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PART II.-THE BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURING

INDUSTRY IN THE EAST.

323

PART II.—THE BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY IN

THE EAST.

GENERAL SURVEY.

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION.

Employees for whom information was secured-Representative boot and shoe manu

facturing communities—[Text Table 92 and General Table 54).

EMPLOYEES FOR WHOM INFORMATION WAS SECURED.

As has already been pointed out, the data secured for employees has been used as a basis for the statistical survey of the industry in the East. The data secured from the households

investigated appear in the studies of representative communities designated as A and B. The following table shows by sex the number and percentage of employees of each race for whom information was secured in the East: TABLE 92.Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity

and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

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Native-born of native father:
White..

3, 240

1, 861 Negro..

12

5 Native-born of foreign father, by country of birth of father: Austria-Hungary.

22

3 Canada...

368

225 Denmark.

2

3 England.

134

100 France.

14

10 Germany.

175

100 Greece Ireland.

716

543 Italy

61

15 Netherlands.

1 Norway. Portugal

1 Roumania. Russia.

12 Scotland.

29
Sweden.
Switzerland.

Wales...
Foreign-born, by race:
Albanian..

8 Armenian

129 Bohemian and Moravian.

54
a Less than 0.05 per cent.

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Table 92.--Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity

and

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Foreign-born, by race-Continued.

Canadian, French.
Canadian, Other..
Croatian
Cuban.
Danish.
Dutch
English.
Finnish
French.
German.
Greek..
Hebrew, Russian.
Hebrew, Other..
Irish.
Italian, North.
Italian, South.
Lithuanian.
Macedonian.
Magyar.
Norwegian.
Polish.
Portuguese.
Roumanian
Russian..
Ruthenian
Scotch
Scotch-Irish.
Slovak
Slovenian
Swedish..
Syrian.
Turkish.
Welsh..
Australian (race not specified).
Austrian, (race not specified).
Swiss (race not specified)..

Grand total....
Native-born of foreign father
Native-born...
Foreign-born.

1 20

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7 122 249 533

47 304 330 646 147

3 19

8 163

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4 110

5 44

1 387

3 91 12 4 2 1 11 3

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In addition to the statistical survey of the industry in the East, two community studies are added to this geographical division of the report. These communities are primarily engaged in the manufacture of boots and shoes, and immigrants of both recent and past years have been extensively employed in their factories. These community studies, as in the case of other industries, are presented for the following reasons: First, to secure a verification of the tendencies exhibited by the more extended tabulations; second, to present material not included in the statistical tables but bearing directly upon American life and institutions, and third, to attempt to reach more definite conclusions as to the economic effects of immigration.

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