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SPECIAL STUDY GROUP ON TRANSPORTATION
POLICIES IN THE UNITED STATES

(Pursuant to S. Res. 29, 151, and 244 of the 86th Congress)

71512

JUNE 26, 1961.-Ordered to be printed

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON: 1961

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington 25, D.C.- Price $2.00 (paper cover)

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(For complete listing of the study group staff, the advisory council, and the ad hoc committees, see apps. B, C, and D, p. 729 and following.)

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Chairman, Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce,
U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C.

MY DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: Transmitted herewith is the draft report of our national transportation policy study, prepared for submission to the Senate pursuant to Senate Resolutions 29, 151, and 244 of the 86th Congress. It is submitted in draft so that the Advisory Council may have an opportunity for comment on the complete report prior to adoption by the committee, as we discussed prior to adjournment. Early analysis of our problem indicated that most of the complaints about transportation deal with symptoms rather than basic causes. We have tried to identify these fundamentals and recommend concerning them. We are convinced that no lasting cure will result unless the cracks in the foundation are mended. These fundamentals are: lack of adequate information; lack of continuing research; lack of a program approach; and organization in the Government and in the law which impedes, rather than assists, coordination of promotion and regulation. Additionally, complete redirection of transportation pricing philosophy is indicated.

You, more than most, will recognize the highly controversial nature of most of the subjects we have tackled. You also know that most of them interlock to a degree that should forbid tinkering in isolated areas and which requires a broad program approach. For these reasons, and because we believe the committee will desire to hold hearings prior to committing itself to our conclusions, we recommend the report be printed as a staff document rather than a committee report. This procedure will make possible general consideration of our program and, it is hoped, give the committee the benefit of a wider reaction.

The controversial nature of the subjects has been evident throughout the study. It was early apparent that we would get nowhere by trying to follow a line of "equal handouts." We have carefully considered the opposing positions on controversial questions, as submitted by the Advisory Council and others. We have, in several particularly difficult areas, met repeatedly with ad hoc committees representing all sides. We have supplemented this information with independent research. In all cases we have tried to identify the national public interest in each question and base our recommendations thereon regardless of which side of the argument is favored.

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