Driving Innovation: Intellectual Property Strategies for a Dynamic World
Cambridge University Press, 2008. gada 4. febr.
How does IP balance the exclusive rights of innovators with public demand for access to their innovations? How can organizations manage IP strategically to meet their goals? How do IP strategies play out on the global stage? Driving Innovation reveals the dynamics of intellectual property (IP) as it drives the innovation cycle and shapes global society. The book presents fundamental IP concepts and practical legal and business strategies that apply to all innovation communities, including industry, non-profit institutions, and developing countries. Further, it draws on the author's broad experience, news headlines, and precedent-setting lawsuits relating to patents, trademarks, copyright, and trade secrets - from biotechnology to the open source movement. General readers and students will welcome the lively overview of this complex topic, while executives and practitioners can gain new insights and valuable approaches for putting ideas to work and navigating within or changing the global IP system to expand innovation.
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accessible domain activities approach assignment Bayh-Dole Act biological materials biotechnology chapter collaboration commercial competitor compulsory licensing confidential copy corporations cost create creative databases developing countries drug employees enforcement evaluation example exclusive rights filed global goals ideas individual industry infringement innovation chief innovation communities innovation cycle intellectual property rights invention inventors IP assets IP laws IP management IP owner IP portfolio IP protection IP rights IP system issues managing intellectual property nonprofit obtain ofinnovation ofIP ofthe open access open source organization organizations parties patent and trademark patent application patent law patent portfolio patent prosecution patent trolls percent pharmaceutical practices prior art public domain registration Research in Motion royalty scope sell society strategy sunk cost tion trade secrets trademark rights transfer types of IP valuation
56. lappuse - The labour of his body, and the work of his hands, we may say, are properly his. Whatsoever, then, he removes out of the state that nature hath provided and left it in, he hath mixed his labour with, and joined to it something that is his own, and thereby makes it his property.
349. lappuse - Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
249. lappuse - ... (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; (2) the nature of the copyrighted work; (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
xii. lappuse - Defendants shall have the right to written notice which is timely and contains sufficient detail, including the basis of the claims.
ii. lappuse - In order to reduce the distortions and impediments to international trade, and taking into account the need to promote effective and adequate protection of intellectual property rights, and to ensure that measures and procedures to enforce intellectual property rights do not themselves become barriers to legitimate trade, the negotiations shall aim to clarify GATT provisions and elaborate as appropriate new rules and disciplines.
xi. lappuse - Members, when requiring, as a condition of approving the marketing of pharmaceutical or of agricultural chemical products which utilize new chemical entities, the submission of undisclosed test or other data, the origination of which involves a considerable effort, shall protect such data against unfair commercial use.
vii. lappuse - Members may also exclude from patentability: (a) diagnostic, therapeutic and surgical methods for the treatment of humans or animals; (b) plants and animals other than micro-organisms, and essentially biological processes for the production of plants or animals other than non-biological and microbiological processes.
vii. lappuse - Article, patents shall be available and patent rights enjoyable without discrimination as to the place of invention, the field of technology and whether products are imported or locally produced.