race-Continued.

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The above table shows that there is, in general, an increase in the proportion of employees, both males and females, who speak English, with length of residence in the United States. In the case of every race for which the percentages are given, a considerably larger proportion of males who have been in this country from five to nine years than of the males who have been here under five years are able to speak English, and in the case of every race except the Magyars a larger proportion of males who have been here ten years or over than of males who have been here from five to nine years are able to speak English. This increase in the proportion of males who speak English is particularly noticeable among the Greeks and Slovenians. A tendency similar to that shown by the percentages for the males is shown by the percentages for the females. The proportion of female employees who speak English is larger, in the case of every race for which the percentages have been completed, for females who have been in the United States from five to nine years than for females who have been here under five years, and larger, in the case of every race except the Croatians, for females who have been here ten years or over than for females who have been here from five to nine years.

PART II.-SLAUGHTERING AND MEAT PACKING IN CHICAGO.

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