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Table 76.— Visits abroad made by foreign-born employees, by sex, years in the United States, and racee-Continued.

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Total.

1,513

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42

371

432

63.2

64.3

65.2

65.0

238

290

57.9

66.7

72.3

70.7

184

238

3.6

3.8

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21.8

Of a total of 4,115 foreign-born individuals in the shoe industry, 21.8 per cent have made one or more visits abroad; 7.1 per cent of those who have been in the United States under five years, 19.8 per cent from five to nine years, and 35.9 per cent of those who have been in the United States ten years or over have made one or more visits abroad. It is noted that a very high proportion of both the Canadian French and Canadian other than French have made visits abroad, which is doubtless due to the fact that they are so convenient to their native homes. Of the other races, the more recent races, with the exception of the Russian Hebrews, show higher proportions making one or more visits abroad in each period, generally speaking. Of 3,489 males 20.2 per cent have made one or more visits abroad. As was shown by the totals, the percentage of visits abroad increase in the longer periods of residence. The Russian Hebrews show the lowest proportion who have made visits. Among the other races, exclusive of the Canadian French and Canadian Other, the older immigrant races, or German and Irish, show considerably lower proportions in each period than do the more recent immigrants. Among 626 females a somewhat larger proportion, or 30.8 per cent, have made visits abroad than of the males. As in the case of the males, the Canadian races show very high proportions in every period as having made visits abroad, but of the other races the Germans alone show a percentage for those who have been here under five years as having made visits abroad. The Greeks, Russian Hebrews, and South Italians are the only races employed in which none of the females reporting have made one or more visits abroad.

AGE CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AND MEMBERS OF THEIR

HOUSEHOLDS.

The age characteristics of the persons in the households studied may be seen from the table next presented. This table shows, by sex and general nativity and race of head of household, the percentage of persons in the households studied who are within each age group.

305

TABLE 77.—Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and general nativity and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

MALE.

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Native-born of foreign father.

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15.8

3.9

7.5

15.4

23.7

14.5

557

14.0

12.9

3.4

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26.6

21.0

Native-born...

Foreign-born.

3,071

19.5

12.9

3.0

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Upon information secured from 3,628 persons in the preceding table, 34.7 per cent are under 16 years of age, while 57.1 per cent are 20 years of age or over, the remainder, or 8.2 per cent, being from 16 to 19 years of age. The group native-born of foreign father shows a higher proportion of young persons than either the native-born of native father or the foreign-born, the proportions who are under 20 years of age being 46.5 per cent, 29.7 per cent, and 43.9 per cent, respectively. Among the foreign-born races the Armenian, French Canadian, and South Italian show over 50 per cent of their number to be 20 years or over; over 50 per cent of the English and Irish are 30 years of age or over and over 50 per cent of the Greek, Lithuanian, Polish, and Syrian are 20 and under 45 years of age. The Hebrew is the only race showing as high as 50 per cent of their number under 20 years of age.

The table next presented shows by sex and general nativity and race the percentage of employees within each specified age group.

TABLE 78.-Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity and

race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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TABLE 78.—Per cent of employees within each age group, by sex and general nativity and race-Continued.

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The preceding table compiled from data secured from 19,946 persons employed in this industry shows that 27.9 per cent are from 14 to 19, 23.9 per cent are from 20 to 24, 15.1 per cent are from 25 to 29, 10.6 per cent are from 30 to 34, 13.4 per cent are from 35 to 44, 6.4 per cent are from 45 to 54 and 2.7 per cent are 55 years of age or over. In the group of employees from 14 to 19 years of age those nativeborn of foreign father show the highest percentage, closely followed by the native whites born of native father, while the foreign-born show comparatively small proportions. Among the employees from 20 to 24, 25 to 29, 30 to 34, and 35 to 44 years of age, the foreign-born show the highest percentage followed by the native-born of foreign father and the native whites born of native father. Among the employees from 45 to 54 and 55 years of age or over the foreign-born continue to show the largest proportion followed by the native whites born. of native father and the native-born of foreign father, in the order named. Among the employees who were native-born of foreign father, those whose fathers were born in Italy show the highest percentage who are from 14 to 19 years of age. The employees whose fathers were born in Canada show the highest percentage who were from 20 to 24 years of age and those whose fathers were born in Ireland the highest percentage from 25 to 29 years of age. The employees whose fathers were born in Scotland show the highest percentage who are from 30 to 34, from 35 to 44, and 55 years of age or over, and the employees whose fathers were born in England show the highest percentage who are from 45 to 54 years of age. Among the foreign-born, the Greek employees show the highest percentage from 14 to 19 years of age, the Russian Hebrew employees the highest percentage who were from 20 to 24, the Lithuanian employees the highest percentage from 25 to 29, the Swedish employees the highest percentage from 30 to 34 and also from 35 to 44 years of age, while the German employees show the highest percentage from 45 to 54 and 55 years of age or over. It is particularly noticeable that the older immigrant races show a much higher percentage of employees of an advanced age than the races from southern and eastern Europe. In comparing the males and the females in the preceding table it will be observed that a greater proportion of female employees than of the male employees are from 14 to 19 and from 20 to 24 years of age. The male employees show a greater proportion of persons who are from 25 to 55 years of age or over than the females.

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