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judge expedient; and to do and perform all other duties belonging to the office of a melter and refiner or which shall be ordered by the Director of the Mint.

(Section 2 provides that the melter and refiner shall take oath of office and give bond.

(Section 3 provides salary for said melter and refiner. (Section 4 authorizes the temporary employment of a melter and refiner.)

Treasurer of

the Mint to re

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer of tain part of the Mint shall, and he is hereby directed, to retain two

bullion deposited, etc.

cents per ounce from every deposit of silver bullion below the standard of the United States, which hereafter shall be made for the purpose of refining and coining; and four cents per ounce from every deposit of gold bullion made. as aforesaid, below the standard of the United States, unless the same shall be so far below the standard as to require the operation of the test, in which case, the treasurer shall retain six cents per ounce, which sum so retained shall be accounted for by the said treasurer with the Treasury of the United States as a compensation for melting and refining the same.

SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That the treasurer of not be obliged the Mint shall not be obliged to receive from any person,

Treasurer of the shall

to receive cer

tain deposits of for the purpose of refining and coining, any deposit of

bullion.

silver bullion, below the standard of the United States, in

a smaller quantity than two hundred ounces; nor a like deposit of gold bullion below the said standard, in a smaller quantity than twenty ounces.

Officers of the Mint may give

SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That from and after a preference to the passing of this act, it shall and may be lawful for the standard of the officers of the Mint to give a preference to silver or gold

sec. 15.

179, ch. 16, bullion, deposited for coinage, which shall be of the standard of the United States, so far as respects the coining of the same, although bullion below the standard, and not yet refined, may have been deposited for coinage, previous thereto, any law to the contrary notwithstanding: Provided, That nothing herein shall justify the officers of the Mint, or any one of them, in unnecessarily delaying the refining any silver or gold bullion below the standard, that may be deposited, as aforesaid.

SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the President of weight of cop- the United States be, and he is hereby authorized, when

President may reduce the

per coin.

ever he shall think it for the benefit of the United States, to reduce the weight of the copper coin of the United

States: Provided, Such reduction shall not, in the whole, exceed two pennyweights in each cent, and in the like proportion in a half cent; of which he shall give notice by proclamation, and communicate the same to the then next session of Congress.

SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Treasurer of the United States, from time to time, as often as he shall receive copper cents and half cents from the treasurer of the Mint, to send them to the bank or branch banks of the United States, in each of the States where such bank is established; and where there is no bank established, then to the collector of the principal town in such State (in the proportion of the number of inhabitants of such State) to be by such bank or collector, paid out to the citizens of the State for cash, in sums not less than ten dollars value; and that the same be done at the risk and expense of the United States, under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the Department of the Treasury. Approved, March 3, 1795.

ACT OF MAY 27, 1796.

CHAP. XXXIII.-An act respecting the mint.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there shall be appropriated for the purchase of copper for the further coinage of cents and half cents, a sum equal to the amount of the cents and 34 half cents which shall have been coined at the mint, and for delivered to the treasurer of the United States, subsequent to the first day of January, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-six, which sum shall be payable out of any monies in the treasury not otherwise appropriated. SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passing of this act, there shall be retained from every deposit in the mint, of gold or silver bullion below the standard of the United States, such sum as shall be equivalent to the expense incurred in refining the same, and an accurate account of such expense on every deposit shall be kept, and of the sums retained on account of the same, which shall be accounted for by the treasurer of the mint, to the treasurer of the United States.

Mode of dis

tribution of

cents and half

cents.

1 Stat. L., 475. [Expired.]

14, ch. 2.

Act of Jan.
Act of Apr.

24, 1800, ch.

Appropriation the purchase of copper.

Part of gold

and silver bul

lon to be re

tained.

Limitation.

July 22, 1797.

1793, ch. 5.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue in force for the term of two years from the passing thereof, and from thence until the end of the next session of Congress thereafter holden, and no longer. Approved, May 27, 1796.

[No. 6.] Respecting Coinage and Tender.

BY JOHN ADAMS, THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF
AMERICA.

A PROCLAMATION.

Whereas an act of the Congress of the United States was passed on the ninth day of February, 1793, intituled “An act regulating foreign coins and for other purposes," in which it was enacted "that foreign gold and silver coins, shall pass current as money within the United Vol. 1, p. 300. States, and be a legal tender for the payment of all debts and demands" at the several and respective rates therein stated: and that "at the expiration of three years, next

ensuing the time when the coinage of gold and silver

1792, ch. 16. agreeably to the act intituled "An act establishing a Mint and regulating the coins of the United States," shall commence at the Mint of the United States, (which time shall Vol.1, p. 246. be announced by the Proclamation of the President of the United States,) all foreign gold coins, and all foreign silver coins, except Spanish milled dollars, and parts of such dollars, shall cease to be a legal tender as aforesaid.

Now therefore, I, the said John Adams, President of to have com- the United States, hereby proclaim, announce, and give

Coinage of silver declared

menced Oct. 15,

1794, and the notice to all whom it may concern, that agreeably to the

coinage of gold July 1, 1795.

act last above mentioned, the coinage of silver at the Mint of the United States, commenced on the fifteenth day of October, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, and the coinage of gold on the thirty-first day of July, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five: and that, consequently, in conformity to the act first above mentioned, all foreign silver coins, except Spanish milled dollars and parts of such dollars, will cease to pass curForeign coins rent as money within the United States and to be a legal

not to be a ten

der after those tender for the payment of any debts or demands after the

dates.

fifteenth day of October next, and all foreign gold coins will cease to pass current as money within the United States and to be a legal tender as aforesaid for the pay

ment of any debts or demands after the thirty-first day of July, which will be in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight.

In testimony whereof, I have caused the Seal of the United States to be affixed to these presents, and signed the same with my hand. Done at Philadelphia, the twenty-second day of July, in the year of our Lord, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, and of the independence of the United States the twenty-second. [L. S.] JOHN ADAMS.

By the President:

TIMOTHY PICKERING,

Secretary of State.

ACT OF FEBRUARY 1, 1798.

539.

CHAP. XI.-An act supplementary to the act intituled 51 Stat. L., "An act regulating foreign coins, and for other pur- Obsolete.] poses."

Act of Feb. 5.

9, 1793, sus1802, ch. 38.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the second section of an act, intituled "An 9, 1793, ch. 6. act regulating foreign coins, and for other purposes," be, Act of Feb. and the same is hereby suspended, for and during the pended space of three years from and after the first day of January, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, and until the end of the next session of Congress thereafter, during which time the said gold and silver coins shall be and continue a legal tender, as is provided in and by the first section of the act aforesaid; and that the same coins shall thereafter cease to be such tender.

Approved, February 1, 1798.

ACT OF APRIL 24, 1800.

CHAP. XXXIV.-An act respecting the Mint.

SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That a sum equal to the amount of the Appropriation cents and half cents, which shall have been coined at the chase of copper. Mint, and delivered to the Treasurer of the United States, 1792, ch. 39. subsequent to the third day of March, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-nine, shall be, and

purAct of May 8,

2 Stat. L., 53.

the same is hereby appropriated for the purchase of copper for the further coinage of cents and half cents; and that a sum equal to the amount of cents and half cents, which shall be hereafter coined at the Mint, and delivered to the Treasurer of the United States in any one year, shall be, and the same is hereby appropriated for the annual purchase of copper for the coinage of cents and half cents, which sums shall be payable out of any monies in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated.

Part of bul

lion deposited,

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be to be retained retained from every deposit in the Mint, of gold or silver

for the expense
of refining.
Vol. 1, 440.

bullion below the standard of the United States, such sum
as shall be equivalent to the expense incurred in refining
the same, and an accurate account of such expense on
every such deposit shall be kept, and of the sums retained
on account of the same, which shall be accounted for by
the treasurer of the Mint, with the Treasury of the United
States.

Approved, April 24, 1800.

ACT OF MAY 14, 1800.

[Obsolete.]

2 Stat. L., 86. CHAP. LXX.—An act supplementary to the act establishing the mint, and regulating the coins of the United States.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assem

Act of Mar. bled, That until the fourth day of March one thousand

3, 1801, ch. 21.

The mint to eight hundred and one, the mint shall remain in the city

remain in

Philadelphia. of Philadelphia, and be carried on as heretofore under

the laws now in force; any law to the contrary nothwithstanding.

Approved, May 14, 1800.

2 Stat. L., 111.

ACT OF MARCH 3, 1801.

CHAP. XXI.—An act concerning the Mint.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assem To remain at bled, That the Mint shall remain in the city of Phila

Philadelphia.

delphia, until the fourth day of March, in the year one thousand eight hundred and three.

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