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TABLE 175.- Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity

and race-Continued.

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It appears from the data presented in the above table that of the male employees for whom information was secured, 11.5 per cent are from 14 to 19 years of age; 18.1 per cent from 20 24; 16 per cent from 25 to 29; 14.7 per cent from 30 to 34; 23.1 per cent from 35 to 44; 11.9 per cent from 45 to 54; and only 4.7 per cent 55 years or over. The proportion of males from 14 to 24 years of age is largest for the native-born of foreign father, second in rank for the foreignborn, and smallest for the native-born of native father. The proportion of males from 20 to 29 years of age is largest for the foreignborn, second in rank for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the native-born of native father. The proportion of males from 35 to 44 years of age is largest for the native-born of native father, second in rank for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the foreign-born; and the proportion of males from 45 to 54 years of age and 55 years of age or over is largest for the native-born of native father, second in rank for the foreign-born, and smallest for the native-born of foreign father.

The proportions of females in the age groups from 14 to 19 and from 20 to 24 are considerably larger than the proportions of males in the corresponding groups, while there are considerably smaller proportions of females than of males in the groups representing employees 30 years

of

age or over. As in the case of the males, there are larger proportions of all foreign-born females than of all native females born of native father in the lower age groups and larger proportions of all native-born females of native father than of all foreign-born females in the higher age groups.

CHARITY.

The following table shows the number and percentage of persons involved in cases assisted in Community A, by general nativity and race of head of case:

Table 176.-Number and per cent of persons involved in cases assisted in Community A,

by general nativity and race of head of case.

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Of the 1,431 persons involved in cases assisted in this locality, 54.6 per cent are foreign-born, 8.4 per cent native-born of foreign father, 36.4 per cent native-born of native father, white, and 0.6 per cent native-born negroes. Of the foreign-born races the Irish shows the largest.

CHAPTER XII.

GENERAL PROGRESS AND ASSIMILATION.

Ownership of homes-School attendance_Status of children in the households

studied-Citizenship-Ability to speak English-[Text Tables 177 to 187 and General Tables 114 to 122).

OWNERSHIP OF HOMES.

Home ownership by families the heads of which were of foreign birth may be considered as a strong indication of permanent settlement, and the facts in this connection relative to the families the heads of which were employed in the shoe industry are set forth in the following table according to general nativity and race of head of family:

Table 177.— Number and per cent of families owning home, by general nativity and race

of head of family.

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Of 525 families from whom information was secured, 14.1 per cent own homes. Families the heads of which are native-born of foreign father show the highest percentage owning homes, followed by families whose heads are foreign-born and the families whose heads are native-born whites of native father. Of families whose heads are foreign-born, the Irish show over 50 per cent owning homes, the Syrians show the next largest proportion, or 20 per cent, and the English show 19.4 per cent owning homes. Families whose heads are Lithuanians, Hebrews, Poles, or French Canadians show between 10 and 11 per cent owning homes, while families the heads of which are Armenians or Greeks show between 7 and 8 per cent and families the heads of which are South Italians only 2.1 per cent who own homes.

SCHOOL ATTENDANCE.

The table next presented shows, by general nativity and race of father of pupil, the number and percentage of pupils in the schools of Community A. Table 178.-- Number and per cent of total pupils in school in Community A, by general

nativity and race of father of pupil.

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Native-born:

White.
Negro.
Indian.

Total native-born...
Foreign-born:

Armenian
Canadian, French..
Canadian, Other.
Danish
English.
French.
German.
Greek
Hebrew, German.
Hebrew, Polish.
Hebrew, Russian.
Hebrew, Other
Irish.
Italian, North
Italian, South.
Lithuanian..
Norwegian.
Polish
Scotch
Swedish.
Welsh
Other foreign.

Total foreign-born...
Grand total.

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179 1,007

15 495

27 107 16 44 46 638

36 658

71 126 36 31 42 169 359 13 62

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In this locality information was secured as to general nativity and race of father of 9,583 pupils in public and 2,959 pupils in parochial schools. The proportion of pupils of foreign parentage is 44.2 per cent in public schools and 68.4 per cent in parochial schools and the proportion of children of native whites is 54.7 per cent in public and 31.6 per cent in parochial schools. None of the children in parochial schools and only 1.1 per cent of those in public schools are of negro parentage. Of the foreign races, the Canadian other than French, Irish, Russian Hebrew, English, and Swedish have the largest representation in public schools, while in the parochial schools the Irish and French Canadian, in the order mentioned, are the principal races.

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