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Page.

401 406 408 409 411

CHAPTER X.-Housing and living conditions:

Rent in its relation to standard of living.
Boarders and lodgers.....
Size of apartments occupied.
Size of households studied.

Congestion.
CHAPTER XI.-Salient characteristics:

Literacy....
Conjugal condition.
Visits abroad....
Age classification of employees and members of their households.

Charity.
CHAPTER XII.-General progress and assimilation:

Ownership of homes..
School attendance..
Status of children in the households studied.
Citizenship.......
Ability to speak English..

417 420 428 429 433

435 436 437 437 439

REPRESENTATIVE COMMUNITY B.

445 445 446

449

452

455 458 459 460 460 461 463 463 464 466

CHAPTER XIII.-Introduction:

Industrial significance of the community....
Households studied.

Members of households for whom detailed information was secured.
CHAPTER XIV.-Racial displacements:

History of immigration...
Period of residence in the United States of members of immigrant house-

holds studied....
CHAPTER XV.-Economic status:

Industrial condition abroad of members of immigrant households studied..
General occupation of males at the present time in the households studied..
General occupation of females at the present time in the households studied.
Comparison of occupations of the first and second generations.
Occupations entered in the industry..
Annual earnings of male heads of families studied...
Annual earnings of males 18 years of age or over in the households studied..
Annual earnings of females 18 years of age or over in the households studied.
Annual family income.
Wives at work....
Relation between the earnings of husbands and the practice of wives of

keeping boarders or lodgers..
Sources of family income..

Relative importance of different sources of family income. CHAPTER XVI.-Working conditions:

Regularity of employment....

The immigrant and organized labor...
CHAPTER XVII.-Housing and living conditions:

Rent in its relation to standard of living:
Boarders and lodgers...
Size of apartments occupied.
Size of households studied.

Congestion.
CHAPTER XVIII.-Salient characteristics:

Literacy.
Conjugal condition.

Age classification of members of households studied.
CAPTER XIX.-General progress and assimilation:

Ownership of homes.
Citizenship.
Ability to speak English.

466 468 469

471 472

475 478 479 480 481

485 487 489

491 491 492

PART III.-THE BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY IN

THE MIDDLE WEST.

Page.

497

499 500 501

CHAPTER I.-Introduction:

Employees for whom information was secured... CHAPTER II.-Racial displacements:

History of immigration to the boot and shoe manufacturing establishments

of St. Louis... Period of residence in the United States of foreign-born employees.

Racial classification of employees at the present time.... CHAPTER III.-Economic status:

Principal occupation of immigrant employees before coming to the United

States.

Weekly earnings.
CHAPTER IV.-Salient characteristics:

Literacy.
Conjugal condition.
Visits abroad..

Age classification of employees.
CHAPTER V.-General progress and assimilation:

Citizenship...
Ability to speak English.

503 504

509 510 513 514

517 518

General tables..

General explanation of tables.
List of text tables..
List of general tables.
List of charts...

519 521 753 765 772

PART I.-GENERAL SURVEY OF THE BOOT AND SHOE

MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.

209

PART 1.-GENERAL SURVEY OF THE BOOT AND SHOE MANUFACTURING

INDUSTRY.

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION.

Growth of the industry-Increase in the number of employees-Territory studied

Households studied Members of households for whom detailed information was secured–The preparation of the report-Employees for whom information was secured–Text Tables 1 to 8 and General Tables 1 to 3).

GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY.

The growth in the boot and shoe manufacturing industry during recent years may be understood from the fact that the total amount of capital invested in 1880 was only $42,994,028, as contrasted with a capital commitment of $122,526,093 in 1905, and from the additional fact that the value of the annual output of the industry in 1880 was only $166,050,354, as compared with a yearly production to the value of $320,107,458 in 1905. The growth of the industry in the country as a whole during the period 1880–1905, and its status in 1905 in the principal boot and shoe manufacturing States is shown in the table below.

Table 1.The growth of the boot and shoe industry in the United States 1880 to 1905 and

the status of selected States for 1905.

(Compiled from Table 1, p. 229, and Table 16, pp. 246-253, in Part III, Manufactures, 1905, United States

Bureau of the Census.]

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44 50 502 34 50 51 188

62 119

53 163

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