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GLOVE MANUFACTURING.

CONTENTS.

Page.

777 777 777 778 779 781

783

785 787

789 792 793 793 795 797 797 799 800

CHAPTER 1.-Introduction:

Growth of the industry......
Increase in the number of employees.
Territory studied....
Households studied...
Members of households for whom detailed information was secured.

Employees for whom information was secured.
CHAPTER 11.-Racial displacements:

History of immigration....
Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born employees and mem-

bers of their households.....

Racial classification of employees at the present time..
CHAPTER III.-Economic status:

Industrial condition abroad of members of immigrant households studied..
General occupation of males at the present time in the households studied.
General occupation of females at the present time in the households studied.
Weekly earnings..
Annual earnings of male heads of families studied..
Annual earnings of males 18 years of age or over in the households studied..
Annual earnings of females 18 years of age or over in the households studied.
Annual family income..
Wives at work....
Relation between the earnings of husbands and the practice of wives of

keeping boarders or lodgers Sources of family income.

Relative importance of the different sources of family income. CHAPTER IV.-Working conditions:

Regularity of employment..

The immigrant and organized labor..
CHAPTER V.-Housing and living conditions:

Rent in its relation to standard of living..
Boarders and lodgers....
Size of apartments occupied..
Size of households studied.

Congestion...
CHAPTER VI.-Salient characteristics:

Literacy..
Conjugal condition.
Visits abroad..

Age classification of employees and members of their households.
CHAPTER VII.-General progress and assimilation:

Ownership of homes.
Status of children in the households studied.
Citizenship.....
Ability to speak English.

800 802 803

805 806

807 810 811 812 813

817 820 824 827

829 829 831 832

General tables.......

General explanation of tables
List of text tables...
List of general tables..

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THE GLOVE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION.

Growth of the industry-Increase in the number of employees—Territory studied

Households studied-Members of households for whom detailed information was secured-Employees for whom information was secured—[Text Tables 1 to 7 and General Tables 1 to 3).

GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY.

The growth in the glove-manufacturing industry in the country as a whole and in the State of New York during the period 1880–1905 is shown in a summary form in the table below. It is at once evident from a glance at the table that the industry is principally confined to the State of New York, about three-fifths of the total amount of capital invested being employed in that State. The expansion of the industry in all geographical divisions is also exhibited by the fact that only $3,379,648 were invested in 1880, as compared with a capital commitment of $10,705,599 in the year 1905. The detailed table follows:

Table 1.--Growth of the glove-manufacturing industry in New York State and in the

United States, 1880–1905.a

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a The figures reported for 1900 represent leather gloves and mittens only, and therefore do not agree with the totals for gloves and mittens in the General Report on Manufactures, Parts I and II. The statisties for censuses prior to 1900 are for gloves or mittens, whether of leather or other material, except fur and knit gloves or mittens.

INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES.

The extent of the employment offered by the glove industry is the most significant feature in connection with the industry in its bearing upon racial changes in the operating forces. In the table below it is seen that the number of employees rapidly increased both in the country as a whole and in New York during the twenty years, 18801900, but underwent a considerable decrease after the year 1900:

TABLE 2.- Increase in the number of employees of the glove-manufacturing industry in

New York State and the United States, a

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a The figures reported for 1900 represent leather gloves and mittens only, and therefore do not agree with the totals for gloves and mitiens in the General Report on Manufactures, Parts I and II. The statistics for censuses prior to 1900 are for gloves or mittens, whether of leather or other material, except fur and knit gloves or mittens.

TERRITORY STUDIED.

The study of the industry was limited to New York, all the information for employees and households being secured in that State. These data are combined in the tabulations for the present report.

HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

A total of 262 households, the heads of which were employed in the manufacture of gloves, were studied in detail. In the following table the number and percentage of households studied are presented, according to general nativity and race of head of household: Table 3.-Households studied, by general nativity and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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Of the total number of the 262 households studied in this industry 88.5 per cent are foreign-born and 11.5 are native-born. Of the 232 foreign-born households the French, South Italians, Hebrews, Irish, Germans, English, and Slovaks range from 16.4 to 9.5 per cent in the order named.

MEMBERS OF HOUSEHOLDS FOR WHOM DETAILED INFORMATION WAS

SECURED.

The table which follows shows, by general nativity and race of head of household, the persons in the households studied and the persons for whom detailed information was secured: TABLE 4.- Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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Of a total of 1,107 persons in the 262 households studied in the above table 90.7 per cent are foreign-born and 9.3 per cent nativeborn. Of the foreign-born the largest proportion, or 18.2 per cent, are South Italians, while the smallest proportion, or 9.2 per cent, are Slovaks. With regard to those for whom detailed information was secured it is seen that the proportions remain practically the

The table next presented sets forth, by general nativity and race of head of household, the sex of persons in the households studied for whom detailed information was secured.

same.

TABLE 5.—Sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity

and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

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Total native-born.
Total foreign-born.

54 497

49 505

103 1,002

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