Lapas attēli
PDF
ePub

TABLE 212.-Source of family income in detail, by general nativity and race of head of

family.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table Includes only races with 20 or more families reporting. The totals, however, are for all races. Two families are excluded which report income as "none."]

[blocks in formation]

Total native-born.
Total foreign-born.

19 (b) (b) (0) (0)
20131.3 8. 5 13. 4 .0

(0) (0) (0)

(0) (0)

24.4

.0 1.5

.0 3.0

(0) (0) (b) 1.0 .0

16.9

a For selection of families, see p. 525.
Not computed, owing to small number involved.

In this locality, of the families for which information was secured, 31.8 per cent derive their entire income from the husband, 22.3 per cent from the husband and boarders or lodgers, 14.5 per cent from the husband and children, 17.3 per cent from sources or combinations of sources not specified, and only a small proportion from husband and wife, from wife and children, from children alone, from children and boarders or lodgers. The proportion of families deriving the entire income from the husband alone is largest for the South Italians, French Canadians, and Hebrews, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the Poles, and the proportion deriving the entire income from husband and boarders or lodgers is largest for the Lithuanians and Poles, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the French Canadians. The French Canadians and Hebrews have the largest and Poles the smallest proportion of families deriving the entire income from the husband and children, the Lithuanians showing no income from this source, while the Poles and the Hebrews have the largest and the South Italians the smallest proportion receiving the entire income from sources or combinations of sources not specified.

RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF DIFFERENT SOURCES OF FAMILY INCOME.

In the table next submitted the relative importance of the different sources of family income is indicated. The table shows, by general nativity and race of head of family, the percentage of total yearly income from husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources.

TABLE 213.-Per cent of total family income within the year from husband, wife, children, boarders or lodgers, and other sources, by general nativity and race of head of family.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 20 or more families reporting. The totals, however, are for all races. Two families are excluded which report income as "none."]

[blocks in formation]

Total foreign-born..

Contributions of children.

Payments of boarders

Other

sources.

or lodgers.

52

65. 2

4.1

25.4

3.5

1.7

52.9

.0

37.1

4.6

5.5

30

86.1

.5

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

18.5

a For selection of families, see p. 525.

Not computed, owing to small number involved.

The principal source of income among the families in this locality is the earnings of husbands. A proportion of the total income is derived from the contributions of children, a smaller proportion from payments of boarders or lodgers, and only a very small proportion from the earnings of wife or from sources not specified. Under the specified headings the South Italian and Lithuanian families, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Hebrew families the smallest proportion of total income from the earnings of husband. The Hebrew families have the largest proportion of total income from the contribution of children, and the Lithuanian and Polish families have the largest proportion from payments of boarders or lodgers and from the earnings of wife.

CHAPTER XVI.

WORKING CONDITIONS.

Regularity of employment-The immigrant and organized labor-[Text Tables 214 to 216 and General Table 136].

REGULARITY OF EMPLOYMENT.

The regularity of work offered, as well as the relative industriousness of the male operatives of the several races in Community B, is set forth in the following table, which shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the months worked during the past year by males, in the households studied, who were 16 years of age or over. The term "past year" in this connection means the twelve months immediately preceding the collection of the data.

TABLE 214.-Months worked during the past year by males 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 20 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

The above table shows that of the males for whom information was secured but 28.9 per cent worked for the entire twelve months of the past year, that 58.5 per cent worked nine months or over, that 89.9 per cent worked six months or over, and that almost all worked at least three months. The proportion of individuals who worked twelve months or nine months or over, respectively, is largest in the case of the native-born of native father, second largest in the case of the native-born of foreign father, and smallest in the case of the foreign48296°- -VOL 12-11-31

471

born, while a larger proportion of the native-born of foreign father than of either the foreign-born or the native-born of native father worked six months or over. Among the foreign-born, the Hebrews, French Canadians, and Poles, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Lithuanians and South Italians the smallest proportion of individuals who worked twelve months; and the Hebrews, Armenians, and French Canadians have the largest and the North Italians and South Italians the smallest proportion of individuals who worked nine months or over, while the proportion of individuals who worked six months or over is largest for the Lithuanians, Hebrews, and French Canadians, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the Greeks and Armenians.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the months worked during the past year by females, in the households studied, who were 16 years of age or over and who were employed away from home:

TABLE 215.-Months worked during the past year by females 16 years of age or over employed away from home, by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 20 or more females reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

[blocks in formation]

Total foreign-born.

[ocr errors]

50.0

86.4

100.0

100.0

23

34.8

65.2

87.0

95.7

33.0

65.2

89.3

99.1

24

37.5

62.5

95.8

100.0

[blocks in formation]

33.3

65.4

86.4

98.8

The above table shows that of the females in this locality 16 years of age or over, for whom information was secured, the native-born of foreign father were, upon the average, employed a larger number of months during the year than were the foreign-born, and that of the latter the Hebrews were employed for a longer period than were the Poles.

THE IMMIGRANT AND ORGANIZED LABOR.

The extent to which the boot and shoe operatives are members of labor organizations may be seen in the table next presented. It shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the affiliation with trade unions of males, in the households studied, who were 21 years of age or over and who were working for wages.

TABLE 216.-Affiliation with trade unions of males 21 years of age or over who are working for wages, by general nativity and race of individual.

[blocks in formation]

a Not computed, owing to small number involved.

From the percentages of the above table it appears that the proportion of individuals who are affiliated with trade unions is considerably larger among the foreign-born than among the native-born of native father. Among the foreign-born, the French Canadians, Greeks, and Armenians, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Poles, Hebrews, and South Italians the smallest proportion of individuals affiliated with trade unions.

« iepriekšējāTurpināt »