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ACT OF MAY 19, 1828.

277.

4 Stat. L, CHAP. LXVII.-An act to continue the Mint at the City of Philadelphia, and for other purposes.

3, 1801, ch. 21.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress asAct of Mar sembled, That the act, entitled "An act concerning the Mint," approved March the third, one thousand eight hundred and one, be, and the same hereby is, revived and continued in force and operation, until otherwise provided by law.

For purpose of securing a

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That, for the purdue conformity, pose of securing a due conformity in weight of the coins weight pro- of the United States, to the provisions of the ninth sec

the brass troy

1827

standard troy
pound.
1792, ch. 16.

shall be the tion of the act, passed the second of April, one thousand
seven hundred and ninety-two, entitled "An act estab-
lishing a Mint, and regulating the coins of the United
States," the brass troy pound weight procured by the
minister of the United States at London, in the year one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven, for the use of
the Mint, and now in the custody of the Director thereof,
shall be the standard troy pound of the Mint of the
United States, conformably to which the coinage thereof
shall be regulated.

A series of weights corre

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the sponding to the duty of the Director of the Mint to procure, and safely

aforesaid troy

pound weight, to keep a series of standard weights, corresponding to the

to be

aforesaid troy pound, consisting of an one pound weight,
and the requisite subdivisions and multiples thereof, from
the hundredth part of a grain to twenty-five pounds; and

at the troy weights ordinarily employed in the transac-
tions of the Mint, shall be regulated according to the
above standards, at least once in every year, under his
inspection; and their accuracy tested annually in the
presence of the assay commissioners, on the day of the
annual assay.

When silver bullion is found

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That, when silver

to require the bullion, brought to the Mint for coinage, is found to

operation of
the test.

require the operation of the test, the expense of the
materials employed in the process, together with a reason-
able allowance for the wastage necessarily arising there-
from, to be determined by the melter and refiner of the
Mint, with the approbation of the Director, shall be re-
tained from such deposit, and accounted for by the treas-
urer of the Mint to the Treasury of the United States.

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found to con

tion of

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That, when silver, Silver bullion bullion, brought to the Mint for coinage, shall be found tain a proporto contain a proportion of gold, the separation thereof shall be effected at the expense of the party interested therein: Provided, nevertheless, That, when the proportion of gold is such that it cannot be separated advantageously, it shall be lawful, with the consent of the owner, or, in his absence, at the discretion of the Director, to coin the same as an ordinary deposit, of silver.

SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That the Director of the Mint may employ the requisite number of clerks, at a compensation not exceeding in the whole the sum of of clerks. seventeen hundred dollars, and such number of workmen and assistants as the business of the Mint shall, from time to time, require.

bullion not in

tended for coin

SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the Director of the Mint to receive, and cause to be assayed, bullion not intended for coinage, and to cause certificates to be given of the fineness thereof by such offi- age, etc. cer as he shall designate for that purpose, at such rates of 18, 1837, ch. 3, charge, to be paid by the owner of said bullion, and under such regulations, as the said Director may, from time to time, establish.

Act of Jan.

sec.

Approved, May 19, 1828.

ACT OF JUNE 27, 1834.

CHAP. XCII.-An act making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic expenses of government for the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-four.

*

*

Proviso.

Approved, June 27, 1834.

(Similar provisions are contained in the appropriation acts of March 3, 1835, chap. 30, sec. 4, 4 Stat. L., 771;

Director of employ the req

the Mint may

number

Director of

the Mint to re

ceive and cause

to be assayed

4 Stat. L.,

in

ment.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That no payment of Payments not the money, appropriated by this act, or any other act bank notes be 10 w par at passed at the present session of Congress, shall be made place of payin the note or notes of any bank which shall not be at par value at the place where such payment may be made, provided that nothing herein contained shall be construed to make any thing but gold and silver a tender in payment, of any debt due from the United States to individuals.

689.

April 14, 1836, chap. 52 (limiting amount, etc.), 5 Stat.
L., 9.)

ACT OF JUNE 28, 1834.

699.

4 Stat. L., CHAP. XCV.-An act concerning the gold coins of the United States, and for other purposes.

Proviso.

weight of coins.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress asStandard and sembled, That the gold coins of the United States shall contain the following quantities of metal, that is to say: each eagle shall contain two hundred and thirty-two grains of pure gold, and two hundred and fifty-eight grains of standard gold; each half eagle one hundred and sixteen grains of pure gold, and one hundred and twentynine grains of standard gold; each quarter eagle shall contain fifty-eight grains of pure gold, and sixty-four and a half grains of standard gold; every such eagle shall be of the value of ten dollars; every such half eagle shall be of the value of five dollars; and every such quarter eagle shall be of the value of two dollars and fifty cents; and the said gold coins shall be receivable in all payments, when of full weight, according to their respective values; and when of less than full weight, at less values, proportioned to their respective actual weights.

Gold and silver deposited

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That all standard for coinage to gold or silver deposited for coinage after the thirty-first

be paid for

within five of July next, shall be paid for in coin under the direc

days.

tion of the Secretary of the Treasury, within five days from the making of such deposit, deducting from the amount of said deposit of gold and silver one-half of one per centum: Provided, That no deduction shall be made unless said advance be required by such depositor within forty days.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That all gold coins of be receivable. the United States, minted anterior to the thirty-first day

Rate at which gold coin shall

of July next, shall be receivable in all payments at the rate of ninety-four and eight-tenths of a cent per pennyweight.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the better to secure a conformity of the said gold coins to their respective standards as aforesaid, from every separate mass of standard gold which shall be made into coins at the said Mint, there shall be taken, set apart by the Treasurer and reserved in his custody, a certain number of pieces,

Gold coins to be set apart for assay.

not less than three, and that once in every year the pieces
so set apart and reserved shall be assayed under the in-
spection of the officers, and at the time, and in the man-
ner now provided by law, and, if it shall be found that
the gold so assayed, shall not be inferior to the said
standard hereinbefore declared, more than one part in
three hundred and eighty-four in fineness, and one part in
five hundred in weight, the officer or officers of the said
Mint whom it may concern, shall be held excusable; but
if any greater inferiority shall appear, it shall be certi-
fied to the President of the United States, and if he shall
so decide, the said officer or officers shall be thereafter
disqualified to hold their respective offices: Provided, That Proviso.
if, in making any delivery of coin at the Mint in pay-
ment of a deposit, the weight thereof shall be found de-
fective, the officer concerned shall be responsible to
the owner for the full weight, if claimed at the time of
delivery.

force after July

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be, Act to be in in force from and after the thirty-first day of July, in the 31, 1834. year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-four.

Approved, June 28, 1834.

ACT OF JUNE 28, 1834.

CHAP. XCVI.-An act regulating the value of certain 4 Stat. L., 700 foreign gold coins within the United States.

1834, ch. 71.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatires of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That, from and after the thirty-first day of July Act of June 25, next, the following gold coins shall pass as current as Rates at which gold money within the United States, and be receivable in all coins shall be receivable after payments, by weight, for the payment of all debts and July 31, 1834. demands, at the rates following, that is to say: the gold coins of Great Britain, Portugal, and Brazil, of not less Coins of Great than twenty-two carats fine, at the rate of ninety-four gal, and Brazil. cents and eight-tenths of a cent per pennyweight; the

Britain, Portu

gold coins of France nine-tenths fine, at the rate of France. ninety-three cents and one-tenth of a cent per pennyweight; and the gold coins of Spain, Mexico, and Co- Spain, Mexico lombia, of the fineness of twenty carats three grains and seven-sixteenths of a grain, at the rate of eighty-nine cents and nine-tenths of a cent per pennyweight.

Colombia.

Annual assays to be made.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Secretary of the Treasury to cause assays of the aforesaid gold coins, made current by this act, to be had at the Mint of the United States, at least once in every year, and to make a report of the result thereof to Congress.

Approved, June 28, 1834.

ACT OF MARCH 3, 1835.

4 Stat. L., 774. CHAP. XXXIX.—in act to establish branches of the Mint of the United States.

Dahlohnega.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa tives of the United States of America, in Congress assem

Branches ofbled, That branches of the Mint of the United States

the Mint to be

New Orleans;

Charlotte;

established at shall be established as follows: one branch at the city of New Orleans for the coinage of gold and silver; one branch at the town of Charlotte, in Mecklinburg County, in the State of North Carolina, for the coinage of gold only; and one branch at or near Dahlohnega, in Lumpkin County, in the State of Georgia, also for the coinage of Appropriation gold only. And for the purpose of purchasing sites, erecting suitable buildings, and completing the necessary combinations of machinery for the several branches aforesaid, the following sums, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, shall be, and hereby are, appropriated: for the branch at New Orleans, the sum of two hundred thousand dollars; for the branch at Charlotte, fifty thousand dollars; for the branch at Dahlohnega, fifty thousand dollars.

sites, etc.

Officers to be SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That, so soon as the

appointed when

the buildings necessary buildings are erected for the purpose of well con

are erected.

ducting the business of each of the said branches, the following officers shall be appointed upon the nomination of the President, and with the advice and consent of the Senate: one superintendent, one treasurer, one assayer, one chief coiner, one melter, and one refiner. And the superintendent of each mint shall engage and employ as many clerks and as many subordinate workmen and servants as shall be provided for by law;

(The second paragraph fixes the salaries of the officers and clerks and appropriates the necessary amounts to pay the same. Resolution No. 5, of March 3, 1851, authorizes

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