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Table 46.-Source of family income in detail, by general nativity and race of head of

family:

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) [This table includes only races with 20 or more families reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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Of 650 families selected for study the above table shows that 34.8 per cent have their entire income from husband, 21.8 per cent from husband and boarders and lodgers, 11.7 per cent from husband and children, 6.6 per cent from husband and wife, and 19.1 per cent from sources or combination of sources not specified, less than 3 per cent having entire income from each other specified source. Comparing the nativity groups, it is seen that those the heads of which are native-born of native father show the largest and those the heads of which are foreign-born the smallest proportion having the entire income from husband or sources or combination of sources not specified. Practically the same proportions of each nativity group have entire income from husband and wife. The families the heads of which are native-born of native father show the largest and the families the heads of which are native-born of foreign father the smallest proportion having their entire income from husband and children. Less than 2 per cent of the families the heads of which are of each nativity group have their entire income from husband, wife, and children; wife; wife and children. The proportion of families having their entire income from husband and boarders or lodgers is largest of those the heads of which are foreign-born and smallest of those the heads of which are native-born of native father. The proportion of families having entire income from children, or children and boarders or lodgers, is less than 5 per cent for any nativity group. No families report an entire income from boarders and lodgers or wife and boarders or lodgers.

Considering the foreign-born families, it is seen that those the heads of which are Armenians or French Canadians are the only ones showing a proportion having entire income from husband, wife, and children, and those the heads of which are French Canadians are the only ones showing a proportion having entire income from wife, or wife and children. Less than 10 per cent of the families the heads of which are of any of the specified races, except English, Greek, or Polish, have their entire income from husband and wife, and less than 10 per cent of those the heads of which are of any of the specified races except Canadian French, English, Hebrew, or Irish, have their entire income from husband and children. Over 20 per cent of the families the heads of which are of any of the specified races, except Canadian French, English, or Irish, draw their entire income from husband and boarders or lodgers, those the heads of which are Lithuanians or Polish showing 54.7 per cent and 50 per cent, respectively, as having entire income from this source. Over 20 per cent of the families the heads of which are Irish, as compared with less than 5 per cent of the families the heads of which are of any of the other specified races, except Hebrew, have their entire income from children. Over 15 per cent of the families the heads of which are of any of the specified races, except Italian, South, have their entire income from sources or combination of sources not specified, those the heads of which are Irish showing the largest proportion, or 32.3 per cent.

RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF DIFFERENT SOURCES OF FAMILY INCOME.

The extent to which the families studied depend upon the designated sources of income is set forth in the following table, which shows, by general nativity and race of head of family, the percentage of total yearly income from husband, wife, children, boarders, or lodgers, and other sources: TABLE 47.Per cent of total family income within the year from husband, wife, children, boarders, or lodgers, and other sources, by general nativity and race of head of family.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) (This table includes only races with 20 or more families reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

Per cent of total income from

Number

Earnings of General nativity and race of head of family. of selected

families.a

Husband. Wise.

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The earnings of husband constitute 68.7 per cent of the total income of the selected families; 15.1 per cent comes from the contributions of children. The other sources are less important items in the income of the total group. In each nativity group the proportion of income from the earnings of husband is considerably greater than the proportion from any other source. The native-born of native father have a larger proportion of their income from the earnings of husband and wife and a smaller proportion from every other source than any other class. The foreign-born have a smaller proportion from the earnings of husband and a larger proportion from contributions of children, payments of boarders or lodgers, and sources other than specified than any other class.

The greater part of the income of each specified race, excepting the Irish, comes from the earnings of the husband. The Irish have a larger proportion of their income from the contributions of children than any other source.

The Lithuanians show an entire lack of income from the contributions of children.

CHAPTER IV.

WORKING CONDITIONS.

Regularity of employment—The immigrant and organized labor—[Text Tables 48 to 50

and General Table 22).

REGULARITY OF EMPLOYMENT.

The regularity of employment offered as well as the relative industriousness of the several races and nativity is exhibited by the tables which follow. The table first submitted shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the months worked during the past year by males in the households studied who were 16 years

of

age or over: TABLE 48.- Months worked during the past year by males 16 years of age or over employed

away from home, by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 20 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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In the greater proportion of cases males 16 years of age or over, employed away from home, worked at least nine months during the past year. This is true of 75.9 per cent of the native-born of native father, 72.5 per cent of the native-born of foreign father, and of 61.6 per cent of the foreign-born. The latter class, on the whole, worked the least number of months, the foreign-born showing the smallest proportion working each specified length of time. The greater pro

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