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TABLE 10.-Per cent of males among persons canvassed, by locality and by general nativity and race of head of household.
(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)
[This table includes only races with 20 or more persons reporting in each of two or more localities. The totals, however, are for all races.]
@ This total includes households not given in the localities, because within a locality no race was tabulated unless 10 or more schedules were secured.
As regards the proportion of males in the households studied in the bituminous coal-mining industry it will be seen that of the total number of persons for whom detailed information was secured, 57.3 per cent are of this sex, the foreign-born reporting 57.7 per cent, as compared with 50.9 per cent of the native-born.
As among the several localities, the largest proportion, 71.2 per cent, is reported from the South, and the smallest proportion, 52.1 per cent, is reported from the Middle West, while the proportions reported from Pennsylvania and the Southwest, between which there is practically no difference, are but slightly in excess of the proportion reported from the Middle West.
The South reports a larger proportion of males for each race reporting therefrom, without a single exception, than does any other locality. For example, the per cent of males among the South Italian households studied was 77.8 in the South, 61.1 in the Southwest, 57.5 in Pennsylvania, and 52.6 in the Middle West. The per cent of males among the Lithuanians was 71.8 in the South, 63.1 in the Southwest, 57.8 in Pennsylvania, and 52.4 in the Middle West.
The following table shows the persons in the households studied for whom detailed information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race of individual. Attention is called to the fact that in this table the classification is by general nativity and race of individual, and not of head of household as in the preceding table.
TABLE 11.-Persons for whom detailed information was secured, by sex and general nativity and race of individual.
Of the 6,861 males for whom detailed information was secured, 61.3 per cent are foreign-born, as compared with 38.7 per cent nativeborn. Of the native-born, by far the largest proportion are of foreign father. Comparing the persons native-born of foreign father, it will be seen that the Slovaks constitute the largest proportion, or 7.7 per cent of the total number of males, while the Poles and North Italians follow with considerably lower percentages. The Magyars, Lithuanians, and South Italians are the only other races reporting each a proportion in excess of 2 per cent.
Among the foreign-born males, as in the case of the native-born, Slovaks report the largest proportion; their 10.9 per cent is followed closely by the Poles, North and South Italians, and Magyars, the last named reporting 7 per cent. With the exception of the Lithuanians and Croatians, who report 4.3 and 3.4 per cent, respectively, each of the remaining foreign-born races reports less than 2 per cent of the total number of males. The native whites born of native father, it will be noted, constitute less than 5 per cent, and the negroes less than 1 per cent.
Of the 5,113 females furnishing information, 49.9 per cent are foreign-born and 50.1 per cent native-born. The races showing the largest proportion of foreign-born females also show the largest proportion of females of the second generation, and, with the exception of the Slovaks, the percentages for the foreign-born are slightly higher. Of the second generation, the Slovaks show the largest proportion, or 11.1 per cent of the total number of females, followed by the Poles, reporting 6.6, and the North Italians 5.5 per cent, the proportions of the other races ranging from 3.9 per cent for the Magyars to 0.1 per cent for the Roumanians.
Of the foreign-born females, the Slovaks, with 10.2 per cent of the total number of females, show the largest proportion, followed by the Poles, North Italians, Magyars, and South Italians, with 8.1, 7, 5.4, and 4.4 per cent, respectively, while for the other races reporting females the proportions range from 3.8 per cent for the Lithuanians to 0.2 per cent for the French. The whites native-born of native father are exceeded only by the Slovaks, Poles, and North Italians of foreign birth and the Slovaks and Poles of the second generation. Only 1.3 per cent of the total number of females are negroes, and but 0.1 per cent are Indians.
A combination of the proportions of males and females, as set forth in Table 11, does not affect the relative position of the various races, as will be seen from the totals.
EMPLOYEES FOR WHOM INFORMATION WAS SECURED.
In addition to the study of households, a detailed study of 88,368 individual employees was made for the bituminous coal-mining industry as a whole. The racial composition of this total is shown in Table 12 and its accompanying charts.
TABLE 12.-Male employees for whom information was secured, by general nativity and
a Less than 0.05 per cent.
This table shows that of the 88,368 employees for whom information was secured, 61.9 per cent are foreign-born, 9.5 per cent are native-born of foreign father, 21 per cent are whites native-born of native father, and 7.6 per cent are negroes native-born of native father.