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TABLE 58.-Visits abroad made by foreign-born employees, by sex and race-Continued.

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The table next presented shows, by sex and general nativity and race of head of household, the percentage of persons in the households studied who are within each specified age group.

TABLE 59.- Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and by general nativity

and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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Of 1,105 persons reporting complete data, the greatest proportion are from 30 to 44 and 20 to 29 years of age; 16.1 per cent are under 6 years of age, and 16 per cent are from 6 to 13, while the proportion 14 and 15 and from 16 to 19 years of age is small. Foreign-born persons report a higher percentage of their number in each age group, except those showing individuals of from 30 to 44 years of age and 45

years

of age or over; in these two groups persons

native-born of native father report a considerably higher percentage of persons than foreign-born. Slovaks show the highest percentage of persons under 6 years of age and Irish the highest percentage of those from 6 to 13. In the groups showing persons from 20 to 29 years of age and from 30 to 44 years—the age of greatest efficiencySlovaks and Hebrews show the greatest proportion in the first-named group and English and French the highest percentage of persons in the group last mentioned. Germans and French show a much higher percentage of persons who are 45 years of age or over than do the other races, Hebrews and Slovaks showing very small proportions of persons of this age.

Males and females report about the same proportion of persons in each age group. The percentages of foreign-born females who are under 6, from 6 to 13, 14 and 15, and from 16 to 19 years of age are considerably higher than those of native-born of native father. Females who are native-born of native father show a slightly higher percentage in the group from 20 to 29 years of age than foreignborn and a very much higher percentage who are from 30 to 44 years of age and 45 years of age or over than foreign-born. Foreign-born males show a higher percentage of their number who are under 30 years of age than those who are native-born of native father. In the group from 30 to 44 years of age the proportion of native-born of native father is considerably higher than the proportion of foreignborn; native-born of native father also show a higher percentage of males who are 45 years of age or over than foreign-born.

AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR

HOUSEHOLDS.

The age characteristics of the employees of the glove-manufacturing industry may be seen from the table next presented. This table shows, by sex and general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of employees within each specified age group.

TABLE 60.- Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity

and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

MALE.

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Native-born of native father, White.
Foreign-born, by race, English....

Grand total..
Total native-born of foreign father.
Total native-born..
Total foreign-born..

11.7

8.4

21.1 13.0

63 211 213

.0
.0
.0

27.0
20.7
6.1

12.7
14.1
16.0

12.7
14.1
20. 2

15.9
11. 2
12. 2

20.6
19.5
23.0

9.5
13.3
12.7

1.6 7.1 9.9

TABLE 60.- Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general rativity

and race-Continued.

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The preceding table shows that 14.3 per cent of the employees reporting are from 14 to 19 years of age, 17.4 per cent are from 20 to 24, 16.1 per cent are from 25 to 29, 11.6 per cent are from 30 to 34, 20.4 per cent are from 35 to 44, 12.4 per cent are from 45 to 54, and 7.8 per cent are 55 years of age or over. Employees who were native-born of foreign father show considerably larger proportions who were from 14 to 19 than do the native whites born of native father or the foreign-born. The native whites born of native father show the highest percentage who were from 20 to 24, followed closely by the foreign-born. The foreign-born show the highest percentage of employees from 25 to 29, the native whites born of native father and the native-born of foreign father following. In the group showing employees from 30 to 34 and from 35 to 44, the foreignborn show the highest percentage, followed by native-born of foreign father. Of employees from 45 to 54 years of age, the native whites born of native father show the highest per cent, followed by nativeborn of foreign father and foreign-born. In the group of employees who are 55 years of age or over the native whites born of native father show the greatest proportion, followed by the foreign-born. The females show a higher percentage of persons from 14 to 19 and from 20 to 24 years of age than do the males, but the latter show a larger proportion who are 25 years of age or over.

CHAPTER VII.

GENERAL PROGRESS AND ASSIMILATION,

Ownership of homes-Status of children in the households studied-Citizenship

Ability to speak English–[Text Tables 61 to 70 and General Tables 45 to 51).

OWNERSHIP OF HOMES.

The accumulation of property is not only indicative of thrift on the part of the owner, but if the owner is a person of foreign birth it also exhibits a tendency toward permanent settlement in the United States. In this connection the following table is submitted, which shows, by general nativity and race of head of family, the number and percentage of families owning homes:

TABLE 61.-Number and per cent of families owning home, by general nativity and race

of head of family.

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Of a total of 269 families studied in the above table, 31.6 per cent own their homes. The foreign-born show a very slightly smaller proportion than the native-born. Of the several foreign-born races, the English, French, German, and Irish show somewhat larger proportions than the Hebrew, South Italian, and Slovak.

STATUS OF CHILDREN IN THE HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

The table next submitted is instructive as indicating the tendency on the part of the children in the families of employees of the glovemanufacturing industry to attend school or to go to work when the working age is reached. The table shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of children 6 and under 16 years of age, in the households studied, who were at home, at school, and at work.

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